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Article

Canadian First Nations (Oji-Cree), 20th century, female.

Born 28 March 1971, in Yorkton (Saskatchewan).

Installation artist, ceramicist, photographer, sculptor, printmaker.

KC Adams studied at Concordia University, in Montreal, Quebec, where she received her BFA in Studio Arts in 1998. Her artistic practice was further developed through artists’ residencies in Canada, at institutions in Banff, Charlottetown and Winnipeg. During her ...

Article

Christine Mullen Kreamer

(b Jan 25, 1930; d Lomé, Jan 4, 2010).

Togolese painter, sculptor, engraver, stained glass designer, potter and textile designer. Beginning in 1946, he received his secondary education in Dakar, where he also worked in an architecture firm. He travelled to France and received his diplôme supérieur from the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris. A versatile artist, Ahyi is best known for his murals and for monumental stone, marble and cement public sculptures. His work reflects the fusion of his Togolese roots, European training and an international outlook, and he counts among his influences Moore, Braque, Modigliani, Tamayo, Siqueiros and Tall. His work combines ancient and modern themes and materials, maternity being a prominent topic. The messages of his larger, public pieces operate on a broad level to appeal to the general populace, while smaller works often reflect his private engagement with challenges confronting the human condition. His compositions are both abstract and figurative and evoke the heroism and hope of the two world wars, Togo's colonial period and the struggle for independence from France, as well as the political efforts of the peoples of Vietnam, South Africa and Palestine. Ahyi has won numerous international prizes, including the prize of the city of Lyon (...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 2 December 1899, in Albisola; died May 1971, in Albisola.

Ceramicist, draughtsman, painter, sculptor, screen printer, photographer. Artists' books.

Futurism.

Tullio d'Albisola studied with his father Giuseppe, a master potter, then with Gaetano Ballardini at the international university pottery class in Faenza, which he entered in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 24 September 1930, in Benicia (California); died 2 November 1992, in Benicia.

Ceramicist, sculptor, painter, printmaker, draughtsman. Figures.

Pop Art, Funk Art.

Robert Arneson studied at the College of Marin Kentfield, California (1949-1951), California College of Arts and Crafts (...

Article

Inmaculada Julián

(b Madrid, Feb 26, 1937).

Spanish painter, sculptor, potter, printmaker and stage designer . As a painter he was mainly self-taught. After working as a journalist in 1957, he left Spain in 1958 to avoid military service, settling in Paris. There he continued to work both as a journalist and painter. From 1968 to 1972 he lived in Milan, returning to Paris in 1973. His work developed from expressionism to realism (Nueva figurina), which reflected on the pictorial language and function of painting and the artist’s role in society. He manipulated ready-made images, words and elements derived from commercial art and the work of other painters. His pieces formed series whose titles referred to the legacy of the Spanish Civil War and the contemporary political situation to help make their critical point. His work frequently provoked controversy, for example his series Arcole Bridge and St Bernard’s Pass (1962–6) was based on the theme of Napoleon Bonaparte as a symbol of imperialism (e.g. ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 2 February 1914, in Washington (North Carolina), 1919, according to some sources; died 1977.

Sculptor, print artist, ceramicist, illustrator.

William E. Artis studied at the University of Syracuse, New York, New York State University and the Art Students League, New York. He was also a student of Augusta Savage at the Harlem Community Art Center, New York. Artis expressed his humanist ideals by depicting impassive faces in a purified style, combining African and classical sculpture....

Article

Native American (Wiyot and Yurok), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1946, in Newport (Oregon).

Sculptor, painter, ceramicist, mixed-media artist, print-maker.

Rick Bartow of the Wiyot and Yurok Nations of Northern California works in a number of media to create images which often reference indigenous North American transformation myths. His work with the Maori artist John Bevan Ford has also been an influence. In ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Active in Crays Pond, near Reading.

Born 1909, in Essex; died November 1996, in London.

Painter, printmaker, sculptor, ceramicist, textile designer. Portraits, landscapes, urban landscapes.

London Group.

André Bicât was a self-taught artist. Born to French and Anglo-Irish parents, he worked as a theatre designer and scene painter in the 1930s. His theatre work included work for Mercury Theatre Productions in ...

Article

Austrian, 20th century, female.

Born 1912.

Sculptor, potter, engraver.

Biljan-Bilger is noted for small terracotta figures and ceramic reliefs. She also produced drawings and engravings.

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1934, in Los Angeles.

Sculptor, ceramicist, draughtswoman, print artist, photographer, film maker. Figures, scenes with figures. Murals.

Camille Billops has a BA from California State College and an MFA from City College in New York. She settled in New York, where in ...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 15 June 1903, in Piatra Neamt; died 12 March 1966, in Paris.

Painter (including mixed media), watercolourist, pastellist, sculptor, ceramicist, engraver, draughtsman. Figures, portraits, landscapes, animals.

Surrealist group.

