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Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born in Madrid.

Sculptor.

Symbolism.

In addition to his studies at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid, José Alcovero y Lopez also benefited from the advice of his father, José Alcovero y Amoros. In 1899...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1949, in Paris.

Sculptor (bronze). Figures. Statuettes.

Symbolism.

Alvarez is a self-taught artist. He began by sculpting steel. He lives and works in Paris and set up an experimental foundry in Touraine. His figures of men and women are pure and round. He exhibited collectively in ...

Article

Russian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1873; died 1932.

Sculptor, draughtsman. Busts, monuments.

Symbolism.

Nicolai Andreevich Andreev received the authorisation to draw in Lenin's office in 1919; from these drawings, which later were also used by other artists, he executed a series of busts that made him famous. Andreev also sculpted the monuments in Moscow to Gogol and Herzen, the 19th-century revolutionary writer....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1953, in Paris.

Sculptor, draughtsman.

Symbolism.

Jean Anguera is the grandson of the sculptor Pablo Gargallo. He graduated in architecture in 1978 (UP2) in Paris. He also attended lectures by César Baldaccini at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris (...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in Shilova, Lithuania; died, 2 July 2015, in Sudbury, Massachusetts.

Painter, sculptor, pastellist. Figures, portraits.

Symbolism.

David Aronson was the son of a rabbi and arrived in the USA at the age of five. He founded the School of Art at the University of Boston, which he ran for 30 years. He received many awards including the Purchase Prize at the National Academy of Fine Arts in ...

Article

Kirk Ambrose

(b Moscow, May 7, 1903; d Paris, Jan 25, 1988).

Lithuanian art historian, scholar of folklore and Egyptology, and diplomat of Russian birth. Son of the celebrated Lithuanian Symbolist poet of the same name, Jurgis Baltrušaitis II studied under Henri(-Joseph) Focillon at the Sorbonne and earned the PhD in 1931. The concerns of his mentor are evident in La stylistique ornementale dans la sculpture romane (1931), which reprises and extends arguments for the ‘law of the frame’ in Romanesque sculpture. Accordingly, the shapes of architectural members, such as capitals and tympana, determined the articulation of sculptural forms. This theory could account for the genesis of a wide array of monumental carvings, from foliate capitals to narrative reliefs, but ultimately it had a rather limited impact on the field of Romanesque sculptural studies. In a scathing critique, Schapiro argued that Baltrušaitis’s book—and by implication Focillon’s methods—robbed Romanesque sculptors of agency and neglected the religious and expressive meanings of this art form....

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Also active in France.

Born 1 January 1888, in Kherson; died 1944, deported to a concentration camp during World War II.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), sculptor.

Symbolism, Orphism.

After his secondary school studies in Odessa, Baranoff-Rossiné studied at the Academy of Art in St Petersburg from 1903 to 1907. He devoted himself to a career in painting. From 1907 to 1910, he exhibited with various groups including...

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 29 March 1877, in Koziezin; died 1954, in Paris.

Sculptor, painter.

Symbolism.

Boleslaw Biegas was apprenticed in 1895 to the wood sculptor Antoni Panasiuk in Warsaw. In 1896 he showed a series of sculptures at a bookseller's in Warsaw and in the same year he was admitted to the academy of fine art in Cracow with Daun and Laszczka. He then started exhibiting at the city's Society for the Encouragement of Fine Art. Introduced to oil painting in ...

Article

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Born in Seville.

Sculptor. Allegorical subjects.

Symbolism.

Joaquín Bilbao y Martínez won a bronze medal at the 1900 Exposition Universelle and a distinction at the 1902 Salon des Artistes Français.

Madrid (Mus. de Arte Moderno): Dream of Death

Article

Czech, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 6 November 1872, in Chýnov; died 13 October 1941, in Chýnov.

Sculptor, engraver.

Symbolism.

Mánes Group.

Frantisek Bilek lived in Bohemia, working sometimes in Prague, sometimes in Chýnov. A student at the academy of fine art in Prague from ...