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Annie Scottez-De Wambrechies

(b Aix-en-Provence, Aug 17, 1739; d Aix-en-Provence, Dec 23, 1813).

French painter, draughtsman, sculptor, medallist and writer. He first trained under Claude Arnulphy at Aix, leaving for Rome c. 1761. He remained in Italy for ten years, studying the works of Raphael and other Old Masters (see fig.) as well as Polidoro da Caravaggio, whose monochrome frescoes Gibelin later imitated in France. In 1768 he won a prize at the Accademia di Belle Arti, Parma, with his Achilles Fighting the River Scamander (in situ; preparatory drawing in Stockholm, Nmus.). On his return to Paris in 1771 he was commissioned to execute a large number of monochrome frescoes as well as two paintings, The Blood-letting (1777; preparatory drawing at Poitiers, Mus. B.-A.) and Childbirth, for the new Ecole de Chirurgie, now the Faculté de Médecine (in situ). His works made over the next few years include the Genius of War and Mars for the pediments of the two south wings of the ...

Article

J.-P. Mouilleseaux

(b Bordeaux, July 6, 1745; d Paris, Nov 11, 1809).

French painter, draughtsman and critic. He first trained with the medallist André Lavau (d 1808) in Bordeaux. He then left for Paris; in 1764 he entered Joseph-Marie Vien’s studio and chose to become a history painter, but he had little success with the Académie Royale. He travelled to Rome in 1772, remaining there until 1775. Returning to Paris, he was approved (agréé) by the Académie Royale in 1782 with the Birth of Louis XIII (Pau, Mus. N. Château) and received (reçu) as a full Academician in 1784 with Ulysses and Philoctetes (Bordeaux, Mus. B.-A.). He showed regularly at the Salon from 1785 to 1807. His output was meagre and diminished with time and lack of success. His technique was laborious, especially when he sought to capture a particular movement or facial expression, and his pictures suffer from cold lighting and a limited colour range. His paintings often have subjects rare among his contemporaries’ work, for example ...