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Article

Christine Mullen Kreamer

(b Jan 25, 1930; d Lomé, Jan 4, 2010).

Togolese painter, sculptor, engraver, stained glass designer, potter and textile designer. Beginning in 1946, he received his secondary education in Dakar, where he also worked in an architecture firm. He travelled to France and received his diplôme supérieur from the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris. A versatile artist, Ahyi is best known for his murals and for monumental stone, marble and cement public sculptures. His work reflects the fusion of his Togolese roots, European training and an international outlook, and he counts among his influences Moore, Braque, Modigliani, Tamayo, Siqueiros and Tall. His work combines ancient and modern themes and materials, maternity being a prominent topic. The messages of his larger, public pieces operate on a broad level to appeal to the general populace, while smaller works often reflect his private engagement with challenges confronting the human condition. His compositions are both abstract and figurative and evoke the heroism and hope of the two world wars, Togo's colonial period and the struggle for independence from France, as well as the political efforts of the peoples of Vietnam, South Africa and Palestine. Ahyi has won numerous international prizes, including the prize of the city of Lyon (...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1941, in Aricò.

Sculptor, painter, glassmaker. Religious subjects, figures, animals.

Gianni Aricò received a diploma in architecture from Venice University in 1971. In 1974 he set up his sculpture studio in the de-consecrated church of S Andrea della Zirada in Venice....

Article

(b Aelst [now Aalst], Aug 14, 1502; d Brussels, Dec 6, 1550).

South Netherlandish painter, sculptor, architect and designer of woodcuts, stained glass and tapestries. Son of the Deputy Mayor of the village of Aelst, he was married twice, first to Anna van Dornicke (d 1529), the daughter of the Antwerp painter Jan Mertens, who may have been his teacher; they had two children, Michel van Coecke and Pieter van Coecke II (before 1527–59), the latter of whom became a painter. He later married Mayken Verhulst, herself a painter of miniatures and the mother of three children, Pauwel, Katelijne and Maria; they are shown with their parents in Coecke’s Family Portrait (Zurich, Ksthaus). Mayken is credited with having taught the technique of painting in tempera on cloth to her son-in-law, Pieter Bruegel the elder, who married Maria in 1563. (For family tree see Bruegel family.) Van Mander also stated that Bruegel was Coecke’s apprentice, an allegation no longer universally accepted in view of their substantial stylistic differences. Although the names of other students of Coecke’s, including ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 27 February 1896; died June 1964.

Watercolourist, pastellist, painter (gouache), engraver, illustrator, sculptor. Figures, nudes, portraits, interiors with figures, still-lifes, landscapes, architectural views. Designs for stained glass.

Pierre Albert Génolhac studied at the Nice art school from 1917 to 1918...

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Born before 1275, in Siena; died June 1330, in Orvieto.

Architect, sculptor, glass painter.

Lorenzo Maitani was the son of the sculptor Vitale di Lorenzo, known as Matano. He worked on the Duomo (cathedral) of Siena, and around the year 1308...

Article

Clara Gelao

[Nicola]

(fl 1229).

Italian sculptor and architect. In 1229 Nicolaus ‘priest and master’ signed the ambo in Bitonto Cathedral. The ambo, one of the most exquisite medieval works of art in Apulia, is decorated with coloured putty and glass inserted into the honeycombed marble (sottosquadro technique). Its design is based on 11th-century prototypes: there is a semi-cylindrical lectern with the bookrest resting on an eagle supported by an atlas figure. A relief on the stairway to the ambo is decorated with four figures (one seated) placed under small arches. Various identifications have been proposed for these, but Schaller suggested that they represented the four emperors of the Hohenstaufen dynasty (Frederick Barbarossa, Henry VI, Frederick II and his heir, later Conrad IV) and that they were related to a sermon given in Bitonto in 1228 by Abbot Nicolaus of Bari in honour of Frederick II; he did not exclude the possibility of the sculptor and the prelate being the same person. The ambo was dismantled in the 18th century, when some panels were reused in a quadrangular pulpit. Nicolaus is also credited with a font in Bitonto Cathedral and some of the capitals of the external gallery of the building, which are carved with foliate motifs in the ...

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active in Milan and in Pavia.

Painter, glassmaker, sculptor, architect.

Antonio da Pandino the Elder was the son or father of Stefano da Pandino. He made stained glass windows for the Pavia Charterhouse, in particular one depicting St Michael Slaying the Dragon...

Article

Belgian, 19th century, male.

Born 6 September 1810, in Mechelen; died 28 June 1873, in Mechelen.

Glass painter, sculptor, architect.

Jean François Pluys was a professor in Mechelen in 1829. He made stained glass windows for churches throughout Belgium.

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 20 June 1868, in Munich; died 15 April 1957, in Munich.

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer, designer, architect, interior designer. Genre scenes. Furniture, fabrics, ceramic, glassware, carpets, toys.

Richard Riemerschmid trained in painting at the Kunstakademie of Munich from 1888...

Article

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Active in Valladolid.

Glass painter.

Guillem de Santagut made the stained glass windows for the church of Ciudad Rodrigo around 1556. The sculptor and architect Juan de Juni held him in high esteem and the two men often worked on joint projects....

Article

Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Sculptor, glass painter.

Also an architect, between 1529 and 1541 Sixdeniers carved sculptures and painted windows for the chapel of the Holy Blood, Bruges.

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1931 and naturalised from 1940.

Born 18 March 1911, in Konstanz, to a German mother and an Italian father; died 2 July 2006, in Meudon.

Sculptor. Architectural integration, designs for tapestries, designs for stained glass.

Originally of dual nationality, François Stahly opted for Italian nationality when he came of age. In ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1930.

Born 31 August 1910 , in Malmédy, in Cologne, according to official records; died 22 March 1985 , in Dieudonné (Oise), France.

Painter (including gouache), sculptor (including slate), engraver, mosaicist, lithographer, illustrator, draughtsman, photographer. Designs for stained glass, tapestries, postage stamps, architectural integration...

Article

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1540, in Toledo; died 11 December 1606, in Toledo.

Glass painter, sculptor, architect, miniaturist.

Nicolas de Vergara the Younger was the older son and pupil of Nicolas de Vergara the Elder. He assisted his father and completed the stained glass in Toledo Cathedral in collaboration with his brother Juan. In ...

Article

Norwegian, 20th century, male.

Born 16 October 1892, in Solberg.

Painter, potter, sculptor. Designs for stained glass.

Dagfin Werenskiold was the son and pupil of Erik Werenskiold. He sculpted busts and groups, and architectural subjects.

Oslo (Nasjonalgal.): Studies of a Head; The Violinist Jörgen Tjonstaulen...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in France after 1947 (naturalised French citizen 1965).

Born 29 May 1922, in Braila, Romania; died 4 February 2001, in Paris.

Sculptor. Architectural integration, stained glass designs.

Iannis Xenakis studied civil engineering at the Athens polytechnic but his studies were interrupted by World War II and then the civil war in Greece. In ...