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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 24 January 1940, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, performance artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Body Art, Conceptual Art.

Vito Acconci was born in the Bronx, New York and lives and works in Brooklyn. He studied at Holy Cross College in Worcester, Massachusetts and at the University of Iowa. He has taught in various art schools and universities and in particular at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Yale University and the Parsons School of Design in New York....

Article

Greek, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 1954, in Athens.

Draughtsman, engraver, sculptor, video artist. Multimedia.

Michalis Arfaras first studied painting at the school of fine arts in Athens between 1972 and 1974. He continued his studies at the college of fine arts in Brunswick in Germany where he specialised in engraving and produced book illustrations and comic strips. He now lives and works in Hildesheim where he teaches graphic art at the university....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1934, in Fontenay-aux-Roses.

Painter (mixed media), collage artist, sculptor, draughtsman. Multimedia.

After meeting Yves Klein in 1957, Bernard Aubertin produced his first red monochrome works. He varied his methods of applying the paint, using in turn a spatula, knives, forks and spoons. Out of this search for a different density of paint, he created an art which was constantly being renewed by the artist's actions and in the eye of the spectator. From ...

Article

(b Geneva, Feb 25, 1872; d Lausanne, Jan 1, 1938).

Swiss painter and multimedia artist . From 1890/91 she studied under Hugues Bovy (1841–1903) and Denise Sarkissof at the Ecole d’Art in Geneva. A travel scholarship enabled her to study in Munich for a year. From 1904 until the outbreak of World War I Bailly lived in Paris, where she associated with Cubist artists, including Albert Gleizes, Jean Metzinger, Fernand Léger, Marie Laurencin and Sonia Lewitska (1882–1914). From 1905 to 1926 she exhibited regularly at the Salon d’Automne. From 1906 to 1910 her work was influenced by Fauvism, and from 1910 she became interested in Cubism and Futurism: Equestrian Fantasy with Pink Lady (1913; Zurich, Gal. Strunskaja) is reminiscent of the work of Gino Severini or Franz Marc in its rhythmic movement and planar fragmentation of horses and riders into coloured patterns. Other paintings of this period that are also indebted to these movements include ...

Article

(Davidovich)

(b Kherson, Ukraine, Jan 1, 1888; d France, 1944).

Ukrainian painter and multimedia artist . He studied painting in Odessa, before enrolling at the Academy of Arts in St Petersburg in 1905. His proximity in the mid-1900s to the artists of the nascent avant-garde, especially David Burlyuk and Vladimir Burlyuk, was of decisive importance to his stylistic development. Contributing to The Link (Kiev, 1908) and their other exhibitions in Moscow, Kiev and St Petersburg, he supported their stand against Realism and the Academy, favouring a brightly coloured post-Impressionism reminiscent of Georges Seurat and Louis Valtat.

In 1910 Baranoff-Rossiné moved to Paris where he lived for a number of years, exhibiting at the Salon des Indépendants. He also travelled widely in Germany and Scandinavia. He quickly elaborated an experimental style that relied both on Cubism, especially as interpreted by Albert Gleizes and Jean Metzinger (e.g. his Forge, 1911; Paris, Pompidou), and on the colour theories of Robert Delaunay and Sonia Delaunay (e.g. his ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1937, in Paris.

Painter (mixed media), draughtsman, installation artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Jean-Pierre Bertrand was the winner of the French state prize for art in 1990. He lives and works in Paris.

His largely unclassifiable work - paintings and installations, often featuring highly unorthodox materials - holds a special place in French contemporary art. Cameraman turned artist, Bertrand's work is indeed reminiscent of film, often featuring a series of rigourously 'framed' elements unfolding along a wall surface. Since ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1960.

Installation artist, painter. Multimedia.

Blaussyld presents installations made up of video recorder, table, mirror, speakers, texts and photocopies. He took part in 1994 in the exhibition Port of Call, Stopover, Stopoff ( Escale, Stopover, Tussenstop) at the Musée d'Art Moderne in Villeneuve d'Ascq. He has shown his works in solo exhibitions, including in ...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 28 January 1934, in Leerdam.

Painter, draughtsman, video artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art, Mail Art.

Marinus Boezem lived and worked in Holland; he embarked on his artistic career by exhibiting a section of a Dutch polder in 1960. Following this 'statement', which would have done credit even to Marcel Duchamp, he discovered what he termed the 'plasticity of air': in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1945, in Paris.

Painter, installation artist, intervention artist, performance artist, photographer. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art, Land Art, Body Art.

