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Absalon  

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1964, in Tel-Aviv; died 10 October 1993, in Paris.

Installation artist, environmental artist, video artist.

Absalon lived and worked in Paris, where he studied at the École des Beaux-Arts under Christian Boltanski.

Absalon produced maquettes for ‘Utopian’ furniture upholstered entirely and uniformly in aseptic white plastic. Totally impractical, his furniture simply represents a desire to mark a departure from everyday convention. There is a strong element of play in some of his work, as in ...

Article

Israeli, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 11 November 1961, in Umm el Fahm.

Painter (including mixed media), draughtsman. Military subjects, figures, still-lifes, animals.

Asim Abu-Shakra was educated at the college of fine arts in Tel Aviv, where he worked as a teacher in 1987 and ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1939, in Tokyo.

Print artist, painter, draughtsman, collage artist.

Aigasa Masayoshi graduated from the Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music in 1962 and has been a member of the Japan Print Association since 1969. Aigasa’s style, which derives from fantasy art, is characterised by meticulous drawing. His series ...

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Born 1935, in Tel Aviv; died 1964, as the result of an accident.

Painter (including mixed media).

This artist was educated at the Bezalel college of art in Jerusalem. He was awarded the ministry of education and culture prize in 1958...

Article

Turkish, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active also active in France.

Born 2 September 1953, in Izmit.

Painter, collage artist. Landscapes, urban landscapes.

Groupe Art-cloche.

Neveser Aksoy studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris under Mattey de l’Étang and received a DEA in fine arts from the University of Paris I....

Article

Syrian, 21st century, female.

Born 1981, in Aleppo, Syria.

Sculpture, painting, installation.

The Syrian-born, Brooklyn-based artist Diana Al-Hadid is best known for creating meticulous large-scale works through which she investigates architecture and historical and mythological narratives. Al-Hadid received a bachelor of fine arts degree in sculpture from Kent State University in ...

Article

Korean, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1957, in Seoul, South Korea.

Painter (mixed media).

Chong-Dai An exhibited at the Seoul Museum of Modern Art from 1980 to 1982. When he later settled in Paris, he exhibited at the Salon de Mai, the Salon des Réalités Nouvelles and the Salon Grands et Jeunes d’Aujourd’hui ...

Article

Pakistani, 20th century, male.

Active in Britain.

Born 1935, in Karachi.

Installation artist, painter, sculptor.

Conceptual Art.

Araeen initially studied to be a civil engineer. He has exhibited in Karachi, New York and in a number of British cities. His work often addresses issues facing ethnic groups in Britain. He is also a writer and editor and founded the ...

Article

Agung Hujatnikajennong

(b Bandung, May 21, 1961).

Indonesian installation, video and performance artist and writer. Arahmaiani graduated from the Fine Art Department of Bandung Institute of Technology in 1983 and then continued her studies at the Paddington Art School, Sydney (1985–6) before attending the Akademie voor Beeldende Kunst & Vormgeving (AKI), Enschede (1991–2). During the 1980s she was also part of a rebellious young artists’ movement in Indonesia.

Arahmaiani is known for her specific point of view in responding to the domination of academicism in the Indonesian art world, which became her departure point in developing Happenings and performance art during the early 1980s; a boom era of painting and commercialization that occurred as a result of the economic boosting under the Indonesian New Order regime. One of her most important works, Newspaper Man (1981), in which she wrapped her body in newspaper advertisements and walked through the streets and shopping malls of Bandung, stimulated a more vibrant practice and discourse on the use of human body as an art medium in Indonesian art. ...

Article

Margo Machida

(b New York, Aug 16, 1949).

American printmaker and installation artist. Born and raised in New York City, Arai, a third-generation Japanese American printmaker, mixed-media artist, public artist and cultural activist, studied art at the Philadelphia College of Art and The Printmaking Workshop in New York. Since the 1970s, her diverse projects have ranged from individual works to large-scale public commissions (see Public art in the 21st century). She has designed permanent public works, including an interior mural commemorating the African burial ground in lower Manhattan and an outdoor mural for Philadelphia’s Chinatown. Other works include Wall of Respect for Women (1974), a mural on New York’s Lower East Side, which was a collaboration between Arai and women from the local community. Her art has been exhibited in such venues as the Bronx Museum of the Arts, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Museum of Modern Art, International Center for Photography, P.S.1 Museum, the Brooklyn Museum, the Museum of Contemporary Hispanic Art, all New York and the Library of Congress, Washington, DC. She is the recipient of awards and fellowships from National Endowment for the Arts, New York Foundation for the Arts, and Joan Mitchell Foundation....

Article

Miwako Tezuka

(b Manila, Aug 19, 1973).

American installation artist of Filipino birth. Arcega was born in Manila and immigrated to the USA when he was ten years old. He received a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree from San Francisco Art Institute and, in 2009, earned a Master of Fine Arts degree from Stanford University, California. While Arcega has worked with a variety of media, including sculpture and installation, he mainly focuses on language and creates visual and linguistic puns and satires that expose various social and political conflicts and problems resulting from globalization.

