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Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 20 November 1946, in Harrisburg (Pennsylvania).

Sculptor, draughtswoman, multimedia artist.

Land Art.

Alice Aycock studied at Rutgers University (Douglass College), New Brunswick, NJ, receiving a BA in 1968, when she moved to New York. She obtained an MA from Hunter College in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1945, in Paris.

Painter, installation artist, intervention artist, performance artist, photographer. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art, Land Art, Body Art.

The beginnings of Borgeaud's work, as it was to develop subsequently, can be dated from 1969, the year of the exhibition event ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1942, in Boston (Massachusetts).

Painter, draughtsman, environmental artist. Multimedia.

Bad Painting, New Image (related to).

Jonathan Borofsky studied at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, and at Yale School of Art. He taught at the New York School of Visual Arts from 1969 to 1977 and went on to teach at the Valencia Institute of Art, California. At the start of his artistic career, in the late 1960s, Borofsky would count obsessively, writing numbers from one upwards in his notebook and drawing in between the numbers when ideas struck him. He then produced paintings based on these drawings, which he signed with the number he had reached when the painting was finished. In the early 1970s, his work drew on his own dreams for inspiration: he would keep records of his dreams and spontaneous drawings and produce paintings based on that. Much of his work is related to these themes of time and his own experience: in ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1965, in Glasgow.

Video artist, multimedia artist.

Roderick Buchanan studied Environmental Art at Glasgow School of Art and completed an MA in Fine Arts at the University of Ulster. He lives and works in Glasgow.

In his videos, installations, screen projections, sculptures and photographs, Buchanan takes his hometown of Glasgow as a vantage point from which to explore global issues of national, social, cultural and religious identity. Glasgow has a long history of sectarian tension that is reflected in the rivalry between the city's two major football clubs, Celtic and Rangers. In works such as ...

Article

Portuguese, 20th century, female.

Active in France from 1958.

Born 1930, in Funchal (Madeira).

Painter, installation artist, environmental artist, illustrator. Multimedia.

Lourdes Castro studied at the school of art in Lisbon for ten years. Following a stay in Munich, she went to Paris in 1958...

Article

Mary M. Tinti

(b Houston, TX, 1951).

American sculptor, installation and conceptual artist. His multimedia works investigate the pathology of contemporary culture. Mel Chin was born and raised in Houston, Texas to parents of Chinese birth and received his BA in 1975 from the Peabody College in Nashville, Tennessee. The works in Chin’s oeuvre are diverse in both medium and subject, but a consistent undercurrent of social, political, and environmental responsibility runs throughout. Whether a sculpture, film, video game, installation, public project or earthwork, Chin’s artworks consistently targeted a broad spectrum of pressing cultural and ecological interests and spread their message in subtle, if not viral ways.

In the 1980s, Chin produced a number of sculptures that set the stage for his ever-evocative artistic journey. The Extraction of Plenty from What Remains: 1823 (1988–9) is a frequently referenced piece from this period. It is a symbolic encapsulation of the effects of the Monroe Doctrine, referencing the complicated dealings between the US (represented by truncated replicas of White House columns) and Central America (represented by a cornucopia of mahogany branches, woven banana-tree fiber, and a surface layer of hardened blood, mud, and coffee grinds). From the 1990s, however, Chin moved away from strictly gallery-based installations and began creating works that directly engaged contemporary culture in a variety of physical and theoretical landscapes....

Article

Klaus Ottmann

(b Lima, OH, June 22, 1956).

American installation artist, photographer, and video artist. Hamilton is known for creating complexly structured, highly sensual, site-specific environments that investigate visual and aural relationships with the human body. Hamilton studied textile design at the University of Kansas in Lawrence and sculpture at Yale University School of Art in New Haven. Using a wide range of metaphorical and associative materials, her installations function in the chasm between immediate experience and memory and frequently address the antinomy of creation and destruction in art.

In Privations & Excesses (1989; San Francisco, CA, Capp Street Project), Hamilton sat in a room whose floor was covered with 750,000 pennies, while obsessively wringing her hands in a hat filled with honey and, in an barred space behind her, several sheep grazed. In topos (1993; New York, Dia Center for the Arts), a figure seated in the midst of an expansive sea of interwoven horsehair, fastidiously erased printed letters from a book with a heating coil. In ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1965, in Caen.

Environmental artist. Multimedia.

Esthétique Relationnelle.

Pierre Joseph is active in Paris and sometimes works with Philippe Parreno. He does not use traditional art materials in his environments. The use of photography appears to be fundamental to his technique which operates on the fashion of taking quotations from the individual and collective memory and portraying them in an interactive world fed by science fiction, video games, cinema and advertising. At the preview of the Villa Arson exhibition ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1927, in Atlantic City (New Jersey); died 5 April 2006, in Encinitas near San Diego (California).

Happenings artist, environmental artist. Multimedia.

Neo-Dadaism.

Allan Kaprow studied under Hans Hofmann in 1947–1948. He wrote his doctoral thesis on Mondrian, under the supervision de Meyer Schapiro. In 1956–1958, he attended John Cage’s course at the New College for Social Research in New York. That period was witnessing a resurgence of interest in Dada and the advent of a belated, and quite unexpected wave of successors to Marcel Duchamp. Dada’s subversive response to art, its readiness to turn things on their head released Kaprow’s energies. He had a chair in art history, was involved in the creation of two galleries in New York, and pursued the activities which befitted a conceptual artist. He taught Visual Arts at the University of San Diego (California)....

Article

South African, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 28 April 1955, in Johannesburg.

Draughtsman, engraver, graphic designer, film producer, sculptor, theatre and opera designer and producer. Multimedia, animated films.

Land Art.

