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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 17 March 1885, in La Ferté-Vidame (Eure-et-Loir); died 1953.

Painter, ceramicist, glassmaker.

Art Nouveau.

Gabriel Argy-Rousseau studied at the school of ceramics in Sèvres. He participated in the Salon d'Automne between 1920 and 1924, and exhibited glassware and enamel work at the Salon des Artistes Français in ...

Article

Bauhaus  

Rainer K. Wick

[Bauhaus Berlin; Bauhaus Dessau, Hochschule für Gestaltung; Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimar]

German school of art, design and architecture, founded by Walter Gropius. It was active in Weimar from 1919 to 1925, in Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and in Berlin from 1932 to 1933, when it was closed down by the Nazi authorities. The Bauhaus’s name referred to the medieval Bauhütten or masons’ lodges. The school re-established workshop training, as opposed to impractical academic studio education. Its contribution to the development of Functionalism in architecture was widely influential. It exemplified the contemporary desire to form unified academies incorporating art colleges, colleges of arts and crafts and schools of architecture, thus promoting a closer cooperation between the practice of ‘fine’ and ‘applied’ art and architecture. The origins of the school lay in attempts in the 19th and early 20th centuries to re-establish the bond between artistic creativity and manufacturing that had been broken by the Industrial Revolution. According to Walter Gropius in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1844, in Limoges; died 10 August 1910, in Limoges.

Painter (including porcelain), draughtsman, pastellist, watercolourist, potter, ceramicist.

Japonisme, Art Nouveau.

Pierre Adrien Dalpayrat studied drawing and porcelain painting in Limoges. He began working at the Vieillard earthenware factory in Bordeaux, and then went to work in Monaco for François Blanc, an earthenware maker. He then spent time in Menton and Limoges before settling in Bourg-la-Reine in ...

Article

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1866, in Lubaczów; died 1924, in Cracow.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative artist, ceramicist, sculptor, designer. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes. Furniture.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Debicki studied at the Akademie der bildenden Künste in Vienna from 1881 to 1884, then in Munich, Paris, Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine) and Cracow. He first settled in Lemberg and began teaching in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1851, in Albi; died 1938.

Painter, potter.

Art Nouveau.

A member of the Sociéte Nationale des Beaux-Arts, he made his debut at the Salon des Artistes Français, where he received an honourable mention in 1890, being put in a class of his own. He was made Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur. He stayed in the USA ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1846, in Nancy; died 1904, in Nancy.

Painter, ceramicist, decorative designer, glassmaker. Figures, still-lifes.

Art Nouveau.

Nancy School.

He studied art in Weimar. Émile Gallé was passionately interested in painting on glass and opened a glassware factory in Nancy in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 16 June 1898, in Lyons; died 8 April 1966, in Quimper.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, designer, photographer, ceramicist. Scenes with figures, landscapes.

Art Deco.

Georges Géo-Fourrier attended the Alfred Keller studio in Paris, then studied wood engraving with Alphonse Isaac, and in ...

Article

Norwegian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 10 May 1866, in Vefsen; died 1935, in Oslo.

Painter, draughtsman. Landscapes, seascapes, portraits. Designs (ceramics/decorative objects).

Art Nouveau.

Holmboe was taught at first by a Norwegian landscape artist before going on to study with Gude in Berlin and at the royal school of art in Christiania (now Oslo). He also studied under Cormon in Paris. He is best known for his decorative landscapes of northern Norway but painted seascapes as well. He worked on decorative arts between 1890 and 1915, producing Art Nouveau-style objects, and produced designs for ceramics....

Article

Dutch, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 26 November 1876, in Utrecht; died 1958, in Blaricum-Amsterdam.

Painter, potter, lithographer. Murals, designs for stained glass.

Groups: De Stijl, Abstraction-Création.

Bart van der Leck started out working for various glassmakers in his native Utrecht before going on to attend the college of industrial arts (where he studied under A.J. van der Kinderen) and then the royal academy of fine arts in Amsterdam. He lived in Amersfoort ...

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 3 April 1887, in Sankt-Michael, near Salzburg; died 16 April 1923, in Mödling, near Vienna.

Painter, designer, architect, designer. Designs for wallpapers, jewels, ceramics, fabrics and glass, furniture.

Art Nouveau.

Wiener Werkstätte group.

The brother of Ernst Peche, Dagobert Peche received his architectural training from Friedrich F. Ohmann at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna. In Vienna he produced fabric designs for the decoration firms of Johann Backhausen, Philipp Haas, the Wiener Porzellanmanufaktur Böck, the Vereinigte Wiener und Gmunder Keramik. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 24 October 1883, in New York; died 18 November 1945, in Brandenburg.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, decorative designer. Figures. Designs for ceramics, stage sets.

Jugendstil, Art Deco.

Paul Scheurich studied at the arts academy in Berlin from 1902 to 1904. In ...

Article

Mark Allen Svede

(b nr Cēsis, April 28, 1896; d Tbilisi, Georgia, July 14, 1944).

Latvian painter, printmaker, ceramicist, interior designer, tage and film set designer and theorist. He was the foremost ideologue for modernism in Latvia and was one of its greatest innovators. His militant defence of avant-garde principles befitted his experience as a soldier and as one of the artists who, after World War I, was denied a studio by the city officials and staged an armed occupation of the former premises of the Riga Art School. At the end of the war he painted in an Expressionist manner: In Church (1917; Riga, priv. col., see Suta, 1975, p. 19), for example, is an exaltation of Gothic form and primitivist rendering. Unlike his peers Jāzeps Grosvalds and Jēkabs Kazaks, he was extremely interested in Cubism and Constructivism, the theories of which informed his paintings, drawings, prints and occasional architectural projects of the 1920s. At this time he and his wife, the painter ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 25 December 1882, in Paris; died 26 November 1957, in St-Germain-en-Laye.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver (wood), illustrator, designer, ceramicist. Murals, designs for tapestries.

Art Deco.

Paul Bernard Véra was a pupil of Maurice Denis and Paul Sérusier at the Atelier d'Art Sacré....