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Article

Canadian First Nations (Oji-Cree), 20th century, female.

Born 28 March 1971, in Yorkton (Saskatchewan).

Installation artist, ceramicist, photographer, sculptor, printmaker.

KC Adams studied at Concordia University, in Montreal, Quebec, where she received her BFA in Studio Arts in 1998. Her artistic practice was further developed through artists’ residencies in Canada, at institutions in Banff, Charlottetown and Winnipeg. During her ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 22 June 1952, in Bordeaux.

Painter (including mixed media), sculptor, potter. Stage sets.

At the age of 24, Philippe Aïni gave up his job as a pastry cook to become an artist, although he lacked any training. At first, he was supported and encouraged to exhibit by Jean-Pierre Roche of the Galerie Émergences in Bordeaux (...

Article

Lisa M. Binder

(b Anyako, Ghana, June 13, 1944).

Ghanaian sculptor, active in Nigeria. He earned a bachelor’s degree in sculpture (1968) and a postgraduate diploma in art education from the University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana (1969). After graduation he taught at the Specialist Training College (now University of Winneba), Ghana, in a position vacated by the eminent sculptor Vincent Kofi. From 1975 he was Professor of Sculpture at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Anatsui’s practice often makes use of found objects including bottle caps, milk-tins and cassava graters. However, he is not concerned with recycling or salvaging; instead he seeks meaning in the ways materials can be transformed to make statements about history, culture and memory.

His early work consists of ceramic sculptures manipulated to reconfigure pieces of memory. In 1978 he began his Broken Pots series, which was exhibited the following year at the British Council in Enugu, Nigeria. Several of the ceramic works were made of sherds that were fused together by a grog-like cement of broken pieces. Making art historical references to ...

Article

Norwegian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Italy 1979-1984, then in France.

Born 1955, in Oslo.

Sculptor, installation artist.

From 1979-1981 Per Barclay attended courses at the Istituto Statale in Florence, from 1981-1983 at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Bologna, and from 1983-1985 at the academy in Rome....

Article

Native American (Wiyot and Yurok), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1946, in Newport (Oregon).

Sculptor, painter, ceramicist, mixed-media artist, print-maker.

Rick Bartow of the Wiyot and Yurok Nations of Northern California works in a number of media to create images which often reference indigenous North American transformation myths. His work with the Maori artist John Bevan Ford has also been an influence. In ...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 15 June 1903, in Piatra Neamt; died 12 March 1966, in Paris.

Painter (including mixed media), watercolourist, pastellist, sculptor, ceramicist, engraver, draughtsman. Figures, portraits, landscapes, animals.

Surrealist group.

Victor Brauner's father ran a sawmill in Piatra Neamt, a small village in the Carpathian mountains in Romania. Brauner said that his childhood was marked by the atmosphere of a 'small village by the edge of a river', where he watched 'giant tree trunks, tied into rafts, on which people lived as they went down the river'. As a child, he witnessed the spiritualist sessions in which his father participated. After a brief stay in Vienna where he began his schooling and a trip down the Danube, he was back in Romania where he was drafted into compulsory work from 1916 to 1918. A pupil at the Braila evangelical school, he developed a passion for zoology and painted in the Belu cemetery in Bucharest. Between 1921 and 1923, he took courses at the fine arts school and the free academy in Bucharest, then spent time by the Black Sea in Falticeni and Balchík, where he painted his 'Cézannian landscapes'. In 1924, he founded the review ...

Article

Italian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 14 November 1949, in Morro d'Alba (province of Ancona, Marche).

Sculptor, draughtsman, painter, mixed media, potter. Figures, landscapes, architectural views.

Transavanguardia.

Enzo Cucchi is 'the third C' of the Italian Transavangardia movement, with Sandro Chia and Francesco Clemente. He spent some time at the school in Macerata working in conceptual art and also as a restorer. He lives and works in Ancona and Rome....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 19 November 1950, in Chaumont (Haute-Marne).

Sculptor (including wood), ceramicist, installation artist. Low reliefs, artists' books.

Martine Diersé is a graduate of the École des Arts Décoratifs in Strasbourg. She settled in the Ardèche, France. She has made artists' books, such as ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1943.

Sculptor, photographer, video artist.

Marcel Dinahet creates small sculptures out of cement mixed with shells or compressed clay and places them in water, at the bottom of the sea or a lake. He records the evolution of the work, which has been exposed to the ebb and flow of the tides and may be covered in seaweed, on videos or photographs. To view the video, spectators must shut themselves in a watertight caisson made of galvanised iron....

