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S. J. Vernoit

[Edhem, Osman Hamdi; Hamdi Bey]

(b Istanbul, Dec 30, 1842; d Eskihisar, Gebze, nr Istanbul, Feb 24, 1910).

Turkish painter, museum director and archaeologist. In 1857 he was sent to Paris, where he stayed for 11 years, training as a painter under Gustave Boulanger and Jean-Léon Gérôme. On returning to Turkey he served in various official positions, including two years in Baghdad as chargé d’affaires, while at the same time continuing to paint. In 1873 he worked on a catalogue of costumes of the Ottoman empire, with photographic illustrations, for the Weltausstellung in Vienna. In 1881 he was appointed director of the Archaeological Museum at the Çinili Köşk, Topkapı Palace, in Istanbul. He persuaded Sultan Abdülhamid II (reg 1876–1909) to issue an order against the traffic in antiquities, which was put into effect in 1883, and he began to direct excavations within the Ottoman empire. As a result he brought together Classical and Islamic objects for the museum in Istanbul, including the Sarcophagus of Alexander, unearthed in Sidon in ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Athens.

Painter.

Nouvelle Figuration.

Kyriakos Katzourakis studied at the school of fine arts in Athens from 1963 to 1968. His paintings are realist in style and use a typeset layout reminiscent of journalistic discourse, juxtaposing images, the aim being to accuse and seek revindication. He has taken part in collective exhibitions and had his first solo exhibition in Athens in ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, female.

Active in France from 1945.

Born 19 March 1914.

Painter.

Anna Kindynis lived in Paris from 1945 and started to exhibit there in 1947. Her painting style is realist with overtones of pathos.