A tongue-in-cheek approach as an effective conceptual strategy has been used by a number of artists since Marcel Duchamp. In Arcega’s case, however, it relates more closely to the “format of jokes” that plays on unintended cultural misunderstandings between native English speakers and those for whom English is a second language. Ultimately, Arcega’s humor exposes the dark side of reality with frequent references to political and social issues. His installation ...

Article

Iranian, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA since 1960.

Born 1939, in Tehran.

Sculptor. Architectural installations.

New Image (related to).

Siah Armajani trained as an architect while studying the philosophy of mathematics. He moved to Minnesota.

Architecture constitutes his main source of inspiration and he has brought together all his works in a ...

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Born 1908, in Kharkov, Ukraine; died 1974.

Painter, pastellist, collage artist.

Arieh Aroch emigrated to Palestine and studied at the Bezalel college in Jerusalem in 1924. He settled in Paris in 1934. As of 1945, he was mainly concerned with theatre set and costume design. His artistic career ended in ...

Article

Russian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Paris from 1990.

Born 11 May 1959, in Novosibirsk.

Painter, collage artist. Scenes with figures.

Sergei Arto was born in Siberia but trained in Moscow. In 1984 he set up his own contemporary art movement, 'Strabism', which he based on his theory of how to present works in splintered fragments. In ...

Article

Michael Jay McClure

(b Istanbul, 1961).

Turkish video and installation artist, active also in England and Pakistan. He was educated at Mimar Sinan University, the Sorbonne, Paris, Los Angeles Santa Monica College, and the University of California, Los Angeles (MFA, 1988). Ataman holds a prominent place among artists exploring identity, sexuality, documentation, and the cultural politics of the Middle East and its diasporas; his work echoes that of Shirin Neshat, Omer Fast, Mona Hatoum, and the more commercial filmmaker Fatih Akin, among others.

Producing multi-channel ‘video sculptures’, Ataman explores states of psychological, cultural, and social displacement, often employing massive amounts of footage in a quasi-documentary style. An early piece, Women Who Wear Wigs (1999; see images tab for additional illustration), is a representative example. On a four-channel display, four Turkish women reveal their reasons for donning wigs: a reporter who recently lost her hair due to chemotherapy, a transsexual prostitute forced to shave her head by the police, a targeted terrorist who disguises herself, and a student banned from wearing a traditional headscarf in school. The wig, which conceals and connects these women, parallels how Ataman uses video: as a medium that both reveals and obfuscates its subjects. A spectator must negotiate not only the truth of the stories but also their syncopated broadcasts distributed over the space of the exhibition. Indeed, Ataman often uses the situation of the screens to disorienting sculptural effect. In ...

Article

Israeli, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1953, in Tel Aviv.

Sculptor, draughtsman, mixed media.

Ilan Averbuch studied at Wimbledon Art School in London, at the School of Visual Arts in New York and at Hunter College.

In his choice of materials and structures, Averbuch’s body of work is akin to Land Art; he uses materials in their primal state - ­frequently stone but also wood and lead - in order to produce his ‘archaeologies’, compositions that often evoke ancient and sacred places but also create their own symbolic language. His fragmented, yet dynamic and monumental sculpture is laboriously constituted piece by piece, almost as if he were rebuilding after some cataclysmic event rather than starting from scratch....

Article

Turkish, 20th century, male.

Installation artist.

Vahap Avsar took part in the Biennale of contemporary art in Havana in 1994.

Article

Lebanese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1975, in Odeissé (Ras el Dekwaneh), Lebanon.

Painter, installation artist.

War imagery, figures.

Ayman Baalbaki was born in 1975 at the beginning of a brutal 15-year Lebanese civil war and Israeli occupation. Following the war, his family fled their home in southern Lebanon near the Israeli border and relocated to a Jewish quarter in downtown Beirut, Wadi Abu Jamil. Baalbaki grew up in a family of painters and went on to obtain a degree in painting and sculpting from the Institute of Fine Arts at the Lebanese University of Beirut (...

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Born 12 August 1933, in Vilnius, Lithuania.

Painter (including mixed media), watercolourist, pastellist. Still-lifes, landscapes.

Samuel Bak settled in Israel in 1948, where he studied at the Bezalel art school. In 1956 he went to Paris, where he attended the École des Beaux-Arts. In 1959 he moved to Rome, and in 1966 he resettled in Israel with periods in New York City (1974-77) and Paris (1980-84). In 1984 he moved to Switzerland. He employs a traditional narrative style in the manner of Bruegel and Bosch to paint ‘innocent’ subjects such as landscapes and still-lifes, contriving to ‘pervert’ them in a surrealistic manner; thus, a pear got up in a piece of cloth and cinched by a belt suddenly emerges as a breast protruding from a brassiere. Equally, a still-life by Samuel Bak may feature certain components only in silhouette or, for example, a section of a stem glass that emerges as a ‘window’ on the landscape beyond....

Article

Lebanese, 20th century, male.

Born 12 July 1942, in Beirut.

Painter, sculptor, photographer, video artist.

Kinetic Art.

Roland Baladi permutated various techniques, notably drawings and photographs, to produce the Photograms he exhibited in Beirut in 1962. In 1971, Roland Baladi exhibited a piece entitled Cinetone...