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Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1 February 1960, in New York.

Sculptor, assemblage artist, graphic artist.

Nayland Blake studied at Bard College, Annandale on Hudson, NY, receiving his BFA there. In 1984 he obtained a MFA from the California Institute of Arts in Valencia, CA. Blake is a conceptual artist, concentrating primarily on themes of racial, sexual and personal identities, with emphasis on the threat of AIDS and the gay identity. His early works, such as ...

Article

Cecilia Suárez

(b Quito, Sept 8, 1939).

Ecuadorean painter, graphic designer, sculptor, installation artist, architect and teacher. He studied architecture at the Universidad Nacional de Bogotá, Colombia. He worked for the Graham Foundation and the National Endowment for the Arts, Washington, DC, and received a grant to attend the Center for Advanced Visual Studies at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, where he worked with György Kepes. Later he became a professor at the arts faculty of the Universidad Central, Quito. Bueno worked first in graphic design before going on to experiment with the incorporation of technology into art, using laser beams, mechanical pumps, plastic, glass and such elements as water, fire and air, for example in 49 Tubes, exhibited at the Bienal de Arte Coltejer in Medellín in 1972. He also combined visual art with music in such works as Flame Orchards, with music by Paul Earls, which won joint first prize with Kepes in the same exhibition. Exploration into ecological and environmental art led him to experiment with the idea of an aerial view of the urban landscape incorporating military camouflage sheets....

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in Antwerp.

Painter, sculptor, watercolourist, graphic designer, mixed media.

Albert Debois studied at the Institut des Arts Décoratifs in Antwerp from 1954-1957 and then under Octave Landuyt at the Ghent state college from 1957-1959.

His work evolved from painting to relief. His painting period came to an end in ...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1934.

Born 9 November 1915, in Timisoara; died 11 April 2005, in Grisy-lès-Plâtres (Val-d'Oise), France.

Painter, sculptor of assemblages, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist. Landscapes, figures. Comic cartoons, stage costumes and sets.

André Farkas studied at the school of art in Budapest. He arrived in France in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Sculptor, collage artist.

Henri Foucault has specialised in photograms since 1991, using metal filament to draw white figures on to photographic paper exposed to the light, necessarily working within a very short time frame. He assembles his forms and arranges his volumes on large panels or uses them as models for some of his sculptures. To produce these, he explores a range of materials including carpeting, blotting paper and vinyl. He showed his work in solo exhibitions in ...

Article

Horacio Safons

(b Buenos Aires, Jan 14, 1915; d Barcelona, Oct 14, 1965).

Argentine painter, sculptor, performance artist, conceptual artist, poet and illustrator. After studying in Buenos Aires at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes and with Cecilia Marcovich and Tomás Maldonado, he quickly established a reputation for his scandalous views, attracting extreme disapproval and equally strong support. After delivering a lecture at the Juan Cristóbal bookshop, Buenos Aires, entitled ‘Alberto Greco y los pájaros’ he was briefly imprisoned for his ‘Communism and subversive acts’. On his release in the same year he travelled to Paris on a French government grant, selling drawings and watercolours in the cafés and studying painting with Fernand Léger and printmaking with Johnny Friedlaender. Between 1956 and 1958 he lived in São Paulo, where he became aware of Art informel; he painted in this style in the late 1950s and early 1960s (Glusberg, pp. 284–5).

As early as 1959, when he had returned from São Paulo to Buenos Aires, Greco had expressed his corrosive vision of society through the form of his work. In his shows he exhibited tree trunks and rags for cleaning window gratings or floors. He moved again to Paris in ...

Article

Palestinian, 20th–21st century, female.

Active in England since 1975.

Born 1952, in Beirut.

Sculptor, installation artist, photographer. Multimedia.

Mona Hatoum studied graphic design at Beirut University College before settling in London in 1975, during civil war in Lebanon. In London she studied at the Byam Shaw School of Art and the Slade School of Fine Art. In the 1980s she began making video and performance works incorporating themes of exile and the body, such as ...

Article

Canadian First Nations (Dunne-Zaa/Beaver), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1970, in Fort St. John (British Columbia).

Sculpture, painting, graphic art, mixed media, installation art.

Born in rural British Columbia in 1970, Jungen was actively interested in drawing as a child. Both his mother (Dunne-Zaa) and father (Swiss-Canadian) died when he was young. After high school, he moved to Vancouver and completed a Diploma in Visual Art at Emily Carr College of Art in ...

Article

Hungarian, 20th century, male.

Born 21 March 1887, in Érsekujvár; died 1967, in Budapest.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, graphic designer, engraver, collage artist, sculptor.

Dadaism, Constructivism.

Lajos Kassák ran away from home aged 13. He started his working life as a blacksmith and locksmith. He came into contact with the workers' movement and contributed to the Social Democrat magazine ...

Article

Latvian, 20th century, male.

Born 4 January 1895 , in Rŭjiena, Latvia; died 26 February 1938 , in Moscow

Painter, collage artist, photomontage artist, poster artist, lithographer, sculptor.

Constructivism, Vhutemas, Productivism, Suprematism.

Unovis, October.

Gustav Klucis studied at the City Art School in Riga (1913-1915), then at the school of design under the aegis of the Imperial Society for the Fostering of Art (1915-1917) in Petrograd (now St Petersburg). He completed his training at Vasily Meshkov’s school of design and painting, Il’ya Mashkov’s studio in the State Free Art Studio (Svoma) in Moscow, and the higher artistic and technical workshops (Vkhutemas) under the direction of Kazimir Malevich and Antoine Pevsner. An associate member of the INKhUK (Institute of Artistic Culture) productivist group in Moscow from 1921 to 1925, he taught courses at the Vkhutemas from 1924 to 1930. He was a founder member of the October group in 1928....