The beginnings of Borgeaud's work, as it was to develop subsequently, can be dated from 1969, the year of the exhibition event ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1962, in London.

Painter, draughtswoman, photographer, multimedia artist, installation artist.

Sonia Boyce studied art at East Ham College and the Stourbridge College of Art until 1983. Her work is informed by her experience as a black woman growing up and living in a white society, and addresses the themes of race, gender, religion, private and collective experience and cultural stereotyping. She came to prominence in the 1980s with her figurative works in chalk, pastel, charcoal and watercolour and digital and laser photographs. Since the late 1990s she has explored the potential of new media technologies for artistic expression. This has resulted in what she refers to as 'improvisational collaborations' involving other artists and audience participation. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 7 March 1926, in Halfway (Oregon); died 5 December 2008, in Cologne.

Painter, sculptor. Multimedia.

Neo-Dadaism, Fluxus.

From 1946 to 1950, George Brecht studied physical sciences at the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy & Science, and from 1950 to 1955, he trained as a chemist. He met John Cage in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century.

Born 1961, in Lyons.

Draughtsman, installation artist, photographer. Multimedia.

Neo-Conceptual Art.

Alain Bublex trained at the École des Beaux-Arts in Mâcon, then at the École Supérieure de Design Industriel in Paris. For a few years, he worked as an industrial designer for the car makers Renault. His job as a designer had a strong influence on his early works: ...

Article

Austrian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 1952, in Halle.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, installation artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Caramelle attended the Hochschule für angewandte Kunst in Vienna in 1970, before studying at the Center for Advanced Visual Studies in Cambridge (Massachusetts) from 1974 to 1975...

Article

Portuguese, 20th century, female.

Active in France from 1958.

Born 1930, in Funchal (Madeira).

Painter, installation artist, environmental artist, illustrator. Multimedia.

Lourdes Castro studied at the school of art in Lisbon for ten years. Following a stay in Munich, she went to Paris in 1958...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1948.

Sculptor, collage artist, draughtsman, performance artist. Multimedia.

Brian Catling teaches sculpture at the Ruskin School of Art, Oxford, and is a Fellow of Linacre College. He is also a poet.

During the 1990s Catling worked on the Cyclops...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 22 May 1963, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, mixed media, assemblage artist, video artist. Multimedia, artists' books.

Neo-Conceptual Art.

Groupe des Frères Ripoulin.

Claude Closky studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris and was a founder member of the Frères Ripoulin group. He was awarded the ...

Article

Irish, 20th century, male.

Active in Italy from 1970.

Born 1941, in Ballaghaderreen (Roscommon).

Painter, video artist, film producer, photographer. Multimedia.

James Coleman studied at the National College of Art in Dublin, the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, the Central School of Art in London and the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera in Milan. He was awarded travel bursaries by University College, Dublin, and the Italian government. In ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1942, in Fano (Ancona).

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman, mixed media, collage artist. Multimedia, artists' books.

Mail Art, Conceptual Art..

Marcello Diotallevi studied electronics until the age of 20. He lived for some time in Rome, working as a restorer in the Vatican Museum and as a painter. In ...

Article

John-Paul Stonard

(Karima)

(b London, July 3, 1963).

English sculptor, painter, draughtsman, video artist and installation artist. She studied at Maidstone College of Art (1983–6), and at the Royal College of Art in London (1987–9). In January 1993 she embarked on a six-month collaborative project with the artist Sarah Lucas, The Shop, in the Bethnal Green district of London, selling art objects in the style of bric-a-brac. Her first solo exhibition, My Major Retrospective, (London, White Cube Gal., 1993), provided the public platform for her subsequent success. Emin’s aptitude for self-promotion was demonstrated by the opening, in 1995, of the Tracey Emin Museum in South London, which she ran as a showcase for her work until 1998. She was shortlisted for the Turner Prize in 1999.

Emin achieved notoriety both in the art world and in the popular press as the enfant terrible of British art, a result not only of her outlandish behaviour but also of her starkly confessional work, based on an unorthodox upbringing and turbulent private life. In ...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1966, in Beijing.

Multimedia installation artist, painter, designer of interactive games.

After graduating from the printmaking depart­ment of the Central Academy of Fine Arts in Beijing (1991), Feng Mengbo embarked on a career that has combined the visual lexicon and technical functionality of interactive computer gaming with references to popular culture, Chinese history, and Chinese artistic traditions. Feng is regarded as a pioneer of new-media art in China: his corpus includes interactive CD-ROMs, single-player interactive games with traditional controllers or dance pads, and paintings. Feng’s early set of oil paintings ...