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Article

A. H.  

German, 16th – 17th century, male.

Monogram of an engraver, copyist. Religious subjects.

A. H. was a copyist of Albrecht Dürer. A print dated 1589 is attributed to him: The Virgin Crowned with Stars, after the work by Dürer.

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Born c. 1600, in Città di Castello; died 1656.

Painter, fresco artist, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects.

A pupil of Giuseppe Cesari Cavaliero d'Arpino; reputed to be a skilful painter of historical themes and frescoes. He assisted Bernini on various projects. Abbatini is known to have painted the ceiling of the S Teresa Chapel in Rome's S Maria della Vittoria Church. He was a member of the Accademia di San Luca in Rome. Also known for drawings made for the frontispiece and other plates for ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 9 February 1927, in London; died 9 March 2005, in London.

Painter, illustrator, theatre designer. Religious themes.

London Group.

Norman Adams was a student at Harrow School of Art (1940-1946) before he went on to the Royal College of Art in London (...

Article

A. Gerhardt

Benedictine abbey on the River Enns in Styria, Austria. It was founded in the mid-11th century by Bishop Gebhard from Salzburg, endowed by St Henna von Gurk, Gräfin von Friessach (d 1045), and settled by Benedictine monks from St Peter’s, Salzburg under Abbot Isingrin. The Romanesque minster (consecrated 1074), which was dedicated to St Blaise, was famous for its marble columns and was rebuilt after a fire in 1152; a Gothic choir was added in 1276–86. The present church incorporates Romanesque side doors as well as other fragments. The abbey became an important cultural centre with a renowned scriptorium. Amongst the many famous scholars there was Abbot Engelbert of Admont (reg 1297–1327). From 1121 to the 16th century a convent was attached to the abbey. Under the abbots Mathias Preininger (reg 1615–28) and Urban Weber (reg 1628–59) the whole establishment was transformed in the Baroque style, and the church was rebuilt (...

Article

Afzal  

[Mir Afżal al-Ḥusaynī al-Tūnī]

(fl Isfahan, 1640–51).

Persian illustrator. Active during the reign of the Safavid shah ‛Abbas II (reg 1642–66), Afzal produced manuscript illustrations and single pages for albums in different styles. Most of the 62 paintings he made for the voluminous copy (St Petersburg, Saltykov-Shchedrin Pub. Lib., Dorn 333) of Firdawi’s Shāhnāma (‘Book of kings’) presented to the monarch by the head of the royal guard, Murtiza Quli Khan, are scenes of battles and combats in the Metropolitan style that was transferred from Herat to Bukhara (see Islamic art, §III, 4(vi)(c)). Unlike the tinted drawings of his contemporaries, Afzal’s single-page compositions use a rich, sombre palette highlighted with gold. Most depict the standard repertory of languid youths and lovers in the style of Riza, but are more erotic. Bishop with a Crosier (Los Angeles, CA, Co. Mus. A., M.73.5.456) is the only known Persian portrait of an Armenian religious figure; it shows a broad-faced, sensitively modelled figure similar in style to those in the ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1757, in Niort (Deux-Sèvres); died 1828.

Painter, copyist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

His religious and mythological scenes and his portraits sometimes have a lyric quality reminiscent of Delacroix. He is also known for his Schemes for a New System for Promotion of the Arts...

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 1777, in Cremona; died 1857.

Painter, watercolourist, decorative designer, illustrator. Portraits, landscapes with figures, landscapes. Murals, church decoration, theatre decoration.

Agostino Aglio trained in Milan at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera. In 1803 he went to England to collaborate with William Wilkins, the architect, on a work concerning the antiquities of ancient Greece, which was published in ...

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Painter, copyist. Religious subjects.

Lived on Capri around 1670 and is listed in the records of the Confraternità di S Rocco as having copied the paintings by Guido Reni that decorate the altar of S Rocco.

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born c. 1750, in Rome.

Painter, copyist. Religious subjects.

Followed in the footsteps of his mentor Christoph Unterberger, painting chiefly churches, but also produced drawings for subsequent engraving, notably: Christ on the Cross (De la Cour) and Life of Jesus and the Virgin...

Article

Wheeler M. Thackston

[Mīr Sayyid Aḥmad al-Ḥusaynī al-Mashhadī]

(b Mashhad; fl 1550–74; d Mazandaran, 1578).

Persian calligrapher. He belonged to a family of Husayni sayyids, or descendants of the Prophet, and his father was a chandler. He was trained in calligraphy at Herat by Mir ‛Ali Husayni Haravi. When Mir ‛Ali was taken to Bukhara by the Uzbeks in 1529, Mir Sayyid Ahmad followed his master and was employed in the workshop of ‛Abd al-‛Aziz Khan, Shaybanid ruler of Bukhara. After the Khan’s death in 1550, Mir Sayyid Ahmad returned to Iran. For some years he served the Safavid shah Tahmasp (reg 1524–76) before retiring to Mashhad, where he taught calligraphy. When Tahmasp revoked his pension, Mir Sayyid Ahmad lived in penury until Mir Murad Khan, governor of Mazandaran province, visited Mashhad in 1557 and invited the calligrapher to his court. After Mir Murad Khan’s death, Mir Sayyid Ahmad returned again to Mashhad. He was in charge of assembling the Amir Ghayb Beg Album (Istanbul, Topkapı Pal. Lib., H. 2161), a splendid album of painting and calligraphy completed in ...