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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 20 April 1900, in Chatillon-Coligny (Loiret); died, Jacques died in 1984.

Painters, sculptors (including bronze/ceramics), decorative designers. Landscapes, figures, animals.

The Adnet twins exhibited together at the Salon des Artistes Français, winning a joint travel scholarship in 1927. They were members of the Salon d'Automne and also exhibited at the Salons des Indépendants and Salon des Tuileries. Their submissions of paintings have largely been of landscapes, but they have also offered paintings of furniture. Their careers later led them into the decorative arts; Jacques created the ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born in S Angelo de Vado.

Painter, stucco artist, potter. Wall decorations.

Agostino Appolloni studied painting at the studio of his uncle Lucio Dolce, who made him his heir. Appolloni then founded a pottery at Castel-Durante. In 1585 he executed mural paintings and stucco work for the church of S Francesco in Castel-Durante....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1 June 1873, in Chicago; died 1953, in Beverly (Massachusetts).

Painter, decorative designer.

Frederick Clay Bartlett studied in Munich and in Paris in the studios of Louis Joseph Collin and Aman-Jean. He took classes with Whistler at his short-lived Paris school before returning to Chicago in ...

Article

Bauhaus  

Rainer K. Wick

[Bauhaus Berlin; Bauhaus Dessau, Hochschule für Gestaltung; Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimar]

German school of art, design and architecture, founded by Walter Gropius. It was active in Weimar from 1919 to 1925, in Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and in Berlin from 1932 to 1933, when it was closed down by the Nazi authorities. The Bauhaus’s name referred to the medieval Bauhütten or masons’ lodges. The school re-established workshop training, as opposed to impractical academic studio education. Its contribution to the development of Functionalism in architecture was widely influential. It exemplified the contemporary desire to form unified academies incorporating art colleges, colleges of arts and crafts and schools of architecture, thus promoting a closer cooperation between the practice of ‘fine’ and ‘applied’ art and architecture. The origins of the school lay in attempts in the 19th and early 20th centuries to re-establish the bond between artistic creativity and manufacturing that had been broken by the Industrial Revolution. According to Walter Gropius in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 31 December 1849, in St Gall; died 1921, in Planegg.

Architect, painter, decorative designer, theorist. Designs (furniture/fabrics/metal objects/ceramics).

Jugendstil.

From 1868 to 1871 Hans Eduard von Berlepsch-Valendas was a student of architecture with Gottfried Sempers in Zurich. After graduating he abandoned architecture while he was living in Frankfurt, to go and train as a painter in Munich (...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Active in Crays Pond, near Reading.

Born 1909, in Essex; died November 1996, in London.

Painter, printmaker, sculptor, ceramicist, textile designer. Portraits, landscapes, urban landscapes.

London Group.

André Bicât was a self-taught artist. Born to French and Anglo-Irish parents, he worked as a theatre designer and scene painter in the 1930s. His theatre work included work for Mercury Theatre Productions in ...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 26 July 1803, in Berlin; died 16 June 1892, in Berlin.

Painter (including porcelain), watercolourist, decorative designer. Landscapes.

Eduard Biermann was primarily a porcelain painter and decorator. He travelled to Switzerland, Italy and the Tyrol and became one of Berlin's first landscape painters....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1909, near Nîmes; died 1985.

Painter, lithographer, ceramicist, decorative artist. Figure compositions, figures, portraits, landscapes, flowers.

Following his studies in Uzès, Jean-Paul Brusset was taught by the sculptor Wlérick in Paris. From 1960 he made long trips to Spain and married the daughter of Diego Rivera and Maria Marevna....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 December 1886, in Saintes; died 1986.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, decorative designer, sculptor, ceramicist. Scenes with figures, nudes, portraits, still-lifes, landscapes, animals. Designs for stained glass.

Japonisme, Art Deco.

School of Bordeaux.

René Buthaud worked first of all in Bordeaux under François Quinsac and then, ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active also active in the USA.

Born 1910, in Ancona; died 1976, in Rome.

Painter, fresco artist, mosaicist, ceramicist, decorative designer. Still-lifes (including musical instruments). Stage sets.

