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Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 31 December 1849, in St Gall; died 1921, in Planegg.

Architect, painter, decorative designer, theorist. Designs (furniture/fabrics/metal objects/ceramics).

Jugendstil.

From 1868 to 1871 Hans Eduard von Berlepsch-Valendas was a student of architecture with Gottfried Sempers in Zurich. After graduating he abandoned architecture while he was living in Frankfurt, to go and train as a painter in Munich (...

Article

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1866, in Lubaczów; died 1924, in Cracow.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative artist, ceramicist, sculptor, designer. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes. Furniture.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Debicki studied at the Akademie der bildenden Künste in Vienna from 1881 to 1884, then in Munich, Paris, Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine) and Cracow. He first settled in Lemberg and began teaching in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1957, in Lille.

Painter. Figure compositions. Designs for carpets, furniture, ceramics and objets d'art.

Marie Ducaté lives and works in Marseilles. Her paintings present male nudes, alone or with others, in interiors or paradisal landscapes. These works disconcert by placing men in poses that in classical iconography are normally associated with the female. They recline languidly within kitsch interiors, with every detail of furnishing meticulously delineated. The effect is consciously heightened by the fact that the scene may comprise elements borrowed from the history of art, such as a Cubist floor or some drapery in the style of the Renaissance. Since ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 15 May 1868, in Oberspaar, near Meissen (Saxony).

Sculptor, modeller (porcelain). Genre scenes.

Eichler worked at the Meissen porcelain factory before attending the industrial art and design school and the art academy in Dresden. From 1899 onwards he showcased his works at fine arts and decorative arts exhibitions in Dresden, Berlin, Düsseldorf, Hanover and elsewhere....

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1911, in Barba; died 1998.

Sculptor, potter. Figures, animals.

Fabbri was a pupil at the school of industrial art and design in Pistoia, then went on to study at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Florence, where he worked with terracotta. In ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

(b Viipuri (now Vyborg, Russia) 1911; d Santorini, Greece, 1989).

Finnish ceramic and glass designer. In 1945 he joined Arabia porcelain factory, where he dispensed with the notion of the china set in favour of mix and match tableware. His best known series was ‘Kilta’ (designed in 1948, sold from 1953 and relaunched in 1981 as ‘Teema’), which was available in several colours and was enormously practical: he dispensed with decorative rims and shaped the surfaces so that they could be easily stacked. He also worked for the Nuutajärvi glassworks, for whom he produced both functional glass and decorative pieces. In both ceramics and glass, Kaj was probably the most influential designer of the 20th century....

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 1889, in the Hautes-Pyrenées; died 28 January 1966, in Toulouse.

Painter, designer. Animals. Designs for carpets, designs (fabrics/ceramics/furniture).

Hélène Gasset-Housset exhibited in Paris at the Salon des Artistes Indépendants, the Salon d'Automne, the Salon des Artistes Décorateurs and the Salon des Femmes Peintres et Sculpteurs. She designed jewellery, carpets, fabrics, lacquer ware, ceramics, furniture and bindings. All her work is characterised by the richness of the materials used. Her major decorative pieces, often lacquer ware, are almost always based on animal themes....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 15 February 1883, in Marktheidenfeld; died 15 February 1964, in Nuremberg.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator. Landscapes with figures, landscapes. Designs (ex-libris/fabrics/furniture/porcelain).

Jugendstil.

After losing his mother at a very early age, Hermann Gradl was brought up by his father's family, with one of his cousins, Hermann Gradl Sr, a Jugendstil artist who was highly thought of at the time. He was first trained at the Städtische Gewerbeschule, Munich, then in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 January 1869, in Fürstenfeldbruck, near Munich; died 5 October 1934, in Dresden.

Sculptor, decorative designer, draughtsman. Designs (furniture, porcelain, jewels).

Karl Gross studied at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich from 1885 to 1888, then completed his training under the supervision of Fritz von Miller. In ...

Article

Ellen Paul Denker

(b Helsinki, Aug 19, 1899; d 1973).

American potter and teacher of Finnish birth. She studied at the School of Industrial Art in Helsinki and then under Alfred William Finch (1854–1930), a Belgian potter working in Helsinki, for six years. She arrived in the USA in 1927 and studied with Charles Fergus Binns at Alfred University, Alfred, NY. She taught in several institutions including the Henry Street Settlement House, New York City, and Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, before being invited in 1938 to teach at the Cranbrook Academy of Art, Bloomfield Hills, MI, one of the foremost art schools in America. At Cranbrook Grotell’s work developed from low-fired figurative pots to simplified geometric forms in stoneware and porcelain. She experimented with glazes and glaze effects, especially those using ash, copper, chrome and iron; Albany slip (dark brown) and Bristol glaze (thick and white) were among her favourites. Grotell was in charge of the ceramic department at Cranbrook until she retired in ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

(b 1855; d 1915).

