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Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 12 October 1854, in Edinburgh; died 1929, in North Berwick.

Painter (including gouache). Interiors with figures, landscapes, urban landscapes, gardens, urban views, architectural views, interiors, portraits.

Having studied at the Royal Scottish Academy under George Paul Chalmers and MacTaggart, Patrick Adam went on to exhibit at the Royal Scottish Academy at the age of 18 and at the London Royal Academy ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1897, in Topeka (Kansas); died 1966, in Albuquerque.

Painter. Landscapes.

Kenneth Miller Adams was a landscape artist who exhibited at the Salon d'Automne in 1922.

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1900, in Berchem; died 1976, in Antwerp.

Painter, watercolourist. Nudes, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

Ernest Albert studied at the fine art academy in Antwerp and under the landscape artist Franz Courtens at the Antwerp Higher Institute. He became a founder member of the ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in Germany.

Painter. Portraits, genre scenes.

Dietrich Alberts participated in the Berlin Exhibition of 1910 with the following paintings: Music, Female Doctors, Portrait of the Landscape Artist Widhagen.

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Active in Rouen at the beginning of the 20th century.

Born in Rouen.

Landscape artist.

Noémie Allard-Frère exhibited landscapes of Brittany at the Salon des Indépendants in 1907 and 1910.

Article

Gordon Campbell

(b Tel Aviv, 1951).

Israeli designer, active in Britain. In 1981 Arad founded, with Caroline Thorman, One Off Ltd, a design studio, workshops and showroom in Covent Garden, London. In 1989, again with Caroline Thorman, he founded Ron Arad Associates, an architecture and design practice in Chalk Farm. In 1994 he established the Ron Arad Studio in Como (Italy). His most famous design is the Rover Chair, which recycled used Rover car seats. He has long had an interest in the use of steel, and the Bookwork bookshelves (...

Article

Latvian, 20th century, male.

Born 15 January 1908, in Riga; died 13 January 1997.

Painter.

Until 1933, Ansis Artums was a pupil of the Post-Impressionist landscape artist Vilhelms Pruvitis at the academy of art in Riga. He lived in Tukums and participated in many collective exhibitions including the ...

Article

Catherine Lampert

(b Berlin, April 29, 1931).

British painter and printmaker of German birth. He was sent to England in 1939 and moved from school in Kent to London in 1947, where he began attending art classes at Hampstead Garden Suburb Institute and acting in fringe theatre. From 1947 to 1948 he studied at Borough Polytechnic under David Bomberg, whose teaching was especially valuable in its emphasis on risk and on seeking an organic, unified form. Auerbach continued in Bomberg’s evening life classes while at St Martin’s School of Art (1948–52). He considered his first original achievement to have been Summer Building Site (1952; Mrs P. Hill priv. col., see 1986 exh. cat., p. 8), of a scene at Earls Court; this was rather geometric and painted in formal, prismatic colour, but much of his early work was thickly and laboriously impastoed in earth colours, as in Head of E. O. W. (1955...

Article

James D. Kornwolf

(b Ramsgate, Oct 23, 1865; d Brighton, Feb 10, 1945).

English architect, interior designer, garden designer and writer . He was articled to Charles Davis (1827–1902), City Architect of Bath, from 1886 until 1889 but learnt little and was largely self-taught. In 1889 he started his own practice on the Isle of Man, where he built a number of buildings, including his own Red House, Douglas (1893). He was a leading member of the second-generation Arts and Crafts Movement in Britain and was among the first to build on the simpler, more abstract and stylized designs of C. F. A. Voysey, a refinement of the ideas of William Morris, Philip Webb, R. Norman Shaw and others from the period 1860–90. From about 1890 until World War I, the Arts and Crafts Movement, as represented by Baillie Scott, Voysey, C. R. Ashbee, Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Parker & Unwin and others, became the most important international force in architecture, interior design, landscape and urban planning. The work of these architects influenced Adolf Loos and Josef Hoffmann in Austria, Joseph Maria Olbrich and Peter Behrens in Germany, Eliel Saarinen and others in Scandinavia, and Frank Lloyd Wright, Irving Gill, Greene & Greene in the USA....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born in Bordeaux.

Painter. Landscapes.

René Baladès was a pupil of the landscape artist Louis Cabié. He exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français in Paris between 1926 and 1929.

Article

Jean-Louis Cohen

(b Vichy, April 1, 1907; d Vichy, May 30, 1989).

