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Éva Bajkay

(b Budapest, April 15, 1936).

Hungarian painter, conceptual artist and teacher. By 1956 he was familiar with most modernist tendencies. In 1960 he graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts, Budapest, having already taken part in exhibitions as an undergraduate. Lakner’s unique Hungarian mixture of Surrealism and naturalism was primarily influenced by the Hungarian painter Tibor Csernus (b 1927). Lakner’s first works were precisely executed naturalistic life studies and still-lifes, imbued with a magical quality (e.g. Scraps of Metal, 1960; Budapest, priv. col.). In other works repetition and density are used to create special effects. From 1962 the influence of Pop art is apparent in his works representing everyday objects, which lacked emotional or personal meaning (e.g. Microscopes, 1960; Budapest, N.G.). Dark tones and metallic shadows characterize his use of colour. Robert Rauschenberg’s art was influential after Lakner saw it at the Venice Biennale of 1964. He was also influenced by montage, in particular John Heartfield’s Dada and Neo-Dada works. He drew upon his knowledge of art history for such montages as ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1 December 1896, in Paris; died 7 March 1988, in Paris.

Pastellist, painter (including gouache/mixed media), draughtsman, designer. Animals. Designs for stained glass, stage costumes and sets.

Art Deco.

In 1913, Gaston Suisse studied at the school of decorative arts in Paris, where he learned the craft of lacquering. In 1920, he was taught by Paul Renouard, David, Albert d'Ys and Kruber. He was a friend of the decorative artist Dunand and of Jouve, Trémont, Sandoz, Petersen and Guyot, with whom he participated in all the major salons. He was awarded the Puvis de Chavannes prize in 1936. He executed decorative works for the Alhambra of Algiers in 1925, for the Galeries Lafayette's Pavillon de la Maîtrise and for the reception hall of the Conseil Municipal de Paris. He designed theatrical sets for the Paris Opéra and costumes for the Comédie-Française. He also produced fabric designs for Madame Duchesne, cartoons for stained glass windows for Grubber and a number of lacquered decorative panels for such celebrated individuals as Jansen, Straub, Ruhlmann and Boyer. He also produced many pencil, charcoal and pastel life drawings of animals which show a great understanding of animals and which he then executed in lacquer....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active from 1937 to 1954 active then naturalised in the Netherlands.

Born 1897 or 1899, in Osnabrück (Westphalia); died 1963, in Ulm.

Painter, collage artist.

Groups: 'K', De Stijl, Der Sturm, Cercle et Carré, Abstraction-Création.

Friedrich Vordemberge-Gildewart studied interior design and architecture in ...