Victor Brauner's father ran a sawmill in Piatra Neamt, a small village in the Carpathian mountains in Romania. Brauner said that his childhood was marked by the atmosphere of a 'small village by the edge of a river', where he watched 'giant tree trunks, tied into rafts, on which people lived as they went down the river'. As a child, he witnessed the spiritualist sessions in which his father participated. After a brief stay in Vienna where he began his schooling and a trip down the Danube, he was back in Romania where he was drafted into compulsory work from 1916 to 1918. A pupil at the Braila evangelical school, he developed a passion for zoology and painted in the Belu cemetery in Bucharest. Between 1921 and 1923, he took courses at the fine arts school and the free academy in Bucharest, then spent time by the Black Sea in Falticeni and Balchík, where he painted his 'Cézannian landscapes'. In 1924, he founded the review ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 10 July 1930, in Berry.

Painter, sculptor (including clay), draughtsman, pastellist, engraver. Figures, interiors, landscapes, still-lifes.

Michel Brigand studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Bourges from 1948 to 1952. Later, encouraged by the sculptor Gili, he made his first visit to Catalonia, which was followed by many further trips to this region of which he became extremely fond. From ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 11 January 1911, in Tournai; died 1996.

Sculptor (metal), ceramicist, engraver, lithographer. Stage sets, designs for tapestries, architectural integration.

Pierre Caille attended evening classes at the academy in Tournai, and in 1929-1930 worked in Joris Minne's workshop at the École d'Architecture et des Arts Decoratifs in Brussels, founded by Henry van de Velde in ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 26 October 1911; died 1988, in Genoa.

Sculptor, potter, screen printer.

Lumino-Kinetic Art.

Renato Carnevale tackled a variety of art forms, which he developed chiefly at collective events in Italy. He also exhibited frequently at the Salon des Réalités Nouvelles in Paris - the natural home for his style of abstract art, which was strongly rooted in geometric abstraction. As he embarked upon a deeply personal study of movement, his art evolved into installations punctuated with sound, shapes and lighting that he named ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 11 May 1827, in Valenciennes; died 11 October 1875, in Courbevoie (Hauts-de-Seine).

Sculptor (including bronze/marble/clay), engraver, painter, draughtsman. Allegorical subjects, figures, portraits. Groups, busts, low reliefs.

Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux’ stonemason father enrolled him in an architecture course taught in Valenciennes by Jean-Baptiste Bernard. Carpeaux proved initially an inept pupil whose comparative lack of formal education his fellow pupils found awkward and, at times, even bizarre. The young man felt out of place and persecuted; it was a feeling that would persist throughout his life. Victor Liet, who was a pupil of the sculptor Henri Lemaire and on the point of marrying Carpeaux’ first cousin, was perhaps the first to detect the young man’s nascent genius. He took him under his wing and instructed him in the rudiments of sculpture; Carpeaux repaid Liet by sculpting a bust of him – Carpeaux’ first-ever bust (done from memory, as it happened, since Victor Liet was fated to die of consumption in 1847 at the age of 35)....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1869, in Paris; died 1 February 1917, in Dunkirk, on active service.

Sculptor, medallist, engraver, potter.

Jean-Marie Cazin was the son and pupil of Jean Charles Cazin and the husband of Marie Berthe Yvart. He engraved medals, including ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active naturalised in France from 1937.

Born 7 July 1887, in Vitebsk; died 28 March 1985, in St-Paul-de-Vence, France.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, ceramicist, engraver, decorative artist, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures. Murals, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics, low reliefs...

Article

Susan Compton

[Shagal, Mark (Zakharovich); Shagal, Moses]

(b Vitebsk [now Viciebsk], Belarus’, July 7, 1887; d Saint-Paul-de-Vence, Alpes-Maritimes, March 28, 1985).

French painter, draughtsman, printmaker, designer, sculptor, ceramicist, and writer of Belarusian birth. A prolific artist, Chagall excelled in the European tradition of subject painting and distinguished himself as an expressive colourist. His work is noted for its consistent use of folkloric imagery and its sweetness of colour, and it is characterized by a style that, although developed in the years before World War I, underwent little progression throughout his long career (see.g. I and the Village, 1911; New York, MOMA). Though he preferred to be known as a Belarusian artist, following his exile from the Soviet Union in 1923 he was recognized as a major figure of the Ecole de Paris, especially in the later 1920s and the 1930s. In his last years he was regarded as a leading artist in stained glass.

Chagall spent his childhood, admirably recorded in his autobiography, in a warm Hassidic family in Vitebsk [now Viciebsk], with frequent visits to his grandfather’s village home. He attended the traditional Jewish school but afterwards succeeded in entering the local Russian high school, where he excelled in geometry and drawing and determined to become an artist. At first he studied locally in the studio of ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 6 September 1927, in Auvers-sur-Oise.

Sculptor (including terracotta), draughtsman, lithographer. Figures, animals.

Michel Charpentier studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris where he won one of the Rome Prizes for sculpture, enabling him to spend four years at the Villa Medici in Rome. In ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1909, in Heverlee; died 1995.

Painter, screen printer, sculptor, potter. Designs for stained glass.

Jan Cobbaert was a pupil at the fine arts academies in Louvain and in Brussels, and was awarded the Prix de Rome in 1937. He became a professor at the Louvain academy. Cobbaert executed monumental works using different techniques, and the fact that he was active in so many areas may have prevented him from discovering his true field of expertise....