French architect, urban planner and writer . Immediately after his studies at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, he presented designs for a ‘garden city for intellectuals’ at the Salon d’Automne of 1934. He then entered the Institut d’Urbanisme of the University of Paris, where he was much taken with the teaching of the architectural historian Marcel Poëte (1866–1951). He established a reputation in 1937 with La Rome de Mussolini, in which he unreservedly celebrated il Duce’s urban development policy. He worked with Jacques Gréber, the chief architect of the Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne of 1937, and in 1941 he published Problèmes d’urbanisme, in which he set out for the first time a global manifesto linking both spatial and social factors. He was particularly opposed to the planning principles on which Le Corbusier based the sunburst layout of his Ville radieuse, but he commended the functionalist designs of Alexander Klein to a French audience in ...

Article

Nadine Pouillon

(b Château-Renault, Indre-et-Loire, April 24, 1873; d Montoire-sur-le-Loir, nr Vendôme, Aug 12, 1958).

French painter. Like many naive artists, he discovered his vocation for drawing and painting late in life. His work as a gardener in Touraine awakened his love of nature, and he educated himself by reading history and mythology and by travelling in central and western France. He was mobilized in World War I and was sent to Greece to take part in the Dardanelles campaign; on his return to France his drawing skills were recognized by the Army and he was put in charge of charting and rangefinding. It was this experience that encouraged him to become a painter in 1919.

Bauchant exhibited his work for the first time at the Salon d’Automne in 1921. His flower pictures were soon succeeded by subjects from history, such as Louis XI Having Mulberry Bushes Planted near Tours (1943; Paris, Pompidou), from mythology, as in Cleopatra, on her Way to Anthony (...

Article

Danish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 September 1873, in Nestved.

Painter, draughtsman. Portraits, landscapes.

Aage Bertelsen was the son of Rudolf Bertelsen, the landscape artist and professor. From 1906 to 1908 he formed part of the team that was preparing for the 1908 expedition to Greenland. On his return, his drawings and paintings of the polar regions were exhibited in Copenhagen....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born in Blois.

Landscape artist.

Arthur Besnard exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Indépendants in 1910.

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1855, in Gruissan (Aude); died 1936, in Avignon.

Painter. Landscapes.

Bill settled in Toulon as a painter and photographer around 1884, then in Avignon where he studied under the landscape artist Paul Sain. From 1888, he regularly contributed works to the Salon des Artistes Français, where he received an honourable mention in ...

Article

Norwegian, 20th century, male.

Born 4 November 1877, in Norway.

Painter, engraver (etching).

Benjamin Blessum was a self-taught landscape artist who worked directly from nature.

Article

Brent Elliott

Garden in Gwynedd, Wales. It was laid out from 1874 by Edward Milner (1819–84) for Henry Davis Pochin, an industrial chemist, with further improvements undertaken in the early 20th century by Pochin’s descendants. Milner’s initial design confined Bodnant’s formal and architectural features—most notably a laburnum archway and beds of flowering shrubs—to the curtilage of the house, while an extensive lawn, artificial rockworks by James Pulham (c. 1820–98) and a conifer collection filled the rest of the grounds. Between 1905 and 1914 Pochin’s grandson, Henry Duncan McLaren, 2nd Baron Aberconway (1879–1953), carved the lawn into a series of five Italianate terraces of individual character (including one with a buttressed wall and formal water-lily pool) and a canal terrace. This last terrace was provided with trelliswork and an open-air stage backed by yew hedges, and it was further supplemented in 1938 by the Pin Mill, a small industrial building of ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born in Niort.

Painter. Portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

Jean Bonnet was above all a landscape artist. He exhibited his paintings at the Salon d'Automne (between 1919 and 1931), the Salon of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts (between 1927 and 1938) and the Salon des Artistes Indépendants (...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1937, in Ukkel.

Painter, draughtsman. Landscapes, architectural views, gardens, flowers. Stage costumes and sets.

Painted nostalgic views of baroque and Romanesque châteaux, royal gardens, landscapes and flowers.

Bosquet, Thierry/Dasnoy, Philippe: Versailles Disparu, Société des Amis de Versailles, Éd. Acatos, Lausanne, 2001....

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Painter. Landscapes, gardens, interiors with figures, still-lifes (flowers).

Denise Bourdouxhe is from the Nord region and lives and paints in St-Rémy-de-Provence. Her principal subject is gardens which she paints in broad, bold strokes, focusing more on colour than on form.

Paris...