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Active in Italy from 1905, naturalised Italian.

Born 19 February 1899, in Rosario de Santa Fé, to Italian parents; died 7 September 1968, in Comabbio (Varese).

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, sculptor, potter, draughtsman.

Spatialism.

Abstraction-Création group.

At the age of six, Lucio Fontana went to Italy with his parents, an Argentinian mother and his Italian father, Luigi Fontana, who was a funerary sculptor. It appears that he later went back to Argentina, only returning to Italy as a soldier during World War I. When the war was over he returned to Argentina and remained there from 1922 to 1927, working for a time in his father’s business before devoting himself entirely to sculpture and returning to Italy in 1927. In Milan, Fontana enrolled as a student of sculpture with Adolfo Wildt at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera and received his diploma in 1930. In 1934, with other artists, he founded the ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 17 May 1947, in Paris.

Painter, collage artist, sculptor of assemblages, mixed media, potter.

Odile Frachet was originally a decorator of crockery and porcelain, and has taught in a number of different workshops. She creates ceramic panels and collages, in a solidly structured, naturalistic yet abstract style. She also made a fountain for the water treatment factory in Toulouse....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1948, in Paris.

Sculptor of assemblages (ceramics).

François Geissmann spent his childhood in Argentina. During his first stay in Japan between 1971 and 1973, he stayed at a Zen monastery before studying pottery. From 1975 to 1979, with the help of a French government grant, he studied ceramic art at the fine arts school in Kyoto. In ...

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1932.

Born 5 December 1912, in Lódz; died 7 August 1991, in Angers, France.

Painter (including mixed media), sculptor, draughtsman, ceramicist. Designs for tapestries.

Thomas Gleb was self-taught. He arrived in Paris in 1932 and settled in Angers in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 13 March 1911, in Boston; died 27 July 2007, in Jaffrey, New Hampshire.

Painter, draughtswoman, watercolourist, print artist, collage artist, assemblage artist, ceramicist, sculptor. Figures, interiors with figures, landscapes, architectural views, still-lifes.

American Abstract Artists (AAA).

Fannie Hillsmith was the granddaughter of painter and interior decorator Frank Hill Smith, who later joined his second given name to his family name to form the name Frank Hillsmith. The fact that both of them had the name F. Hillsmith gives rise to some confusion....

Article

Native American (Seneca and Onondaga Nations), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 8 June 1947, on Cattaraugus Indian Reservation (New York).

Sculptor, ceramicist, installation artist.

Peter B. Jones was born and raised on the Seneca Indian Reservation at Cattaraugus, New York, where his father’s family lives. He is also descended from the Onondaga Nation on his mother’s side. His work in ceramics has become widely collected and is shown in major exhibitions in North America and abroad. In ...

Article

Danish, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 3 April 1914, in Veirum or Vejrum (Jutland); died 1 May 1973, in Aarhus.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, collage artist, sculptor, lithographer, potter, draughtsman. Designs for tapestries.

Groups: International Situationist, CoBrA, International Movement for an Imaginist Bauhaus...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in The Hague.

Painter, sculptor, ceramicist.

Lely studied art in The Hague in 1966 and ceramics in Groningen in 1980. He continued his education in sculpture in Pietrasanta, Italy in 1985. His mixed media works are linked to Matterist Abstraction. He has taken part in collective exhibitions since ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 11 January 1955, in San Rafael (California).

Sculptor, installation artist.

Christian Marclay was born in California but raised in Geneva. He studied sculpture at Massachusetts College of Art, Boston, in the late 1970s and at the Cooper Union, New York. He is a New York-based visual artist and composer who was a pioneer of the remix culture and is prominent in the avant-garde music scene. Since ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 6 November 1944, in Glasgow.

Performance artist, painter, sculptor, installation artist, printmaker, ceramicist.

Conceptual Art, Land Art.

Bruce McLean studied at Glasgow School of Art (1961-1963), and at St Martins School of Art in London (1963-1966) under Anthony Caro, Phillip King and William Tucker. He has taught at the Croydon School of Art (...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1901, in Rovereto; died 1986, in Milan.

Painter (gouache/mixed media), sculptor, decorative artist, potter.

Fausto Melotti graduated in 1924 from the polytechnic in Milan with a degree in electronic engineering and went on to earn a sculpture diploma at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera, where he was a pupil of Adolf Wildt. During his studies, he was closely associated with Fontana. Melotti taught sculpture from ...