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Article

Mexican, 20th century, male.

Born 1936, in Mexico.

Artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

Alcaraz-Laus was noticed at the Biennale des Jeunes in Paris in 1971. Under the title Double 1, he presented an encounter between a dancer and that dancer's image, a conceptual production revolving around the theme of the body and its representation, one that was in favour at that time....

Article

Horacio Safons

(b Buenos Aires, Jan 14, 1915; d Barcelona, Oct 14, 1965).

Argentine painter, sculptor, performance artist, conceptual artist, poet and illustrator. After studying in Buenos Aires at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes and with Cecilia Marcovich and Tomás Maldonado, he quickly established a reputation for his scandalous views, attracting extreme disapproval and equally strong support. After delivering a lecture at the Juan Cristóbal bookshop, Buenos Aires, entitled ‘Alberto Greco y los pájaros’ he was briefly imprisoned for his ‘Communism and subversive acts’. On his release in the same year he travelled to Paris on a French government grant, selling drawings and watercolours in the cafés and studying painting with Fernand Léger and printmaking with Johnny Friedlaender. Between 1956 and 1958 he lived in São Paulo, where he became aware of Art informel; he painted in this style in the late 1950s and early 1960s (Glusberg, pp. 284–5).

As early as 1959, when he had returned from São Paulo to Buenos Aires, Greco had expressed his corrosive vision of society through the form of his work. In his shows he exhibited tree trunks and rags for cleaning window gratings or floors. He moved again to Paris in ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Born 1936, in Junín (Province of Buenos Aires); died 2002.

Sculptor, assemblage artist, installation artist, performance artist. Still-lifes.

Conceptual Art.

Victor Grippo was influenced by the 'poor theatre' promoted by Grotowski at a conference in Argentina and specialised in creating boxes attached to walls and particularly tables. These range from desks covered in quotations from Argentinian writers to farmers', carpenters' and stonemasons' tables, dining tables with crockery and food and in particular potatoes, which are a recurring motif in his work, sometimes associated with electricity....

Article

Brazilian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1948, in Rio de Janeiro.

Performance artist, assemblage artist, installation artist.

Conceptual Art.

Cildo Meireles studied at the school of fine arts in Rio de Janeiro. He spent two years in New York between 1971 and 1973 and now lives in Rio de Janeiro. He belongs to the generation of Brazilian artists that includes Arthur Alipio Barrio, Antonio Manuel de Oliveira and Liuz Alphonsus de Guimaraes, which emerged in the second half of the 1960s and practised the avant-garde techniques of body art arising out of the New Objectivity movement in Brazil, between ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, female.

Born 1943.

Sculptor, environmental artist, happenings artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

In 1965 in collaboration with Ruben Santanonin, Marta Minujin created La Menesunda (Confusion) at the Torcuato Di Tella institute in Buenos Aires. The institute was founded in 1958 as a private initiative and encourages the expression of avant-garde art in Argentina. Her piece was a kind of polymorphous interior environment offering the public visual and tactile sensations. It included a closed-circuit video, a mirror gallery, air-stream blown confetti and corridors with soft surfaces. In ...

Article

Lelia Delgado

(b New York, March 1, 1940).

Venezuelan conceptual and performance artist. She studied psychology at the Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas, and sat in on classes at the Escuela de Artes Plásticas Cristóbal Rojas (now the Escuela de Artes Visuales Cristóbal Rojas) in Caracas, at which she later taught (1983–94). In 1962–6 she studied art at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), graduating with a degree in Plastic Arts (1966). Sosa returned to Venezuela in 1966 and combined her work with investigations into the expressive possibilities of the body. She was a founder-member of the dance group Contradanza (1973–6) and performed in Las cosas que nos pasan in Caracas. From 1970 she was highly active as a teacher of expression through movement and the plastic arts. In her work (examples in Caracas, Mus. B.A. and Ciudad Bolívar, Mus.) she reflected upon the surface and space and on the body as an instrument for the comprehension of such space. Sosa also used the chair as a structure from which to ponder the world, space and the role of the spectator....