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Article

Israeli, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 11 November 1961, in Umm el Fahm.

Painter (including mixed media), draughtsman. Military subjects, figures, still-lifes, animals.

Asim Abu-Shakra was educated at the college of fine arts in Tel Aviv, where he worked as a teacher in 1987 and ...

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Born 1935, in Tel Aviv; died 1964, as the result of an accident.

Painter (including mixed media).

This artist was educated at the Bezalel college of art in Jerusalem. He was awarded the ministry of education and culture prize in 1958...

Article

Turkish, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active also active in France.

Born 2 September 1953, in Izmit.

Painter, collage artist. Landscapes, urban landscapes.

Groupe Art-cloche.

Neveser Aksoy studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris under Mattey de l’Étang and received a DEA in fine arts from the University of Paris I....

Article

Aurélie Verdier

(b Saïda, Algeria, 1953).

French painter, sculptor, photographer, film maker, writer and installation artist of Algerian birth. Born to Spanish parents, he was much affected by North African as well as Southern European culture. He trained at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Le Havre. Despite a pervasive and diverse use of media, Alberola often stressed the coexistence of his different artistic practices as leading to painting alone. His paintings relied heavily on evocative narratives, at once personal and ‘historical’. Alberola conceived of his role as a storyteller, on the model of African oral cultures. Convinced that narratives could not be renewed, he argued that a painter’s main task was to reactivate his work through contact with his pictorial heritage. The main points of reference for his paintings of the early 1980s were Velázquez, Manet or Matisse, whose works he quoted in a personal way. In the early 1980s he undertook a series of paintings inspired by mythological subjects, which he combined with his own history as the principal subject-matter of his work. The biblical story of Susannah and the Elders as well as the Greek myth of Actaeon provided his most enduring subjects, both referring to the act of looking as taboo, as in ...

Article

Chika Okeke-Agulu

(b Cairo, May 22, 1963).

American painter, sculptor, fibre and installation artist of Egyptian birth. Amer, one of the few young artists of African origin to gain prominence in the late 1990s international art scene, studied painting in France at the Villa Arson EPIAR, Nice (MFA, 1989), and the Institut des Hautes Etudes en Art Plastique, Paris (1991). She subsequently moved to New York. She is best known for her canvases in which paint and embroidery are combined to explore themes of love, desire, sexuality, and women’s identity in a patriarchal world. Amer’s use of Embroidery, historically regarded as a genteel female craft, to create images of women fulfilling their sexual desires without inhibition, recalls the provocations and strategies of 1970s Western feminist art. However, her work also reflects her alarm at the incremental curbing of women’s social and political freedoms in her native Egypt following the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, especially after the regime of Gamal Abdel Nasser ended in ...

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Born 1908, in Kharkov, Ukraine; died 1974.

Painter, pastellist, collage artist.

Arieh Aroch emigrated to Palestine and studied at the Bezalel college in Jerusalem in 1924. He settled in Paris in 1934. As of 1945, he was mainly concerned with theatre set and costume design. His artistic career ended in ...

Article

Israeli, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1953, in Tel Aviv.

Sculptor, draughtsman, mixed media.

Ilan Averbuch studied at Wimbledon Art School in London, at the School of Visual Arts in New York and at Hunter College.

In his choice of materials and structures, Averbuch’s body of work is akin to Land Art; he uses materials in their primal state - ­frequently stone but also wood and lead - in order to produce his ‘archaeologies’, compositions that often evoke ancient and sacred places but also create their own symbolic language. His fragmented, yet dynamic and monumental sculpture is laboriously constituted piece by piece, almost as if he were rebuilding after some cataclysmic event rather than starting from scratch....

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Born 12 August 1933, in Vilnius, Lithuania.

Painter (including mixed media), watercolourist, pastellist. Still-lifes, landscapes.

Samuel Bak settled in Israel in 1948, where he studied at the Bezalel art school. In 1956 he went to Paris, where he attended the École des Beaux-Arts. In 1959 he moved to Rome, and in 1966 he resettled in Israel with periods in New York City (1974-77) and Paris (1980-84). In 1984 he moved to Switzerland. He employs a traditional narrative style in the manner of Bruegel and Bosch to paint ‘innocent’ subjects such as landscapes and still-lifes, contriving to ‘pervert’ them in a surrealistic manner; thus, a pear got up in a piece of cloth and cinched by a belt suddenly emerges as a breast protruding from a brassiere. Equally, a still-life by Samuel Bak may feature certain components only in silhouette or, for example, a section of a stem glass that emerges as a ‘window’ on the landscape beyond....

