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Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 31 May 1947, in the Haute-Garonne.

Painter (mixed media).

Abadie has lived and worked in Paris since 1985, after art and sculpture studies in Toulouse. She also studied fresco techniques in Venice. In Paris, she has exhibited at the Salon de la Jeune Peinture in ...

Article

Polish, 20th century, female.

Born 1930, in Falenty.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor.

A student at the academy of fine art in Warsaw between 1950 and 1955, Magdalena Abakanowicz taught at the fine arts college in Poznan from 1965 onwards. Initially a painter, she later took up sculpture and also began working with textiles in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in France.

Born 11 August 1950, in New York.

Installation artist, photographer. Multimedia.

Art Narratif.

Aballéa studied epistemology. She lives and works in Paris. Aballéa's work stages natural phenomena and scientific descriptions entirely of her own invention, which she describes using writings in the form of tales. Her work generally involves an environment in which light has a predominant place: 'In my work, I like to tell stories. I tell them through space, image, situation and text. I don't believe in any defined limitation between the real and the unreal, but rather a large, fluctuating zone of possibilities. My works are situated in this large zone.' She willingly refers to Borgès and Lewis Carroll, provoking a mêlée between elements of reality and textual fiction. She often uses photographs re-touched with pastel colours which she accompanies with texts....

Article

Francis Summers

revised by Jessica Santone

(b Belgrade, Nov 30, 1946).

Serbian performance artist, video artist and installation artist. She attended the Academy of Fine Arts in Belgrade (1965–70) before completing her post-diploma studies at the Academy of Fine Arts, Zagreb, in 1972. Her early works included sound recordings installed on bridges, paintings of truck crashes, and experiments with conceptual photography (see Widrich, pp. 80–97). In her first significant performance, Rhythm 10 (1973), she repeatedly and rapidly stabbed the spaces between her fingers with various knives. Later, in Rhythm 0 (1974; see Ward, pp. 114–30), she invited gallery visitors to choose from 72 available objects to use on her body, as she stood unresponsive for 6 hours. Her infamous performance Thomas’ Lips (1975; see M. Abramović and others, pp. 98–105), in which she cut, flagellated, and froze herself, established her practice as one that dramatically explored the physical limits of the human body, as seen in the work of Gena Pane or Chris Burden (...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 22 August 1920, in Genoa.

Painter, sculptor (including bronze), engraver, designer, collage artist.

The son of Piedmontese parents, Enrico Accatino studied at the fine arts academy in Rome from 1942 to 1945, and was a pupil of Felice Casorati. In ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1 August 1932, in the Var.

Engraver (mezzotint), draughtsman, mixed media.

Achard trained at the École des Beaux-Arts in Toulon and the Académie Charpentier in Paris. He holds an agrégation (a high-level professorial qualification) in fine arts. He is a teacher at the Lycée Thiers in Marseilles and shows his work in private exhibitions, including one at the Galerie L'Échoppe in Marseilles in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1966, in Marseilles.

Installation artist, sculptor, action artist, photographer.

Conceptual Art.

Boris Achour, who was a graduate of the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, received a three-month extra-mural bursary from the Villa Médicis that he spent in Los Angeles in ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947, in Isleworth (Middlesex); died 5 June 2014.

Sculptor, installation artist.

Process Art.

Roger Ackling was educated at St Martin's School of Art and Ealing College of Art, and held his first exhibition at the London College of Fashion Gallery. He teaches at Chelsea School of Art and Norwich School of Art and Design....

Article

Simon Njami

(b Contou, 1942).

Beninois installation artist. He studied law in France, and it was not until he returned to Benin in 1971 that he became an artist, by accident. Considered mad by his family, he was sent to a psychiatric hospital a few times before encountering Jean Michel Rousset, a young Frenchman who reassured him about his talent. In his compound Adaeagbo creates an ever-changing assemblage of found materials: sculptures, stones, clothing, newspapers. New materials are added, and old objects are rearranged. These creations function as historical documents of his times, as well as of particular days, as he works each day after his walks. His work has been described as reflecting and evoking the ‘madness in words’: the inability to understand words, and the conflicts that arise from this lack of understanding. It can also be seen as a comment on his own life and the suffering of a misunderstood artist. In Adaeagbo’s smaller pieces, objects are combined with a greater emphasis on symbolic intent than aesthetic concerns. He has exhibited at the Institut Claude-Nicolas Ledoux (...

