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Article

Alan Powers

English illustrator and author. From 1905 he grew up in England, becoming a professional artist in 1926 after part-time study at the Westminster School of Art, London. He became known as an illustrator of genre scenes in a variety of media, often with a comic Victorian flavour. He was best known for illustrated stories, the first of which, ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1882, in Yokohama; died 1974.

Painter, illustrator.

Groups: Issuikai, Nitten.

Ikuma Arishima studied under Fujishima Takeji, a painter with leanings towards Western art. He was a member of the Issui-kai and the Nitten and subsequently founded the Nika-kai . In 1923...

Article

Xu Bing  

Melissa Chiu

Chinese installation artist . Xu Bing spent much of his childhood in Beijing where his parents were professors at Beijing University. He said that being surrounded by books during this formative period in his life gave him an intense interest in them. Xu studied printmaking at the Central Academy of Fine Arts in Beijing (...

Article

Ralph Croizier

Chinese painter and calligrapher . As a leading figure in the Shanghai school during the early 20th century, he was largely responsible for rejuvenating the genre of bird-and-flower painting by introducing an expressive, individualistic style more generally associated with literati painting. He began his artistic career with the traditional study of literature and ancient inscriptions before moving to calligraphy (...

Article

Elizabeth F. Bennett

Chinese painter, calligrapher, collector and forger . From an artistic family, he began to paint under the tutelage of his mother, Ceng Yi, and did his first paid painting for the local fortune-teller when he was 12 years old. Zhang’s elder sister gave him his first lessons in the classics. At 15 he embarked on three years of schooling at the Qiujing Academy in Chongqing. In ...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1980.

Born 7 October 1939, in Shanxi.

Painter, draughtsman, screen printer, illustrator. Figures, scenes with figures, landscapes, landscapes with figures, flowers. Postage stamps, murals.

Ding Shaoguang studied at the Central Academy of Fine Arts in Beijing in ...

Article

Chinese, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1968, in Sichuan Province.

Painter, illustrator. Portraits.

Feng Zhengjie graduated as a master of fine arts from the oil painting department of the Sichuan Academy of Arts in 1995 and began teaching in the fine arts department of the Beijing Normal Institute. Feng’s work borders on kitsch-like caricature. He uses the garish colours of Pop Art and popular culture, as well as traditional Chinese iconography. Feng is a central figure of the Gaudy art movement, which emerged in the mid-1990s and was influenced by Pop Art, employing bright, garish colours and referencing advertising imagery. Feng’s large-scale portraits resemble Andy Warhol’s prints of celebrities....

Article

Fu Sida  

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Died 1960.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator.

At first, Fu Sida studied traditional Chinese painting in Beijing. In 1937, he left for the USA, then India and Malaya. During World War II, he taught at the Guilin Institute, and then in Shanghai. During the 1950s he was imprisoned and persecuted. Fu was one of a generation of artists who had come into contact with western painting during the war. His drawing is sober and effective. He made a series of studies of the traditional Chinese theatre, which stand comparison with the work of Guan Ling and Lin Fengmian, more in terms of his aims than his style....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1909, in Gumma Prefecture; died 1935.

Painter, print artist, illustrator.

Fujimaki Yoshio’s work was published in 1931in the print artists’ magazine Kitsutsuki. In 1931 and 1932, he took part in events at the Japan Print Association. In 1935, he began a series of illustrations for a book on the Sumidagawa, the river that crosses Tokyo, but he died before completing them. His early style swung between expressionism and cubism and later evolved into a form of abstraction....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1898, in Shin Hotta (Niigata); died 1979.

Painter, print artist, illustrator.

Acting on the recommendation of the mayor of Niigata, Fukiya Koji went to study under the painter Otake in Tokyo at the age of 14. Between 1916 and 1919...