Article

Lebanese, 20th century, male.

Born 12 July 1942, in Beirut.

Painter, sculptor, photographer, video artist.

Kinetic Art.

Roland Baladi permutated various techniques, notably drawings and photographs, to produce the Photograms he exhibited in Beirut in 1962. In 1971, Roland Baladi exhibited a piece entitled Cinetone...

Article

Turkish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1958.

Born 17 January 1929, in Istanbul.

Watercolourist, painter (mixed media), collage artist, engraver, draughtsman.

Albert Bitran originally moved to Paris to study architecture, but he soon abandoned it for painting and became a pupil of Fernand Léger....

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1919, in Cairo.

Painter (mixed media), collage artist.

Mounir Canaan began his artistic career in the early 1940s and moved into abstraction in 1946. Normally an oil on canvas painter, he also created assemblages of wooden pieces, and collages of printed documents which he arranged along geometrical lines. He showed work at several collective exhibitions in Cairo and at international events including the São Paulo Biennale (...

Article

Susan T. Goodman

(b Meknès, Morocco, 1942).

Israeli painter and mixed-media artist of Moroccan birth. He emigrated to Israel in 1949 and studied art at the Bezalel Academy of Art and Design in Jerusalem (graduating in 1971) and the Central School of Art in London before receiving a BA degree in Social Science and History of Art at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem (1973). His mixed-media works of the 1970s conveyed his sense of physical dislocation at being estranged as a Moroccan refugee in Israel; the human figure appeared as an essential element of this theme of displacement and homelessness. In 1975 he returned to drawing and painting in works such as Analogical Work on Computers (1977; Tel Aviv Mus. A.), in which faceless, generalized figures function as symbols in a non-specific space. From 1975 to 1977 Cohen Gan lived in New York, where he studied at Columbia University (MFA, 1977), before settling in Tel Aviv, where he combined scientific systems with introspective autobiographical references in narrative paintings such as the series ...

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, female.

Active in France from 1954.

Born 5 September 1930, in Ferryville.

Painter (mixed media/gouache), collage artist. Stage sets, designs for tapestries.

Lily Designe lives and works in France, where she married. She uses a variety of techniques occasionally based on collage, with frequent references to the supernatural aspects of the theatre. She tends more towards the magical than the fantastic....

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Active since 1972 active in England.

Born 1940, in Jerusalem.

Painter, video artist.

Conceptual Art.

He studied in Tel Aviv and exhibited in Israel from 1968. He has lived in London since 1972.

He has taken part in a number of group exhibitions including the Autumn Salon in Tel Aviv, in ...

Article

Lebanese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1951, in Beirut.

Painter, collage artist, engraver. Portraits.

He was a student at the institute of fine arts of the Lebanese University from 1971 to 1975, then studied at the Slade School of Fine Art, London, from 1979 to 1981...

Article

Iranian, 20th century, female.

Active in France from 1975.

Born 1955, in Tehran; died 17 February 1996, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor, installation artist.

Neo-Conceptual Art.

Feyzdjou attended the national school of fine arts in Paris from 1975 onwards, at the same time as studying aesthetics at the Sorbonne....

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Born 1945.

Painter (mixed media).

Garbuz was born in Givatayim, near Tel Aviv, and from 1962 to 1969 was taught by Raffi Lavie. Between 1965 and 1970, he took part in the exhibitions of ‘Group 10+’. In 1972 he also took part in ...

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Born 1936, in Tel Aviv.

Painter (mixed media).

Symbolism.

From 1960 to 1964, Gershuni studied at the Avni Institute in Tel Aviv. He won the Ika Brown Prize, awarded by the Museum of Israel in Jerusalem and in 1982 the Sandberg Prize, awarded by the same institution. He has taken part in numerous exhibitions in museums in Israel, which he represented at the Venice Biennale. In ...

Article

Lebanese, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active fromc.1980active in France.

Born 1959, in Beirut.

Painter (mixed media).

Fadia Haddad creates somewhat disturbing images which seem to arise spontaneously on enormous primitive canvases with mysterious titles - Incurable Obsession and Chain of Babbling Signals...

Article

Egyptian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Italy.

Born 1957, in Cairo.

Painter, installation artist. Figures, portraits, animals.

Fathi Hassan was born in Nubia and first worked as an actor and a scenographer. In 1984, he obtained a diploma at the school of art in Naples. He has lived and worked in Italy since ...