Canadian partnership of conceptual artists working as performance artists, video artists, photographers and sculptors. It was formed in 1968 by A. A. Bronson [pseud. of Michael Tims] (b Vancouver, 1946), Felix Partz [pseud. of Ron Gabe] (b Winnipeg, 1945) and Jorge Zontal [pseud. of Jorge Saia] (b Parma, Italy, 1944; d Feb 1994). Influenced by semiotics and working in various media, they sought to examine and subvert social structures, taking particular interest in the products of mass culture. Their existence as a group, each with an assumed name, itself undermined the traditional notion of the solitary artist of genius. In 1972 they began publishing a quarterly journal, File, to publicize their current interests and work. In the 1970s they concentrated on beauty parades, starting in 1970 with the 1970 Miss General Idea Pageant, a performance at the Festival of Underground Theatre in Toronto that mocked the clichés surrounding the beauty parade, resulting in the nomination of Miss General Idea ...
Canadian, 20th – 21st century, male.
Born 1949, in Vancouver.
Installation artist, video artist. Multimedia.
Rodney Graham studied at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, from 1968-1971, where he met Ian Wallace, Jeff Wall and Ken Lum. He lives and works in Vancouver. His eclectic work, which uses 'appropriationism' to explore the concept of the 'open work', its tautological completion, its permanence, and the concept of the author, is difficult to categorise. Throughout the 1970s, he worked with recorded images (photography and film). In ...
(b Bethlehem, 1970).
Palestinian conceptual artist. Jacir’s works use a variety of media including film, photography, installation, performance, video, sound, sculpture and painting. Jacir was raised in Saudi Arabia and attended high school in Rome, Italy. She received her BA from the University of Dallas, Irving, TX in 1992, her MFA from the Memphis College of Art, Memphis, TN in 1994, and participated in the Whitney Independent Study Program from 1998 to 1999. She became a professor at the International Academy of Art, Palestine in Ramallah in 2007. Jacir’s conceptual works explore the physical and psychological effects of social and political displacement and exile, primarily how they affect the Palestinian community. Her work investigated the impact of Israeli action on the Palestinian people and countered representations of Palestinians in the press as primarily militant. Jacir often collaborated with members of the Palestinian community, both local and international, in the creation of her works....
Argentinian, 20th – 21st century, male.
Active in the USA.
Born 12 December 1946, in Buenos Aires.
Installation artist, video artist. Multimedia.
In 1958, David Lamelas had his first moment of aesthetic epiphany before Velázquez's The Maids of Honour ( Las Meñinas) in the Prado. He studied at the Buenos Aires fine arts academy ...
British, 20th – 21st century, male.
Active in New York from 1973.
Born 14 April 1946, in London.
Installation artist, performance artist, video artist. Multimedia.
Anthony McCall studied at the Ravensbourne College of Art and Design from 1964 to 1968. He makes films.
1973, 1975, Paris Biennale
1975, Konsthall, Malmö
1976, Palazzo Reale, Milan
1976, Venice Biennale
2001, Into the Light: The Projected Image in American Art 1964-1977, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (travelling exhibition)
2002, Shoot Shoot Shoot: The First Decade of the London Film-Makers, Tate Modern, London (travelling exhibition)
2004, Eyes, Lies & Illusions, Hayward Gallery, London
2007, Held Together with Water: Art from the Sammlung Verbund, Museum für Angewandte Kunst, Vienna
2007, Project, Transform, Erase: Anthony McCall and Imi Knoebel, Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco
2008, The Cinema Effect, Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, DC
2008, Geometry in Motion 1920s/1970s, Museum of Modern Art, New York...
Deborah A. Middleton
(b Fort Wayne, IN, Dec 6, 1941).
American conceptual artist. Recognized as one of the most influential, innovative, and provocative 20th century American artists, Nauman extended the media of sculpture, film, video, photography, and sound with performance and spatial explorations. Nauman attended the University of Wisconsin–Madison from 1960 to 1964, with early studies in mathematics and physics, which broadened to the study of art under Italo Scanga (1932–2001). He received a master’s degree in Fine Art from the University of California, Davis in 1966 under William T. Wiley, Robert Arneson, Frank Owen (b 1939), and Stephen Kaltenbach (b 1940) and honorary degrees from the San Francisco Art Institute (1989) and California Institute of Art (2000). In 1966 he began to teach at the San Francisco Art Institute.
Nauman’s interactive artworks and performances explore the syntactical nuances of language, text, and figurative gesture to create material culture and in-between places, which often result in a heightened sense of physical and emotional awareness. Nauman’s artistic explorations of spatial perception, bodily consciousness, physical and mental activity, and linguistic manipulation were demonstrated in interactive spatial compositions that accentuated various relationships between the human body and built environments. Early works included body castings and holographic self-images with subsequent works situating the viewer within their own mental and bodily perceptions. In ...
revised by Omar Olivares
(b Belo Horizonte, Nov 12, 1967).
Brazilian multimedia artist. Neuenschwander uses a variety of media, from intervention, installation, to conceptual and video art. Most of her work is interactive and focuses on communication, objects, and nature, letting the work of art develop with an amount of uncertainty. She studied at the Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil, and at the Royal College of Art in London. Some of her artistic endeavors have been compared to the work of Lygia Clark, as well as that of the Brazilian artist Hélio Oiticica.
In I Wish Your Wish (2003; exhibited at the Carnegie International in 2008), hundreds of participants were asked about their wishes, which were then silkscreened on colorful ribbons and exhibited in the gallery. Visitors then tied ribbons on their wrists, leaving a wish behind; the wish would come true only when the worn ribbon fell off, an idea based on a popular tradition of votive exchange. In ...
French, 20th – 21st century, female.
Assemblage artist, installation artist, video artist. Multimedia.
Françoise Quardon works by collating, modifying and personalising. She refers to her Surrealist installations as 'psycho objects' and to her exhibits as 'psycho bric-a-brac' which reveals her emotions and her occasionally troubled sense of self....
Israeli, 20th – 21st century, male.
Born 1965, in Tel Aviv.
Sculptor, installation artist, video artist. Multimedia.
Uri Tzaig graduated from the theatre school in Jerusalem in 1990 and lives and works in Tel Aviv. He initially produced small-scale sculptures in which his literary work played an essential part, then progressed to video installations. One of these, ...
Polish, 20th – 21st century, male.
Artist, curator, and organiser, Ryszard Wasko has worked in multimedia, including photography, film, video, installation, painting, and drawing. He settled in Lódz. In Lódz in 1981, Wasko initiated and organized Construction in Process, a series of exhibitions featuring works of art created on site. Artists who are invited to participate in ...
(b Holyoke, MA, Feb 12, 1943).
American photographer, video artist, conceptual artist, sculptor, draughtsman and painter . He studied painting at the Massachusetts College of Art, Boston, MA (BFA 1965), and at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (MFA 1967). During these years he produced Minimalist sculptures and paintings. In the early 1970s he used video and photography, primarily as a means of documenting such conceptual works as Untied On Tied Off (1972), a photograph of the artist’s feet with one shoe on, untied, the other with the shoe tied to his ankle. These documents gave way to photographs that took on greater artistic qualities in terms of composition and technique, while he continued to use concepts and approaches seen in the earlier pieces (particularly irony, humour and satire on both popular culture and the high culture of contemporary art). He was most well known in the 1970s for his photographic and video works featuring his Weimaraner dog, Man Ray. By ...