School of Rome group.

In 1915, Corrado Cagli went to live in Rome, where he entered the Accademia di Belle Arti. He later went to Umbria, where he produced frescoes, mosaics and ceramics. Between 1931 and 1935, he executed a mosaic 650 feet (200 metres) long for the fountain in Terni and a fresco, ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1876; died 1960.

Sculptor, illustrator, decorative artist, potter, glassmaker, watercolourist, draughtsman.

Cambellotti's work was shown in the exhibitions Roman Secession, 1913-1916, held in Rome in 1987, and From Glass to Diamond: Artistic Stained Glass in Rome 1912-1925 at the Exhibition Centre in Rome in ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 25 January 1915, in Meudon.

Painter, potter, engraver, decorative artist.

Carbonell studied painting under André Lhote and Roger Bissière, and ceramics under José Artigas. Her special skill lay in decorative ceramics which are on view at a range of public buildings....

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1838, in Geneva; died 1902, in Etrembières, near Geneva.

Painter, watercolourist, potter, enameller. Military subjects, genre scenes, figures, portraits. Panoramas, decorative panels.

Trained by Barthélemy Menn in Geneva, Édouard Castres moved to Paris in 1868, where he studied under Zamacoïs at the École des Beaux-Arts. He exhibited his work in Geneva and at the Salon in Paris. He became a teacher and was awarded medals in Paris and Vienna....

Article

Swiss, 19th century, female.

Born in Geneva.

Painter, watercolourist, ceramicist.

A pupil of Castres, Hébert, Terrier and Bouguereau, Mathilde Cellérier exhibited in Geneva. She was noted as a decorator of ceramics.

Neuchâtel: a work

Paris, 1898: Perspective of a Monument (...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active naturalised in France from 1937.

Born 7 July 1887, in Vitebsk; died 28 March 1985, in St-Paul-de-Vence, France.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, ceramicist, engraver, decorative artist, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures. Murals, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics, low reliefs...

Article

(b Lyon, 1798; d Paris, June 16, 1838).

French painter, designer and interior decorator. Throughout his career he was an advocate of the importance of art and design for industry and manufacture. In 1830 he was appointed adviser to the Sèvres Porcelain Factory by the director Alexandre Brongniart (1770–1847). There Chenavard made cartoons for stained-glass windows, a stoneware ‘Vase de la Renaissance’ shown at the 1833 Sèvres exhibition and designs for the Duc d’Orléans (future King Louis-Philippe), such as a silver-gilt ewer made by M. Durant and shown at the 1834 Paris Exposition Universelle. Chenavard exhibited designs at the Paris Salons of 1827, 1831, 1833 and 1834, among them his Gothic-style designs, in collaboration with Achille Mascret, for the decoration of the chapel at the château of Eu, and his sketches for the restoration of the Théâtre Français and Opéra Comique in Paris. Material by Chenavard is preserved in the Musée National de Céramique at Sèvres and the ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

(b Flensburg, March 6, 1866; d Wiesbaden, Jan 5, 1945).

German designer. After an early career as an interior designer he turned to the design of tapestries (subsequently woven at the Scherbeker Kunstgewerbeschule), porcelain (table wares), drinking glasses (for the Theresienthaler Kristallglasfabrik) and silver cutlery. After 1914 he worked primarily as a painter and writer.

M. Zimmermann-Degen and H. Christiansen...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Painter (including porcelain). Flowers. Decorative schemes.

Louis Chulot worked for the Sèvres porcelain works from 1755 to 1800.

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 15 June 1879, in Paris; died 26 April 1963, in Montmorency.

Painter, potter, designer. Mythological and religious subjects, portraits, nudes, landscapes, urban landscapes, still-lifes. Wall decorations, designs for stained glass.

Georges-Louis Claude was educated at the Bernard Palissy college of design in Paris and went on to teach decorative painting at the school of applied arts there (now the École Supérieure des Arts Appliqués Olivier de Serres), where his students included the future master painter-on-glass Paul Bony and the poster artist Hervé Morvan....