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Article

Chinese, 16th century, male.

Activec.1500.

Born in Pucheng (Fujian).

Painter.

Chen Zihe was originally a sculptor, but afterwards devoted himself to painting in the style of Lin Liang and Wu Wei.

London (British Mus.): Rocks and Chrysan­themums (with the seal of the artist...

Article

Enkai  

Japanese, 11th century, male.

Active during the first half of the 11th century.

Sculptor.

Enkai was a Buddhist monk from Mount Shigi near Nara. He was one of the first ­sculptors to use the yosegi (joined-wood) style of carving, whereby monumental sculp­- tures were made from several different blocks of wood that had been carved separately and then put together. Until that time, these large wooden figures had been carved using the ichiboku technique, meaning out of a single block of wood. Enkai’s famous seated statue of ...

Article

Eri  

Japanese, 9th – 10th century, male.

Born 852 or 856; died 20 January or 24 December 935.

Painter, sculptor (wood).

Eri was the abbot of the Toji temple in Kyoto. He was initially bursar to the novices in 915. In August 928, he became assistant ‘master of the law’; in December, second in superior; in 932, ‘master of the law’; and in December, senior assistant to the monks....

Article

Japanese, 16th century, male.

Active at the end of the 16th century.

Born in Fushimi.

Sculptor.

Hidari Jingoro is considered one Japan’s greatest artists. His wood carving Sleeping Cat, one of the most famous works in Japan, is kept behind a silver grille in the Leyasu Temple. He was also an architect....

Article

Injo  

Japanese, 11th century, male.

Died 1108.

Sculptor.

Injo, a Buddhist sculptor, is said to be the son of Kakujo or Chosei and the grandson of Jocho, a great sculptor who died in 1057. He was therefore part of an important line of artists who formed one of the two main currents of Buddhist art at the beginning of the Heian period. He is considered the founder of the Shichijo Omiya studio in Kyoto, where he continued to work, with his numerous assistants, in the style of Jocho. It was probably for this reason that he received the honorary title of ...

Article

Injo  

Japanese, 13th century, male.

Active at the end of the 13th century.

Sculptor.

Injo was a Buddhist sculptor who received the title of Hoin (an ecclesiastical title conferred on sculptors). In 1295, he executed the Jizo Bosatsu (Sanskrit: Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha) of the Umegahata cemetery in Kyoto....

Article

Inkaku  

Japanese, 12th century, male.

Active during the first half of the 12th century.

Sculptor.

Inkaku, a Buddhist artist in the line of Jocho who died in 1057, worked in the Shichijo Omiya studio, founded in Kyoto by Injo, who died in 1108. He is said to be the sculptor of the statue of the Amida Buddha (Sanskrit: Amithaba Buddha) in the Hokongo-in monastery in Kyoto, dated ...

Article

Inkei  

Japanese, 12th century, male.

Active during the second half of the 12th century.

Died 1179.

Sculptor.

Inkei, who lived at Nishikikoji Omiya in Kyoto, was probably the son of Inkaku. He was considered a master sculptor ( dai busshi) and, like his father, worked in the style of Jocho (died in ...

Article

Inken  

Japanese, 13th century, male.

Active at the beginning of the 13th century.

Sculptor.

Inken, the son of Incho, was a Buddhist sculptor at the beginning of the Kamakura period. He was a member of the In School, founded by the sculptor Inson in Kyoto. In the twelfth month of ...

Article

Inken  

Japanese, 15th century, male.

Active at the beginning of the 15th century.

Sculptor.

Inken held the title of Ho-in (‘seal of the law’, the highest title in the ecclesiastical hierarchy, also conferred on sculptors). In the third month of 1404 he executed a statue of Shotoku Taishi (Prince Shotoku, 572-622), the first great supporter of Buddhism in Japan, for the Jodo-ji temple in Onomichi, in Hyogo Prefecture....