French architect, interior designer, potter and collector. His Paris workshop undertook interior decoration, furniture design, woodwork and ironwork. He decorated three rooms at the Exposition Universelle of 1900; his floral decoration was in an Art Nouveau style. When his friend Jean(-Joseph-Marie) Carriès died, Hoentschel took over his pottery studio in Montriveau, and thereafter Carriès’s workers produced stoneware that Hoentschel integrated in his furniture. His collections of French art of the 17th and 18th centuries and of Asian art, acquired by J. Pierpont Morgan and now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, influenced the style of his own work....

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1847, in Môtiers; died 1927.

Painter, potter. Mountainscapes.

Gustave Jeanneret studied initially in Switzerland before moving in 1867 to Paris, where he worked as a furniture designer in order to earn a living. At the same time, he studied painting as and when he could, and was particularly drawn to the socially-conscious Realists of the 19th century such as Millet, Courbet and Bastien-Lepage. He then returned to Switzerland and began painting landscapes, rapidly emerging as the leading painter of this type of painting in the Neuchâtel/Fribourg region. He exhibited in Neuchâtel....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1910; died 1964.

Ceramicist, designer, decorative artist. Designs for furniture, objets d'art.

Jouve was an important figure in the applied arts during the 1950s.

Faré, Michel: Georges Jouve, Art et Industrie, Paris, 1965.

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1874, in Neustadt bei Leipzig; died 1947, in Erbach/Westerwald.

Painter, draughtsman, interior designer, graphic designer. Designs (furniture, fabrics, porcelain, precious metals, jewels).

Jugendstil.

Erich Kleinhempel first trained with Oskar Haebler in his graphics studio in Dresden, then entered the Kunstgewerbeschule in Dresden, where he studied ...

Article

Austrian, 20th century, female.

Painter. Designs (glassware, furniture, fabrics, jewels, ceramics).

Antoinette Krasnik was a student of Kolo Moser at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Vienna. She settled in Italy in 1906. She supplied models of vases with abstract decoration.

Karlsruhe (Badisches Landesmus.): Pendant

Vienna (MAK, Österreichisches Mus. für angewandte Kunst)...

Article

German, 20th century, female.

Born 1877, in Pirna; died 1968, in Dresden.

Draughtswoman, fabric designer. Designs for carpets, designs (furniture/ceramics/fabrics/jewels).

Charlotte Krause was trained in drawing at Dresden and Munich. In the early 1900s, she was a member of the Dresdener Werkstätten für Handwerkskunst (Dresden Studios). The studios were a very important centre for the creation of decorative art and around the turn of the century they had a significant part to play in the flowering of artistic activity of which the Dresden region was the focus. She also belonged to the Deutsche Werkstätten in Hellerau, near Dresden. She went on to specialise in fabric creation. She lived with her sister Gertrud Krause, a goldsmith, at Hellerau. She exhibited her creations in Dresden. The shape of her objects is determined by functionalism, and the decoration is based on a geometric approach combined with floral decoration and sometimes with animal motifs. Her work, together with that of other artists, was rediscovered thanks to the important Jugendstil exhibition in Dresden in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 30 September 1864, in Lörrach; died 12 December 1952, in Lörrach.

Painter, architect, draughtsman, sculptor, potter. Designs (fabrics/furniture/ceramics).

Max Laeuger began training as a painter in 1881 at the Kunstgewerbeschule, Karlsruhe under Franz Sales Mayer, before finishing his studies at the Académie Julian, Paris, from ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 13 December 1871, in Dittersbach/Erzgebirge; died 2 October 1941, in Darmstadt.

Designer, architect, painter, decorative designer. Glassware, furniture, ceramics, objets d'art.

Darmstadt Artists' Colony.

Albin Müller trained as a carpenter but also taught himself architecture. He studied at the Kunstgewerbeschule, Dresden, in ...

Article

Alan Powers

Stylistic term applied to the revival in the UK in the late 19th century and the 20th of the classical Georgian style of domestic architecture and interior and furniture design from the period 1714–1830. Similar, contemporary revivals of late 18th- and early 19th-century Georgian colonial styles also took place in such countries as the USA and Australia (see Colonial Revival). Neo-Georgian was one of the most popular architectural styles in the UK between 1900 and 1930; it continued to be employed despite the advent of Modernism, and in the 1980s a new phase of popularity began, stimulated by the anti-modernist, eclectic and pluralist trends of Post-modernism.

The origins of the Neo-Georgian style can be found in the 1860s. The house (1860–62; destr.) at 2 Palace Green, Kensington, London, designed for William Makepeace Thackeray by Frederick Hering (1800–69), who drew on Thackeray’s sketches, was an early, isolated example reflecting a literary interest in the 18th century. Another precursor is ...