Although William Kentridge has practised his creativity in many domains and in a wide range of media (animated films, land art, sculpture, printmaking, theatre and opera design and production, installations), it is chiefly his large-scale charcoal drawings in process (drawing for animation) and his unique, short, animated films and their projection that have given him international fame....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active since 1979 also active in the USA.

Born 1946, in Paris.

Sculptor, environmental artist. Statues, multimedia.

Alain Kirili followed courses in Chinese art in Paris during the 1960s, and then travelled in the USA, India, Japan and Indonesia. In ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Installation artist, environmental artist. Multimedia.

Lumino-Kinetic Art.

Mischa Kuball lives and works in Düsseldorf. Like the Frenchman Michel Verjux, he uses slide projectors, which project slides of silhouette cut-outs onto the walls; the beams of white light create images that disrupt the perception of space in the venue. He holds solo exhibitions, including one at the Centre d'Art Passages in Troyes in ...

Article

Margo Machida

(b Guangzhou, China, Sept 15, 1948).

Chinese multimedia artist. Raised in Hong Kong and Macau, Lee immigrated to the United States in 1973 to attend the Columbus College of Art and Design in Ohio (BFA 1977), followed by graduate studies at Syracuse University (1977–9). Moving to New York City in 1979, he became actively involved with the burgeoning downtown Manhattan arts community, where he created Graffiti and poster art, as well as outdoor slide theater works. Beginning in the 1980s, Lee co-founded three New York-based arts collectives: Epoxy Art Group (1981–7), Godzilla: Asian American Art Network (1990–2001) and Tomato Grey (2009). The first, Epoxy Art Group, involved project-oriented collaborations with artists from mainland China, Canada and Hong Kong that reflected their intersecting standpoints as Chinese living in the West. Godzilla: Asian American Art Network was a pan-Asian, intergenerational art group. Most recently, with Tomato Grey, Lee became involved with a new cohort of contemporary immigrant artists who endeavor to foster cultural exchange between arts practitioners in Hong Kong and New York City. Lee was a faculty member at the School of Visual Arts in New York (...

Article

Irish, 20th century, male.

Active in England, from 1957 in Canada.

Born 6 October 1935 or 1936, in Dublin.

Happenings artist, environmental artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

Les Levine showed an early interest in photography, and enrolled at the Central School of Art and Design in London before embarking on a career as a designer, notably of jewellery. Despite this early success, he emigrated to Canada in ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, female.

Born 1943.

Sculptor, environmental artist, happenings artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

In 1965 in collaboration with Ruben Santanonin, Marta Minujin created La Menesunda (Confusion) at the Torcuato Di Tella institute in Buenos Aires. The institute was founded in 1958 as a private initiative and encourages the expression of avant-garde art in Argentina. Her piece was a kind of polymorphous interior environment offering the public visual and tactile sensations. It included a closed-circuit video, a mirror gallery, air-stream blown confetti and corridors with soft surfaces. In ...

Article

John-Paul Stonard

(b Beaumont, TX, 9 Aug, 1939; d Maratea, Feb 3, 2009).

American sound artist. After graduating from the Manhattan School of Music (1957–62), Neuhaus worked as a professional percussionist, touring America and Europe with Pierre Boulez (1962–3) and Karlheinz Stockhausen (1963–4). He experimented with electro-acoustic sound, and in 1968 recorded a solo album, Electronics and Percussion: Five Realisations by Max Neuhaus for Columbia Masterworks. By this time he had already moved from event-based performance to environmental and socially-based works. This shift began in 1966 with a series of guided walks through New York city, highlighting the natural urban sound environment. The placement of sounds within a prescribed time, typical of musical performance, was exchanged for a placement of sounds in space with no defined beginning or end. In the same year he made the first of a series of works known as Public Supply (I–IV, 1966–73), in which he remixed and redistributed sounds drawn from New York’s WBAI radio phone-in audience. In his subsequent work he developed this reconsideration of the relation between artist and audience, his effort to locate artistic activity beyond institutional walls chiming with an increasing enthusiasm for public art....

Article

German, 20th century, female.

Born 1940, in Eutin.

Sculptor, environmental artist, mixed media. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

Oppermann attended the art academy in Hamburg where she has been living since 1961. She has contributed to the following group exhibitions: 1973 Wolfsburg Forum for Young Artists 73...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 26 March 1946, in New York.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor. Landscapes. Multimedia.

Environmental Art.

Alan Sonfist studied at the Art Students League, New York (1963); the Pratt Institute (1965-1966); Western Illinois University (BA, 1967); Hunter College (...

Article

Midori Yoshimoto

(b Tokyo, April 5, 1967).

Japanese sculptor, installation and video artist . Torimitsu received a BFA in sculpture at Tama Art University (1994) and, soon after her university graduation, she completed Miyata Jiro, a life-size robot of a stereotypical Japanese businessman, and made it crawl on the pavements of various districts in Tokyo. Perhaps because of its candid critique of Japanese corporate culture, businessmen in Marunouchi district pretended not to look at the robot, while it attracted large crowds elsewhere. In order to study varying reactions to her robot in different social settings, Torimitsu moved to New York in 1996, to participate in the P.S.1 International Program. For the American premier of Miyata Jiro that year, on Wall Street and near the Rockefeller Center, Torimitsu dressed as a nurse to redirect the robot’s movement or recharge its battery. Her New York performances were so well received that Torimitsu subsequently acquired opportunities to do the same in Amsterdam, Graz, London, Paris, Rio de Janeiro and Sydney....

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 1942, in Montreal.

Painter (including mixed media), collage artist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, environmental artist, installation artist. Multimedia.

Serge Tousignant studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Montreal. In 1965, studied on a grant at the Slade School in London. He is based in Montreal....