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Chinese, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1953.

Painter, sculptor. Portraits, still-lifes, landscapes.

or Zheng Zaidong

Cheng Tsai-tung trained in journalism before switching to painting. While technically fairly rudimentary, his work proceeds from a synthetic vision that he renders in large flat areas.

1984–1985, Taiwan New Painting...

Article

Norihisa Mizuta

[Bussai; Dokusō; Gakusen; Hanbutsu koji; Kyūsui Gyojin; Mandarakyo]

(b Kyoto, 1738; d Osaka, 1797).

Japanese seal-carver, poet and editor. Afflicted by poverty in Kyoto, he moved to Osaka, where he studied Confucianism and Chinese literature with Katayama Hokkai (1723–90) and Hosoai Hansai (1727–1803) and joined the society of Chinese poetry, the Kontonshisha. He learnt seal-carving from Kō Fuyō and was so successful in absorbing the characteristics of the Archaic school that he was known as ‘Fuyō’s shadow’. Together with Maegawa Kyoshū and Katsu Shikin, he was an important advocate of the Archaic school in the Naniwa (now Osaka) area (see Japan §XVII 20.).

Albums of seals he carved include the Rekiken sanbō inpu, Dokusōan in’in and the Gakusen in’in. Shii also researched the background to seal scholarship and wrote the works Insekikō (‘Thoughts on borrowed seals’) and Ingosan (‘Outline of seal terms’). The Insekikō, published posthumously in 1802, is a catalogue raisonné of Japanese and Chinese seal albums introduced to Japan at that time. It also assesses the state and level of seal scholarship. No such catalogue had hitherto been compiled, even in China, and it was highly praised. The ...

Article

Mayching Kao

[ Yang Yingfeng ; Yang Yuyu ]

(b Yilan, Taiwan, Dec 4, 1926).

Chinese sculptor and painter . He studied architecture, sculpture and painting in Tokyo, Beijing, Taipei and Rome. In a long and productive career as art editor, teacher and artist, Yang won critical acclaim as the foremost sculptor and landscape architect in Taiwan, receiving numerous prestigious commissions for sculpture and environmental design in Taiwan and abroad. Yang’s artistic development reflected the crystallization of his personal experience in the fast-changing modern world and his study of Chinese and Western art. His art evolved from realism in the 1950s to semi-abstraction in the early 1960s, when modern art movements emerged in Taiwan. Deeply influenced by Chinese philosophical concepts of the harmony of man and nature as well as the unity of life and art, Yang turned to abstraction in the late 1960s. His monumental works in cast bronze and stainless steel attempted to capture the life force of nature and the changing relationship of solids and voids within art and its environment....

Article

Suzanne Elaine Wright

[Hu cheng-yen; zi Yuecong; hao Cigong, Moan laoren, Shizhuzhai zhuren]

(b Wenchangfang, Anhui Province, 1584/1585; d 1673/1674).

Chinese calligrapher, painter, seal-carver, printer, and publisher. He moved from Anhui province to Nanjing, the southern capital of the Ming, by 1619 and established a publishing concern there named Shizhuzhai (“Ten Bamboo Studio”). He produced ink, seals, and printed stationery paper, as well as books on subjects including medical practice, etymology, phonetics, poetry, and the works for which he is best known today: Shizhuzhai shuhuapu (“Ten Bamboo Studio handbook of calligraphy and painting”) and Shizhuzhai jianpu (“Ten Bamboo Studio handbook of letter papers”). After the death of the Chongzhen emperor (reg 1627–1644) and the fall of Beijing to the Manchus, a rump court was established in Nanjing in 1644. Because of Hu’s reputation as a practitioner of seal script and seal-carver, he was commissioned to create a state seal for the Hongguang emperor (reg 1645). Hu was offered a position as zhongshu sheren (“Drafter in the Secretariat”), but turned it down. After the Manchus occupied Nanjing in ...