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Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Born 1912, near Buenos Aires.

Painter, potter.

Acebal Y Digoras went to Spain to study at the school of fine arts in Bilbao, then began to exhibit in Bilbao and Paris. After returning to Argentina, he regularly took part in the national salon, as well as in collective events in Latin America, such as the salon in Mar-del-Plata ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 8 March 1918.

Sculptor.

Hans Achtziger worked primarily as a sculptor in decorative work, tin glazed earthenware and porcelain.

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1900, in Marciana Marina (Livorno); died 1971, in Milan.

Painter, ceramicist, illustrator, scenographer, writer. Stage costumes.

Futurism.

Giovanni Acquaviva studied philosophy and law at the University of Pisa, while devoting himself to illustration at the same time. He founded the Futurist group ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1868, in Worcester; died 1947.

Painter. Landscapes.

Harry Adams worked as a decorative artist for the Royal Worcester Porcelain Factory for eight years, before going to study art at the Académie Julian in Paris in 1895. He first exhibited in ...

Article

Canadian First Nations (Oji-Cree), 20th century, female.

Born 28 March 1971, in Yorkton (Saskatchewan).

Installation artist, ceramicist, photographer, sculptor, printmaker.

KC Adams studied at Concordia University, in Montreal, Quebec, where she received her BFA in Studio Arts in 1998. Her artistic practice was further developed through artists’ residencies in Canada, at institutions in Banff, Charlottetown and Winnipeg. During her ...

Article

Andrew Weiner

(b Beirut, 1925).

Lebanese painter and writer active in the USA. Daughter of a Greek Christian mother and a Syrian Muslim father, Adnan was educated in Lebanon before going on to study philosophy at the Sorbonne, Harvard, and the University of California, Berkeley. For many years she taught aesthetics at Dominican College, San Rafael, CA; she also lectured and taught at many other colleges and universities. During the 1970s Adnan regularly contributed editorials, essays, and cultural criticism to the Beirut-based publications Al-Safa and L’Orient-Le Jour. In 1978 she published the novel Sitt Marie Rose, which won considerable acclaim for its critical portrayal of cultural and social politics during the early years of the Lebanese Civil War. Adnan published numerous books of poetry, originating in her opposition to the American war in Vietnam and proceeding to encompass topics as diverse as the landscape of Northern California and the geopolitics of the Middle East. Her poetry served as the basis for numerous works of theater and contemporary classical music....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 20 April 1900, in Chatillon-Coligny (Loiret); died, Jacques died in 1984.

Painters, sculptors (including bronze/ceramics), decorative designers. Landscapes, figures, animals.

The Adnet twins exhibited together at the Salon des Artistes Français, winning a joint travel scholarship in 1927. They were members of the Salon d'Automne and also exhibited at the Salons des Indépendants and Salon des Tuileries. Their submissions of paintings have largely been of landscapes, but they have also offered paintings of furniture. Their careers later led them into the decorative arts; Jacques created the ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 1937, in Nice.

Painter, sculptor, potter.

D'Agaggio lives and works in Antibes. She regularly exhibits in the USA and in France. One of her most notable exhibitions was in 1985, at the Orangery in the Luxembourg Gardens in Paris. The French government has commissioned several ceramic-sculpture monuments from her....

Article

Agano  

Richard L. Wilson

Japanese region in Buzen Province (now part of Fukuoka Prefect.), northern Kyushu, where stonewares were manufactured at various sites from c. 1600 (see also Japan, §IX, 3, (i), (d)).

The first potter to make Agano ware was the Korean master Chon’gye (Jap. Sonkai; 1576–1654). Deported to Kyushu during one of the Japanese invasions of Korea in 1592 and 1597, he entered the service of Hosokawa Tadaoki (1563–1645), the newly appointed governor of Buzen. On the completion of Tadaoki’s fortress at Kokura (now Kitakyushu), Chon’gye built the Saienba kiln, probably within the castle precincts. A site thought to be Saienba was found beneath Myōkōji, the temple that replaced the castle in 1679, and excavations took place between 1979 and 1983. Sherds of both tea ceremony and everyday wares have been found there; they have transparent glazes made with a wood-ash flux, opaque glazes made with a straw-ash flux or brown-black glazes pigmented with iron oxide. Inscriptions on surviving pieces and entries in contemporary diaries indicate that these early products were also called Buzen or Kokura ware. After a few years the Saienba kiln closed, and ...

Article

Christine Mullen Kreamer

(b Jan 25, 1930; d Lomé, Jan 4, 2010).