Article

Isabelle Monod-Fontaine

(b Paris, Feb 18, 1885; d Paris, May 5, 1954).

French sculptor, collagist, printmaker and illustrator. He came from a family of coopers and c. 1899 joined the studio of a sculptor of building ornaments, practising direct carving on building sites and studying academic drawings in the evenings. In 1902 he settled in the Montmartre district of Paris, where in 1905 he met Marthe Duverger, whom he later married. His portrait of Marthe and other early works, most of which were later destroyed or lost, followed the example of Auguste Rodin. In spite of working in difficult and isolated conditions from 1905 to 1911, he managed to free himself from the influence of Rodin and other contemporary artists and began to study French Romanesque and Gothic sculpture, both from reproductions and by travelling around the Ile-de-France. After one of his legs was amputated in 1909, he lived briefly in the artists’ studio complex La Ruche in Montparnasse; on his return to Montmartre in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in New York City.

Born 18 September 1951, in Santa Monica (California).

Sculptor, installation artist, performance artist, poster artist.

Computer Art (Virtual Art).

Matt Mullican attended the California Institute of the Arts, Valencia, where he studied with the conceptual artist John Baldessari, obtaining a BFA in ...

Article

Pavlos  

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1958.

Born 1930, in Filiatra (Peloponnese).

Collage artist, sculptor, poster artist. Stage sets.

Even though Pavlos was a student at the fine arts school in Athens from 1949 to 1953, he only truly discovered painting in 1954...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1963, in Hildesheim.

Sculptor, draughtsman, installation artist.

Manfred Pernice did a course in painting and graphic arts at the Hildesheim academy of arts, followed by a course in sculpture at the Hochschule der Künste in Berlin in 1988. He lives and works in Berlin. His preoccupations derive from the huge transformation of the city where he lives. The structures he comes up with are simple to look at: made of planks of wood or bits of card on which the artist can stick posters or photos, they are akin to little houses, boxes and furniture, and are constantly evolving. The preparatory drawings for the construction of his installations are part of the work. The elements can be reused to create other works. His sculptures are 'architectural' in the sense that they refer - on different scales - to dwelling structures, or metropolitan traffic and places of exchange....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 10 January 1947, in Paris.

Collage artist, sculptor of assemblages, installation artist.

Philippe Rivemale studied engraving under Jean Clerté in 1966 and attended the École Etienne until 1969, studying graphic design. From 1969 to 1974, he visited the USA on numerous occasions, working in various fields, including film animation and advertising. He returned to France in ...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 18 January 1954, in Nuremberg, Germany.

Sculptor (mixed media), graphic artist.

Kiki Smith was born in Germany, but grew up in New Jersey. Her father was the sculptor Tony Smith, and as a child she helped him make cardboard models for his geometric models, thereby learning about Formalism and Minimalism. She studied at Hartford Art School (1974–1976), and has also trained in industrial baking and as an Emergency Medical Technician. She has lived in New York since 1976 and was associated with Collaborative Projects Inc. there through the early 1980s. Influences on her work include Eva Hesse, Louise Bourgeois and Lee Bontecou....

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1899; died 1982.

Sculptor, graphic designer, poster artist, photomontage artist. Stage sets.

Constructivism.

Vladimir's path is inseparable from that of his brother Georgiy, up until the latter's death in 1933. They were the sons of a Swedish painter who took on Russian citizenship. From ...

Article

Morgan Falconer

(b Lakewood, Ohio, 1930; d Paris, May 7, 2014).

American painter, sculptor and conceptual artist. Although notoriously reluctant to reveal biographical details including her date or place of birth, she went on record as having studied at a remarkable number of institutions including the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Art Students’ League in New York, the University of Iowa, the University of Zurich and Columbia University in New York. She quickly rose to notoriety in the late 1960s for her appropriation of famous images by contemporary Pop artists. Her choice of artistic models was carefully made, as the Pop artists had themselves mimicked the appearance of found objects and ready-made images from advertising, commercial art and photography. One of her first such works was a copy of Jasper Johns’s Flag exhibited at a group exhibition in 1965; in 1966 she held a solo exhibition consisting entirely of reproductions of screenprinted paintings from Andy Warhol’s ...

Article

Janet Koplos

(b Fuefuki, Yamanashi Prefecture, Jan 2, 1969).

Japanese sculptor and installation artist. A Tokyo-based graphic-design graduate of Tama Art University, Tokyo (1992), Suda briefly worked in the design field. Exposed to wood-carving in art school, he began to use both traditional Japanese techniques and those of his own devising and to present his work in unconventional installations.

Suda replicated and interpreted flowers and other plants in fine-grained magnolia wood through realistic, life-size carving and painting. The artist, raised in the countryside, came to this subject after moving to the mega-metropolis of Tokyo. He favoured familiar plants and also selected motifs according to the flora around museum venues. The magnolia – in the form of a blossom, bud, seed pod, twig, or leaf – was a frequent motif and was featured in exhibitions at D’Amelio Terras Gallery (2000) and the Asia Society (2010) in New York City and at the Contemporary Museum, Honolulu (...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 26 July 1956, in Besançon.

Sculptor, installation artist. Multimedia.

Gilles Touyard takes an image from a sales catalogue or a pornographic magazine or a photo reproduction of a work of art and creates a rubber model which he inflates to produce a distorted version of the original. He then goes on to explore various stages of 'inflation' and 'deflation', using the accompanying sounds to suggest breathing. His ...