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Article

Flemish, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born in Brussels.

Engraver, draughtsman, jeweller.

Flemish School.

Franz Aspruck was probably a pupil of R. Spranger. A number of plates by Aspruck, bearing the initials F. A., survive: 13 plates after Agostino Caracci and a small allegorical depiction of ...

Article

Alfonso Rodríguez Ceballos

Italian painter, draughtsman, engineer and stage designer, active also in central Europe and Spain . He was a pupil of Giovanni Bilivert from 1612 to 1620 and studied with Giulio Parigi. In 1622 he went to Vienna as assistant to Giovanni Pieroni da Galliano and thence to Prague, where he decorated the chapel (...

Article

Philippe Rouillard

South Netherlandish painter and designer. His father, George Bellegambe, a cabinetmaker and musician, was a prominent citizen of Douai. Jean is first mentioned in a document of 1504, when he is referred to as a master painter, a burgher and married. His teacher is unknown, but his work bears some imprint of the art of ...

Article

Italian stuccoist, sculptor, painter and costume designer, active in France and England. He worked in France as a painter (1515–22), probably under Jean Perréal and Jean Bourdichon, then in Mantua, possibly under Giulio Romano, possibly calling himself ‘da Milano’. By 1532 he was at ...

Article

Marco Collareta

Italian goldsmith, coin- and gem-engraver, jeweller, medallist and dealer. Son of the goldsmith Gian Maffeo Foppa, from 1480 he served at the Milanese court with his father, eventually becoming personal goldsmith and jeweller to Ludovico Sforza (il Moro), Duke of Milan. In 1487 Caradosso was in Florence, where his appraisal of an antique cornelian was highly esteemed. He worked in Hungary in the service of King ...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Engraver, jeweller.

Jean-Charles Chéron was brother to Henri and father to the medallist Charles-Jean Chéron. He worked in Nancy for Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine.

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Active in Strasbourg.

Draughtsman. Costume studies.

Article

Fabian Stein

German goldsmith and jeweller. He was one of the most famous goldsmiths of his time, and almost all his works are in the Grünes Gewölbe, Dresden. After his training in Ulm he travelled as a journeyman to Augsburg, Nuremberg and Vienna. He is first recorded in Dresden in ...

Article

French silversmith and jeweller. The pieces that he exhibited at the Paris Industrial Exhibitions of 1839 and 1844 made him the most celebrated silversmith in France. He worked in a variety of styles, notably Renaissance Revival, but also produced distinguished Gothic Revival and Rococo-style pieces. His most famous creation is the toilette of the Duchess of Parma (...

Article

British, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 1547, in Exeter; died c. 1619, in London.

Miniaturist, jeweller.

Nicholas Hilliard, the son of a goldsmith, was apprenticed to his father's trade but preferred the art of the miniature. In 1570 his name appears on the register of the Goldsmiths' Company, and he became miniaturist and goldsmith to Queen Elizabeth I, of whom he painted a number of portraits, including one which shows her covered with jewels depicted in detail - he was, after all, a jeweller. He may have visited France and perhaps met Ronsard. In ...

Article

Bohemian, 17th century, male.

Born 23 July 1607, in Prague; died 25 March 1677, in London.

Engraver, reproductions engraver, draughtsman, watercolourist, illustrator. Historical subjects, portraits, urban landscapes, landscapes, animals, costume studies. Maps.

Bohemian School.

Wenceslaus Hollar was the son of a clerk at the court of justice in Prague, and his family intended him to take up a legal career. However, he left Prague in 1627 and settled in Frankfurt, where he became a pupil of Matthaus Merian the Elder, from whom he learned the art of cartography. He travelled across Germany, making numerous drawings and engravings of the towns he visited. After stays in Strasbourg, Frankfurt and Mainz, he met the Earl of Arundel, English ambassador to Ferdinand III, in Cologne and returned with him to Prague. From there he accompanied him to Vienna and finally to England, where he arrived in 1637....

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Painter. Local figures, local scenes, costume studies.

Georges de La Chappelle came from Caen. He was active between 1638 and 1648. He accompanied the French ambassadors to the sultan of Constantinople, where he produced portraits of this king's most famous favourites, which were published in ...

Article

Italian bronze-founder. Born into a well-known Venetian family, he is mentioned in 1482, first as a goldsmith and then as a jeweller, which suggests that he might have been carving hard stones. In 1484 he was employed at the Mint as an engraver of dies. Exiled in ...

Article

E. S. Welch

Italian painter. A minor but prolific Milanese artist, he first appears as a creditor of the Borromeo family in Milan in 1450 and 1451. The following year, several letters addressed to Duke Francesco Sforza (reg 1450–66) show him as painter primarily of pennants and horse trappings. Moretti continued to work for the Sforza family during the 1450s. In ...

Article

Italian painter. He was the most significant painter of the 16th-century school of Bergamo and is best known for his portraits, which feature a naturalistic rendering of both faces and costume and an objective approach to character.

A document dated 6 March 1549 refers to Moroni as an administrative procurator, which implies that he was then at least 25 years old. He was trained in Brescia, in the workshop of ...

Article

Stephen K. Scher

Italian medallist, sculptor, gem-engraver and jeweller. Nothing is known of his background and early life. His family apparently came from Trezzo-sull Adda but were living in Milan at the time of his birth. By 1550 he had achieved a level of fame that deserved mention in the first edition of Vasari’s ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

French silversmith, active also in England. After an early career as an independent craftsman specializing in Renaissance revival jewellery, some of which was bought in the belief that it was Renaissance silver. He later joined the Paris firm of François-Désiré Froment-Meurice , for whom his work in the Renaissance style (in collaboration with Jules Wièse (...

Article

Dutch, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 1555, in Utrecht; died 1613 or 1614, in Prague.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, medallist, goldsmith, jeweller.

Munich School, Prague School.

Paulus van Vianen was the pupil of his father Willem Ezestensz. van Vianen, a medal maker and goldsmith, and of Cornelius Flertz or Elertz. He first travelled to Florence and then came to Munich in 1596 where he became a master in 1599. He was appointed jeweller to Emperor Rudolph II....

Article

Deborah J. Haynes

German art historian. His research interests ranged widely, including the art of the Renaissance, costume, festivals, medicine, astrology and magic, but his primary contribution to cultural history is the Warburg Institute.

Warburg was born into a wealthy Jewish banking family and was never obliged to seek academic employment. He trained at the University of Bonn with scholars such as ...

Article

Dutch, 17th century, male.

Died 1616, in Amsterdam.

Painter, jeweller.