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Article

Russian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 10 May 1866, in St Petersburg; died 28 December 1924, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator. Portraits, nudes, genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes. Stage sets, stage costumes, posters.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Mir Iskusstva (World of Art) group...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1863, in Abstatt bei Heilbronn; died 1919, in Schwäbischgmünd.

Engraver. Jewellery.

Jugendstil.

Hermann Bauer learned engraving with Peter Bruckmann in Heilbronn. He started his own jewellery company, Bauer & Jäger, in 1862.

Hase, Ulrike von: Schmuck in Deutschland und Österrreich. Symbolismus, Jugendstil, Neohistorismus...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1877, in Munich; died, died during World War I (1914-1918).

Worker in precious metals, metal worker, engraver. Jewellery.

Jugendstil.

Karl Johann Bauer learned metalwork, then worked in Munich for Rothmüller, Lohr & Steinicken. He also took lessons at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich. He taught metalwork at the Debschitz Schule, a school of applied art in Munich founded by Wilhelm Debschitz and Hermann Obrist in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1873, in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland).

Worker in precious metals. Designs (jewellery).

Jugendstil.

Arthur Berger was the son of a precious metal worker. After his training he worked in the studio of a jewellery-maker in Dresden. He taught at the Lehr und Versuchswerkstätte in Stuttgart. He worked after designs by Johann Vincenz von Cissarz, Kleinhempel and Karl Gross, among others....

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Potter, sculptor, architect. Jewellery.

Jugendstil.

Hermann Robert Bichweiler was active between 1872 and 1893 in Hamburg, where he had his own studio. His ornaments are characteristic of a specific style peculiar to Hamburg.

Hamburg (Mus. für Kunst und Gewerbe)

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 6 March 1866, in Flensburg; died 5 January 1945, in Wiesbaden.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, decorative designer, graphic designer. Portraits, landscapes, urban landscapes, still-lifes, flowers, decorative motifs. Designs for carpets, designs (furniture/posters/jewellery/book-binding).

Jugendstil.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven)...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 19 November 1865, in Hamburg; died 11 June 1902, in Badenweiler.

Painter, decorative artist, illustrator, engraver, designer, ceramicist, textile designer. Portraits, landscapes, flowers. Designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries, ex-libris plates, advertising posters, fabrics, ceramics, metal objects, ironware, lamps, furniture, typefaces, jewellery, wallpaper...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 12 April 1871, in Berlin; died 15 April 1925, in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland).

Draughtsman, architect, decorative artist, designer, illustrator, author. Furniture, jewellery, lamps, art objects.

Jugendstil.

Deutscher Werkbund.

In Munich, August Endell studied philosophy, art history, aesthetics and psychology, notably a course run by Theodor Lipp on the psychological effect of the perception of lines and forms. There, in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 10 January 1873, in Augsburg; died 1943, in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland), or Berlin.

Sculptor, medallist. Busts, statuettes, designs (jewels).

Jugendstil.

Between 1892 and 1899, Philipp Theodor von Gosen studied at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Munich under the supervision of W.V. Rümann. In ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 19 March 1878, in Stuttgart; died 20 September 1902, in Berlin.

Architect, interior designer, designer. Designs for furniture, objets d'art, jewels, silverware and fabrics.

Jugendstil.

Darmstadt Artists' Colony.

Patriz Huber's father was a teacher at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Mainz, and Patriz was taught by him. With the intention of becoming a painter, he moved to Munich, where he studied interior architecture and decorative arts. He achieved a high reputation for his models and his alphabets, which were published by Alexander Koch, and this enabled him to work for the Artists' Colony of Mathildenhöhe in Darmstadt ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

(b 1883; d 1935).

Basque–French cartoonist, interior decorator and designer, notably of furniture but also of wallpaper, textiles and jewellery. His early work is in an Art Nouveau idiom, but he gradually became a pioneering exponent of Art Deco. Pierre(-Emile) Legrain was initially his employee and later his collaborator. In 1914 Inbe moved to America, where he worked as a set designer, and in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 2 June 1877, in Norderney; died 13 September 1945, in Röhrmoos near Dachau.

Sculptor (bronze/stone). Animals. Designs (jewels).

Jugendstil, Art Deco.

Wilhelm Krieger was trained in decorative painting in Bremen, then studied at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich for a few months and also taught himself sculpture. He took up residence in Herrsching, near Munich. He worked with the Vereinigte Werkstätten für Kunst im Handwerk (united studios for arts and crafts) in Munich. This organisation, which was very important for the development of Jugendstil in Munich, commissioned artists, and sold and exhibited their work. In ...

Article

Catherine Brisac

(Jules)

(b Ay, Marne, April 6, 1860; d Paris, 1945).

