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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1945, in Paris.

Painter, installation artist, intervention artist, performance artist, photographer. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art, Land Art, Body Art.

The beginnings of Borgeaud's work, as it was to develop subsequently, can be dated from 1969, the year of the exhibition event ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 25 March 1938, in Boulogne-sur-Seine.

Painter, installation artist, environmental artist.

Conceptual Art.

BMPT Group.

Daniel Buren was a pupil in Paris at the École des Art Appliqués, then the École des Beaux-Arts, where he was a fellow student of Parmentier, Viallat and Kermarrec. In the 1960s he travelled very widely. Daniel Buren seldom takes part in group exhibitions, though there have been a few exceptions, such as the Paris Biennale des Jeunes of ...

Article

Mary M. Tinti

(b Houston, TX, 1951).

American sculptor, installation and conceptual artist. His multimedia works investigate the pathology of contemporary culture. Mel Chin was born and raised in Houston, Texas to parents of Chinese birth and received his BA in 1975 from the Peabody College in Nashville, Tennessee. The works in Chin’s oeuvre are diverse in both medium and subject, but a consistent undercurrent of social, political, and environmental responsibility runs throughout. Whether a sculpture, film, video game, installation, public project or earthwork, Chin’s artworks consistently targeted a broad spectrum of pressing cultural and ecological interests and spread their message in subtle, if not viral ways.

In the 1980s, Chin produced a number of sculptures that set the stage for his ever-evocative artistic journey. The Extraction of Plenty from What Remains: 1823 (1988–9) is a frequently referenced piece from this period. It is a symbolic encapsulation of the effects of the Monroe Doctrine, referencing the complicated dealings between the US (represented by truncated replicas of White House columns) and Central America (represented by a cornucopia of mahogany branches, woven banana-tree fiber, and a surface layer of hardened blood, mud, and coffee grinds). From the 1990s, however, Chin moved away from strictly gallery-based installations and began creating works that directly engaged contemporary culture in a variety of physical and theoretical landscapes....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1938, in Budapest, Hungary.

Draughtswoman (ink).

Conceptual Art, Environmental Art.

Agnes Denes started out as a painter, but abandoned this in 1968 in favour of what she described as a 'new visual, personal language'. She is one of the originators of Conceptual art, and a pioneer of environmental art, dealing with ecological, cultural and social issues in her work. In her images, geometric structures rigorously elaborated in ink on graph paper, she conceives reality as a structure incapable of being seized in its totality. She delivers a theoretical, mathematical and scientific reflection, a concept 'that dictates the method of representation' inspired by universal history. She has written several theoretical essays....

Article

(b Budapest, 1931).

American conceptual and environmental artist of Hungarian birth. She was educated in Sweden and the USA. In much of her work she presented analytical propositions in visual form, seeking to re-evaluate existing knowledge, and her work came to be seen as a process of investigation, incorporating both philosophy and science but also using elements of myth. In her book Map Projections she relinquished accepted forms of knowledge of the planet earth and sought new possibilities, presenting them in the form of drawings. Thus, for example, ‘longitude and latitude lines were unravelled, points of intersection cut, continents allowed to drift, gravity tampered with [and] earth mass altered.’ The element of game-playing in this was important, as was the belief in the possibility of changing our understanding of the world. Denes felt it was important to ‘accept the possibility that there may be no language to describe ultimate reality, beyond the language of visions’ (e.g. ...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 9 May 1941, in Weert.

Painter, photographer.

Conceptual Art, Land Art.

Dibbets attended Jan Gregoor's painting classes in Eindhoven between 1961 and 1963. He was a student at St Martin's School of Art in London in 1967, then lived in Amsterdam. From ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 1940, in Geneva.

Intervention artist, mixed media.

Conceptual Art.

Gérard Ducimetierre stages interventions and events, making observations on what he calls the planetary environment. He will launch an event simultaneously in different places around the world; these are ephemeral moments with no real importance, intended as an examination of the behaviour of a neutral object (such as a piece of paper) which is discarded at the same time in several towns around the globe. Alternatively, he will look at an object from a different angle, for example by planting a tree upside down....

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Active also in the USA.

Born 1941, in Amsterdam; died 17 August 2014.

Environmental artist, assemblage artist, painter (mixed media).

Conceptual Art.

Van Elk attended the applied arts institute in Amsterdam from 1959 to 1961. He also studied history of art at the Immaculate Heart College in Los Angeles ...

Article

Czechoslovak, 20th century, male.

Born 15 July 1937, in Velké-Hradné.

Assemblage artist, environmental artist, happenings artist.

Conceptual Art.

Stano Filko studied at the higher college of fine art in Bratislava. He began exhibiting in his country, Italy and France.

Filko attracted attention with complex assemblages of religious images and erotic photographs ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in London.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor, photographer. Artists' books.

Conceptual Art, Land Art.

After studying in London at St Martin's from 1966 to 1968, Hamish Fulton went on to study photography in 1969. Fulton is interested in landscape and has much in common with Land Art, although his approach is quite different. Unlike Richard Long - with whom he travelled in South America - Fulton does not intervene on site. He builds his work around the physical impression that a space leaves on the body when walking, first in timeless photographs with brief captions and then, from ...