Togolese painter, sculptor, engraver, stained glass designer, potter and textile designer. Beginning in 1946, he received his secondary education in Dakar, where he also worked in an architecture firm. He travelled to France and received his diplôme supérieur from the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris. A versatile artist, Ahyi is best known for his murals and for monumental stone, marble and cement public sculptures. His work reflects the fusion of his Togolese roots, European training and an international outlook, and he counts among his influences Moore, Braque, Modigliani, Tamayo, Siqueiros and Tall. His work combines ancient and modern themes and materials, maternity being a prominent topic. The messages of his larger, public pieces operate on a broad level to appeal to the general populace, while smaller works often reflect his private engagement with challenges confronting the human condition. His compositions are both abstract and figurative and evoke the heroism and hope of the two world wars, Togo's colonial period and the struggle for independence from France, as well as the political efforts of the peoples of Vietnam, South Africa and Palestine. Ahyi has won numerous international prizes, including the prize of the city of Lyon (...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 22 June 1952, in Bordeaux.

Painter (including mixed media), sculptor, potter. Stage sets.

At the age of 24, Philippe Aïni gave up his job as a pastry cook to become an artist, although he lacked any training. At first, he was supported and encouraged to exhibit by Jean-Pierre Roche of the Galerie Émergences in Bordeaux (...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 2 December 1899, in Albisola; died May 1971, in Albisola.

Ceramicist, draughtsman, painter, sculptor, screen printer, photographer. Artists' books.

Futurism.

Tullio d'Albisola studied with his father Giuseppe, a master potter, then with Gaetano Ballardini at the international university pottery class in Faenza, which he entered in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 10 November 1880, in Béziers.

Painter, potter. Landscapes with figures.

He trained under Cormon at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. His works include landscapes depicting the Aveyron region, which he exhibited at the Salon d'Automne and in particular at the Salon des Artistes Français, of which he was a member....

Article

Mieke van der Wal

(b The Hague, Jan 6, 1876; d The Hague, Dec 11, 1955).

Dutch sculptor and ceramicist. He trained at the Academie van Beeldende Kunsten in The Hague (1894–7) and in various sculpture studios. In 1898 he decorated the shop-front of the gallery Arts and Crafts in The Hague after a design by Johan Thorn Prikker, who advised him to set up on his own. From 1901 Altorf exhibited regularly and successfully; he was represented at the Prima Esposizione Internazionale d’Arte Decorativa Moderna in Turin in 1902, where he won a silver medal, and at the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes in Paris in 1925.

Altorf was a leading exponent of Dutch Art Nouveau. His work is characterized by a strong simplification of form. It is often compared with that of Joseph Mendes da Costa but is somewhat more angular and austere. At first Altorf made mainly animal forms from various types of wood, ivory, bronze and ceramic. In firing his modelled figures, he worked with the ceramicist ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, female.

Born in Zurich.

Sculptor, potter.

Manuela d'Altri-Knodel is the daughter of the sculptor Arnold d'Altri. She trained at a very young age in her father's studio in Zurich, then at art school in Colchester and the Scuola di Ceramica in Vietri. Her works appear in exhibitions in Switzerland, Germany and Italy....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 27 January 1922, in Aix-en-Provence; died October 1995.

Sculptor, ceramicist. Architectural integration, monuments.

Jean Amado studied drawing and painting from 1940-1941. He then joined the Resistance against the German occupation until 1944 - first in Aix, then in the department of Drôme. In ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1874, in Hanau; died 1913, in Berlin.

Sculptor, worker in precious metals. Figures. Designs (ceramics/metal objects).

Jugendstil.

Adolf Amberg trained at the academy of fine arts in Berlin. He went to Paris and worked at the Académie Julian, exhibiting at the Salon of ...

Article

Lisa M. Binder

(b Anyako, Ghana, June 13, 1944).

Ghanaian sculptor, active in Nigeria. He earned a bachelor’s degree in sculpture (1968) and a postgraduate diploma in art education from the University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana (1969). After graduation he taught at the Specialist Training College (now University of Winneba), Ghana, in a position vacated by the eminent sculptor Vincent Kofi. From 1975 he was Professor of Sculpture at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Anatsui’s practice often makes use of found objects including bottle caps, milk-tins and cassava graters. However, he is not concerned with recycling or salvaging; instead he seeks meaning in the ways materials can be transformed to make statements about history, culture and memory.

His early work consists of ceramic sculptures manipulated to reconfigure pieces of memory. In 1978 he began his Broken Pots series, which was exhibited the following year at the British Council in Enugu, Nigeria. Several of the ceramic works were made of sherds that were fused together by a grog-like cement of broken pieces. Making art historical references to ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 24 September 1914; died January 1985, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, ceramicist. Designs for tapestries and stained-glass windows.

Maurice André participated in several of the annual Paris Salons, and staged an exhibition of his watercolours in 1952. He won the Grand Prix International de Création at the Brussels exhibition of ...

Article

Croat, 20th century, male.

Born 6 October 1916, in London, of Croatian parents; died 27 February 2002, in Zagreb.

Sculptor (bronze/terracotta). Figures, nudes. Monuments.

Kosta Angeli Radovani studied at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera in Milan from 1934 to 1938, where he was advised by the sculptor Francesco Messina, and visited Czechoslovakia, England, France, Greece, Italy and the USA on study trips. In ...