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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1940, in Pittsburgh.

Painter (mixed media), watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman.

Conceptual Art, Copy Art.

Mel Bochner studied at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh. He settled in New York in 1964.

He stood out among the exponents of Conceptual Art in his use of writing systems as a primary material for artistic expression, especially figures or series. There is a similarity between certain works by Bochner and some of those of Berlewi, but whereas Berlewi, in the 1920s, used stencils to repeat geometrical structures in mechanical fashion, Mel Bochner, in the 1960s, drew his geometrical figures by hand, although they were also based on the repetition of the same element, usually the point. For a period of a few years, Bochner's interest in the problem of the representation of writing and the word led him to construct installations. From ...

Article

Native American (Cheyenne and Arapaho), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 22 November, 1954, in Wichita (Kansas).

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor, printmaker, installation artist, conceptual artist, educator.

Edgar Heap of Birds is one of the most distinguished North American indigenous artists of his generation. His works reveal a distinctly critical and historical awareness of the ways that American Indian peoples, their histories and their viewpoints have been ignored and written over under colonialism. He has received numerous honours, presenting his work in competition for the United States Pavilion at the 52nd Venice Biennale (...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 7 August 1939, in Sharon (Pennsylvania); died 8 December 1996, in Richmond (Virginia).

Printmaker, painter, installation artist. Artists’ books.

Conceptual Art. Fluxus.

Davi Det Hompson was primarily known for making artists’ books, at a time in the 1970s when they had become a significant medium for artists in the Conceptualist tradition. Hompson studied at Anderson College in Indiana, and received an MFA in graphic design from Indiana University-Bloomington in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active in Italy.

Born 9 September 1928, in Hartford (Connecticut); died 8 April 2007, in New York.

Painter (gouache), installation artist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Artists’ books.

Conceptual Art, Minimal Art.

From 1945 to 1949 Sol LeWitt was a student at the University of Syracuse, New York. In 1951–1952 he did military service in Japan and Korea. By 1953 he was studying in New York at Cartoons Illustrators, which later became the School of Visual Arts. He worked for the magazine ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 9 February 1931, in Kansas City.

Sculptor, painter, performance artist, draughtsman, engraver.

Conceptual Art, Minimal Art, Process Art, Antiform.

From 1948 to 1950 Robert Morris studied engineering and art at the University of Kansas City and from 1950 to 1952 at the California School of Fine Arts, San Francisco. In 1961 he studied art history at Hunter College, New York. He settled in Gardiner, New York State....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 16 December 1937, in Omaha (Nebraska), United States.

Painter, engraver, film producer, photographer. Artists’ books.

Conceptual Art.

In 1942, the family of Edward Joseph Ruscha moved to Oklahoma City. Ruscha trained as a commercial artist at the Chouinard Art Institute (now California Institute of the Arts), Los Angeles, from 1956; he then settled in Los Angeles....

Article

(b Newark, NJ, April 10, 1938).

American painter, printmaker, and conceptual artist. She wanted to become an artist from an early age. She studied graphic art at the Pratt Institute, New York (1956–8), and painting and comparative literature at Boston University (1958–60). Steir noted her teachers Richard Lindner and Philip Guston and her studies of Voltaire and Leibniz as highly influential on her work. Her wide visual vocabulary stems from her foundation in graphics and illustration at Pratt. In the early 1960s she worked as a freelance book-cover designer, and as art director at publishers Harper & Row, New York (1965–9), simultaneously pursuing her own painting. Her first mature works were exhibited in solo shows at the Graham Gallery and Paley & Lowe, New York (1972). They are characterized by grids, informalized colour or tonal charts and scales, painterly marks, letters, numbers, signs, and the rendering of such simple motifs as birds, shells, flowers, mountains, and clouds. In the late 1970s Steir was on the board of the feminist magazines ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 2 December 1942, in Holyoke, Massachusetts.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman (ink), lithographer, photographer, mixed media, video artist. Figures, portraits, landscapes.

Bad Painting, Conceptual Art.

William Wegman graduated from the Massachusetts College of Art, Boston, and went on to study printmaking at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. His early work consisted of Minimalist paintings and sculptures, but he later began making conceptual works, which he documented with photographs. He made his name in the 1970s with photographs and videos of his Weimaraner dog Man Ray, who also features in his paintings and drawings. He adds captions to his paintings and drawings, some copying text from 1950s children’s encyclopaedias. In the 1980s Wegman continued making photographs of his dogs, generating public attention from children and adults. These deadpan, quirky portraits give them a near-human quality, especially when Wegman began posing them in period costumes, roller skates, and in tableau-vivant settings of everyday life. His series of fairy-tale portraits of the dogs have been described as transfigurations. He returned to painting in the mid-1980s and in 1998, after a 20-year hiatus, Wegman began making video works, usually depicting himself performing monologues. The light-hearted and ironic tone of his videos explores what has been described as ‘the aesthetic of boredom’. In 2003, he showed works in which he had painted around postcards glued to wood panels. He experiments with varied styles, from conceptual art to Hyperrealism, from Orientalism to Luminism. He is based in New York....