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Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 7 May 1694, in Paris; died 10 September 1774, in Paris.

Engraver, print publisher, writer, art lover.

Pierre-Jean Mariette occupies a position of great importance in the 18th century, representing as he does the archetype of the French connoisseur. His literary legacy forms an invaluable record of the art of the period; for example, the notes that he added to P. Orlandi's primer, which were published in the ...

Article

Angela Lohrey

German publisher, writer and art historian. After obtaining a doctorate in law from the University of Altdorf, he travelled (1756–7) to Strasbourg, the Netherlands and England, where he met well-known figures in science, art and politics. In 1758 he set off again from Nuremberg to Vienna and northern Italy. Besides his employment as a Nuremberg weighmaster and customs official from ...

Article

Howard Caygill

German writer and publisher. As an apprentice bookseller in Frankfurt an der Oder in the late 1740s, he attended Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten’s lectures on aesthetics. His first and only important critical work, Briefe über den jetzigen Zustand der schönen Wissenschaften in Deutschland (Berlin, 1755), earned him the friendship of Gotthold Ephraim Lessing and Moses Mendelssohn for its irenic posture in the controversy over aesthetics between Joachim Christoph Gottsched and the Zurich School. However, Nicolai is significant less for his own writings than for publishing some of the most influential critical ...

Article

Dutch timber merchant, collector, printmaker, print publisher, draughtsman and art theorist. He was one of the most important Dutch dilettanti of the 18th century. His interest in art began at an early age, and from the age of 12 he was taught drawing by Norbert van Bloemen (...

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Born 1775 or 1753, in Berlin; died 26 December 1804, in Berlin.

Engraver (wood), writer, print publisher.

The son of Johann Georg, Johann Unger was a member of the academy in Berlin, where he was to teach. He primarily engraved after the drawings of J. W. Meil....