Article

Swedish, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1953.

Painter (mixed media).

Stockholm, 30 May 1989: The Original Electric Desert Hotel (1987, mixed media/paper, 21 × 26¼ ins/52.5 × 66.5 cm) SEK 7,200

Stockholm, 19 May 1992: Composition (mixed media, 56¾ × 86½ ins/144 × 220 cm) ...

Article

Polish, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in France from 1988.

Born 1953.

Painter (mixed media).

Ewa Adamowicz graduated from the university college of Cracow. Her work featured in the Salon Comparaisons in Paris in 1990, and she had two solo exhibitions in Poland in 1984...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1963.

Born 1942, in Winschoten; died 1975, while crossing the Atlantic.

Performance artist, happenings artist, installation artist, photographer.

Conceptual Art.

Bas Jan Ader settled in the USA when he was 21 years old, and studied art and philosophy at the University of California in Irvine, where he would later teach. After ...

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Active in the UK from 1941.

Born 26 July 1895, in Lódz; died 25 April 1949, in Aldebourne, Wilts, England.

Painter (gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman, engraver. Figures, nudes, still-lifes.

Das Junge Rheinland Group.

Born into a Hassidic Jewish family in Lódz, Yankel Adler led a nomadic life. He was in Belgrade in 1912 studying goldsmith's art and engraving with the court engraver. In 1913 he settled in Barmen, Germany, then in Düsseldorf where he was part of the group ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Painter (mixed media).

Nouvelle Figuration.

Les Andelys, 19 Nov 1989: Goo Goo Barabajagal (acrylic/canvas, 36½ × 28¾ ins/93 × 73 cm) FRF 3,000

Paris, 26 April 1990: Wilko (stencil acrylic/canvas, 46 × 32 ins/116 × 81 cm) FRF 5,200...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 3 April 1923, in Geneva.

Collage artist.

Arthur Aeschbacher studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Geneva from 1941 to 1945. He lived in Paris from 1968. In 1959 he was awarded the Prix de la Peinture Abstraite in Lausanne....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 19 December 1921, in Mantes-la-Jolie.

Collage artist.

Jean Agamemnon first demonstrated his talents through poetry, gaining encouragement from Paul Eluard, Tristan Tzara and Robert Desnos. He collaborated on various poetry magazines but gradually moved away from poetry and, from 1945...

Article

British, 20th century, female.

Born 1 December 1904, in Buenos Aires, to a Scottish father and an American mother; died 17 November 1991, in London.

Painter, collage artist.

Surrealism.

London Group, English Surrealist Group.

Eileen Agar trained initially under Leon Underwood, and subsequently under Henry Tonks at the Slade School of Art in London until 1926. Although flirting with Post-Impressionist techniques fashionable at that time, early works such as her ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1926, in Milan; died 1981.

Collage artist, mixed media. Artists' books.

Arte Povera, Conceptual Art.

Vicenzo Agnetti's work has appeared in numerous group exhibitions of international contemporary art, including Documenta 5 in Kassel, Germany (1972) and Biennale in Venice (...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1953, in Troyes.

Sculptor, draughtsman, installation artist, video artist.

Hélène Agofroy lives and works in Paris. The origins of Hélène Agofroy's sculptures can be found in the paintings of the Quattrocento. She is interested in the positioning of objects in Italian frescoes and paintings. She studies their multiple perspectival effects, then incorporates them into her sculpture. From common elements, such as wood, plaster and resin, Agofroy builds light, open worked sculptures of complex geometric design. They invoke overturned hulls, light cradles, or, as in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1945, in Bordeaux; died 1980, in Barbézieux (Charente).

Assemblage artist.

Conceptual Art, Art Sociologique (Sociological Art).

Thierry Agullo showed a 'collection' of horseshoes collected from around the world in 1973 in Paris, each presented with its own references. In 1974...