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Article

French, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 30 October 1858, in Étampes; died 1927, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, engraver, draughtswoman, illustrator. Allegorical subjects, genre scenes, portraits, interiors, flowers. Decorative panels.

Abbéma was a pupil of Chaplin, Henner and Carolus-Duran. Until 1926, she exhibited regularly at the Salon des Artistes Français, gaining an honourable commendation in 1881 and a bronze medal at the Exposition Universelle of 1900. She was made a Chévalier of the Légion d'Honneur in 1906....

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 1777, in Cremona; died 1857.

Painter, watercolourist, decorative designer, illustrator. Portraits, landscapes with figures, landscapes. Murals, church decoration, theatre decoration.

Agostino Aglio trained in Milan at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera. In 1803 he went to England to collaborate with William Wilkins, the architect, on a work concerning the antiquities of ancient Greece, which was published in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 21 August 1887, in Bordeaux; died 27 February 1965, in Paris.

Painter, decorative artist, engraver (wood), illustrator. Historical subjects, portraits, nudes, seascapes, boats.

Gustave Alaux was the son of Daniel Alaux and great-grandson of Jean-Paul Alaux, otherwise known as Gentil (the Gentle). He studied under Marcel Baschet and Henri Royer at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français from ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 November 1925, in La Ciotat.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, sculptor, lithographer, illustrator. Figure compositions, figures, nudes, portraits, interiors, landscapes, urban landscapes, seascapes, still-lifes. Wall decorations.

Symbolism.

Jean-Pierre Alaux was the son of François Alaux and the great-great-grandson of Jean-Paul Alaux. From ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 April 1870, in Slough; died 6 January 1935.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink/wash), pastellist, illustrator. Sporting subjects, genre scenes, hunting scenes, animals, landscapes. Posters, decorative schemes.

Cecil Aldin studied anatomy and animal painting with the animal painter William Frank Calderon at Kensington Art School. His watercolour drawings, with their sure touch and pure colours, brought him to fame. He also wrote and illustrated many children's books, such as ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1948.

Born 19 October 1927, in Brussels.

Painter (mixed media), watercolourist, engraver, illustrator, draughtsman. Artists' books, wall decorations.

CoBrA group.

In 1944, Pierre Alechinsky was a pupil at the École d'Architecture et d'Arts in Brussels, interested in professions involving books, typography and engraving. He always retained this preoccupation for the printed word, and devoted a large part of his time to engraving, illustrating the books of poet friends and writing himself. In 1947, he travelled to Morocco and Yugoslavia. That same year he began to exhibit in Brussels and became a member of the group ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 19 August 1890, in Fontainebleau; died 22 April 1969, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Figure compositions, figures, landscapes. Designs for tapestries, wall decorations, stage sets.

Yves Alix studied at the Académie Julian in Paris, and won a place at the École des Beaux-Arts, but instead chose to enter the Académie Ranson, where Bonnard, Vuillard, K.-X. Roussel, Maurice Denis and Sérusier worked as teachers. He began exhibiting his work in 1912 at the Salon des Indépendants, of which he became a committee member, as well as at the Salon d'Automne. He also exhibited at the Salon des Tuileries and the Salon Comparaisons. Alix's work featured in a large number of solo exhibitions, mostly in art galleries in Paris, but also in Strasbourg, and at a retrospective exhibition in 1990 to mark the centenary of his birth, held at the Donadeï de Campredon hotel of the Isle-sur-la-Sorgue....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 23 September 1923, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink), illustrator. Portraits, landscapes. Wall decorations, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics.

A self-taught artist, Gérard Altmann lived in Paris in the post-war years, moving to Provence in 1952. In the early years he was a figurative artist, painting mainly landscapes in muted colour tones. He received numerous commissions for murals, stained glass windows and mosaics, and shifted towards a relatively abstract approach, retaining some suggestion of reality and, in contrast to his figurative period, featuring strong colours. His architectural preoccupations, embodied in chiaroscuro, transcend the different periods. He shows perfect mastery of watercolour techniques, and also produces Indian ink drawings. He illustrated ...

Article

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1910.

Born 1892, in Bilbao; died April 1971, in St-Jean-de-Luz, France.

Painter (gouache), illustrator, decorative designer. Landscapes with figures. Stage sets.

Ramiro Arrue y Valle, the brother of Alberto, José and Ricardo, was educated at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière in Paris. Although he painted Basque subjects, he was mainly active in France. Before World War I, he exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français in Paris, and was a regular exhibitor at the Salon d'Automne ...

Article

Sophie Page

Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time.

Astrology developed into a scientific branch of learning in ancient Greece, but because of the opposition of the Church Fathers it was transmitted to early medieval Europe in only fragmentary form in technically unsophisticated textbooks and popular divinatory genres. Literary and scientific texts provided more general ideas about the nature and attributes of the planets which were influential on later iconography. The first significant astrological images appear in 11th-century illustrated astronomical texts (e.g. London, BL, Cotton MS. Tiberius BV), which were acquired and produced by monasteries to aid with time-keeping and the construction of the Christian calendar....