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Article

A. C. de la Mare

Italian collector. He entered the Society of Jesus in Bologna in 1743 and was ordained in 1757, making his solemn profession to the Society in Parma in 1761. He collected his first historical manuscripts and medals in Parma but had to relinquish them when the Jesuits were expelled in ...

Article

Ju-Hsi Chou

Chinese painter, calligrapher, seal-carver, collector and poet. The son of a minor official in charge of local education, Gao developed an interest in poetry, painting and seal-carving in his early youth, when he also began to collect old seals and inkstones. The great poet Wang Shizhen took a liking to him and left instructions before his death that Gao be admitted into the ranks of his disciples. A relative of the poet, ...

Article

Irish collector. He was educated at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, where he was painted by Joseph Wright of Derby (Cambridge, Fitzwilliam), and began collecting music manuscripts. He subsequently studied the harpsichord in Paris with Jacques Duphly and travelled in the Low Countries, Italy and Spain (...

Article

French collector. He sought consolation for the early loss of his wife and daughter in his collections of paintings and books, which contained extremely rare editions. He insisted that on his death the collections be sold item by item, in order to give collectors the opportunity to acquire individual works that they prized. His paintings included a ...

Article

Tadashi Kobayashi

(b Osaka, 1736; d Osaka, 1802). Japanese collector, scholar, poet, painter and calligrapher. As a boy he undertook the study of medicinal herbs at the apothecary’s shop owned by his father and other relatives. According to tradition he began to have an interest in art when he was about five or six and studied with the Kanō-school master ...

Article

French book collector of Scottish birth. Having promised his father that he would leave Britain and never return while Catholicism was not the dominant religion, MacCarthy-Reagh settled in Toulouse. In 1776 he was granted naturalization as a Frenchman. He collected books from his youth and amassed one of the finest libraries in Europe, concentrating particularly on the acquisition of rare early printed books and illuminated manuscripts. He acquired a fine series of books printed at Mainz in the early days of printing, rare books printed in the late 15th century and the 16th, books printed on parchment, and very early ...

Article

Molly Dorkin and James Miller

Auction house founded in London by Samuel Baker (1713–78), a bookseller. His first recorded auction sale was of the library of Sir John Stanley on 11 March 1744 in the Great Room, over Exeter Exchange, in the Strand, London. While primarily selling books, from the start he included the fine arts. The business prospered, and Baker moved the firm to York Street, Covent Garden. His first sale there, in ...

Article

French collector. The mistress of Victor-Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy (see Savoy, House of family, §II, (11)), she created in Paris one of the most celebrated private collections of paintings, books and decorative arts of the first half of the 18th century. In ...