French jeweller, glassmaker and designer. He began his studies at the Lycée Turgot near Vincennes and after his father’s death (1876) he was apprenticed to the Parisian jeweller Louis Aucoq, where he learnt to mount precious stones. Unable to further his training in France, he went to London to study at Sydenham College, which specialized in the graphic arts. On his return to Paris in 1880, he found employment as a jewellery designer creating models for such firms as Cartier and Boucheron. His compositions began to acquire a reputation and in 1885 he took over the workshop of Jules d’Estape in the Rue du 4 Septembre, Paris. He rejected the current trend for diamonds in grand settings and instead used such gemstones as bloodstones, tourmalines, cornelians and chrysoberyls together with plique à jour enamelling and inexpensive metals for his creations. His jewellery, which was in the Art Nouveau style, included hair-combs, collars, brooches, necklaces and buckles (e.g. water-nymph buckle, ...

Article

Czech, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 24 August 1860, in Ivancice; died 14 July 1939, in Prague.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer, poster artist. Historical subjects, allegorical subjects, figures, portraits, costume studies. Murals, stage costumes and sets, coats of arms, designs (jewels/postage stamps/banknotes/furniture)...

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 3 April 1887, in Sankt-Michael, near Salzburg; died 16 April 1923, in Mödling, near Vienna.

Painter, designer, architect, designer. Designs for wallpapers, jewels, ceramics, fabrics and glass, furniture.

Art Nouveau.

Wiener Werkstätte group.

The brother of Ernst Peche, Dagobert Peche received his architectural training from Friedrich F. Ohmann at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna. In Vienna he produced fabric designs for the decoration firms of Johann Backhausen, Philipp Haas, the Wiener Porzellanmanufaktur Böck, the Vereinigte Wiener und Gmunder Keramik. In ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 23 March 1878, in Bad Kreuznach; died 1964, in Munich.

Painter, pastellist, draughtsman, designer, interior designer. Murals, furniture, carpets, jewellery.

Jugendstil.

Hans Schmithals was a pupil in Munich of the Debschitz-Schule co-founded by Obrist where he later taught the painting of wallpaper. Between ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 1878, in Jena; died 1959, in Dresden.

Draughtswoman. Designs (metalwork, jewellery, silverware).

Jugendstil.

Gertraud von Schnellenbuhel trained as a painter in Munich. She was later one of the first students at the school of art, Obrist unde Debschitz Lehr und Versuch-Ateliers für Angewandte und Freie Kunst, in Munich. She worked in the studio dedicated to metal. Influenced by August Endell and Hermann Obrist, she had a very linear version of Jugendstil decoration. Biographical information about her is lacking after World War I. Her best work is a candelabra with 24 branches, which was acquired by Obrist....

Article

Milo Cleveland Beach

(b Metz, 1854; d 1942)

French jeweller and collector. Vever directed the family jewellery business, begun in Metz by his grandfather Pierre-Paul Vever (d 1853). After the capture of Metz in the Franco-Prussian War (1871), the family moved to Luxembourg and then Paris, where the Maison Vever became well established on the Rue de la Paix, winning the Grand Prix of the universal expositions in 1889 and 1900 and becoming a leader in the Art Nouveau movement. Vever gave an important group of Art Nouveau works to the Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris. His early interest in contemporary French painting led him to assemble a large and important group of works by Corot, Sisley, Renoir and Monet, of which he sold the majority (Paris, Gal. Georges Petit, 1897) to concentrate on Japanese and Islamic art. Vever had begun to collect Japanese prints in the 1880s and in 1892 joined the distinguished private group ...

Article

Richard Kerremans

(b Brussels, April 16, 1858; d Brussels, Dec 13, 1929).

Belgian jeweller, designer and sculptor . The son of the master goldsmith Louis Wolfers (1820–92), he graduated from the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Brussels in 1875 and entered his father’s workshop as an apprentice, where he acquired a comprehensive technical training. Influenced by the Rococo Revival and Japanese art, in the 1880s he created sensitively curved pieces in gold and silver decorated with asymmetrically distributed floral motifs, which heralded the Art Nouveau style (e.g. ewer, Le Maraudeur, c. 1880; Brussels, Musées Royaux A. & Hist.). After 1890 he produced two kinds of work: goldsmithing and jewellery designs for production by Wolfers Frères and one-off pieces that were produced to his own designs in the workshop that he had established c. 1890–92. Typical of the latter are Art Nouveau goldsmiths’ work and jewellery (e.g. orchid hair ornament, 1902; London, V&A), crystal vases carved into cameos and ivory pieces. Ivory was then in plentiful supply from the Congo, and from ...