You are looking at  1-2 of 2 results  for:

  • Installation Art, Mixed-Media, and Assemblage x
  • 1300–1400 x
Clear All

Article

Bazaar  

Mohammad Gharipour

Bazaar, which is rooted in Middle Persian wāzār and Armenian vačaṟ, has acquired three different meanings: the market as a whole, a market day, and the marketplace. The bazaar as a place is an assemblage of workshops and stores where various goods and services are offered.

Primitive forms of shops and trade centres existed in early civilizations in the Near East, such as Sialk, Tepe in Kashan, Çatal Hüyük, Jerico, and Susa. After the 4th millennium BC, the population grew and villages gradually joined together to shape new cities, resulting in trade even with the remote areas as well as the acceleration of the population in towns. The advancement of trade and accumulation of wealth necessitated the creation of trade centres. Trade, and consequently marketplaces, worked as the main driving force in connecting separate civilizations, while fostering a division of labour, the diffusion of technological innovations, methods of intercultural communication, political and economic management, and techniques of farming and industrial production....

Article

Roger Lehni

Pilgrimage and parish church in Alsace, France. It contains an important assemblage of late medieval art. Towards the end of the 13th century a relic of St Ubaldo, Bishop of Gubbio (d 1160), was brought to Thann; the saint was given the name of Thiébaut (Theobald), and his remains, it was claimed, began to work miracles. He was seen as a universal miracle-worker, invoked throughout the Holy Roman Empire. With the encouragement of the Habsburgs and a rise in pilgrimage in the 14th and 15th centuries, a large church was begun c. 1330, becoming collegiate in 1442. The church shows the influence of the Parler workshop: it has no transept, an aisled nave of four bays, a rib-vaulted choir (consecrated 1422) as long as the nave and flanked by a tower, and a western portal with a triple tympanum. The Late Gothic north aisle was built from ...