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Article

S. J. Vernoit

[Edhem, Osman Hamdi; Hamdi Bey]

(b Istanbul, Dec 30, 1842; d Eskihisar, Gebze, nr Istanbul, Feb 24, 1910).

Turkish painter, museum director and archaeologist. In 1857 he was sent to Paris, where he stayed for 11 years, training as a painter under Gustave Boulanger and Jean-Léon Gérôme. On returning to Turkey he served in various official positions, including two years in Baghdad as chargé d’affaires, while at the same time continuing to paint. In 1873 he worked on a catalogue of costumes of the Ottoman empire, with photographic illustrations, for the Weltausstellung in Vienna. In 1881 he was appointed director of the Archaeological Museum at the Çinili Köşk, Topkapı Palace, in Istanbul. He persuaded Sultan Abdülhamid II (reg 1876–1909) to issue an order against the traffic in antiquities, which was put into effect in 1883, and he began to direct excavations within the Ottoman empire. As a result he brought together Classical and Islamic objects for the museum in Istanbul, including the Sarcophagus of Alexander, unearthed in Sidon in ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1922 and naturalised from 1949.

Born 12 August 1916, in Istanbul, to Greek parents; died 23 October 1985, in Eygalières, France.

Painter (including gouache), draughtsman (including ink/wash), sculptor, engraver, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, scenes with figures, landscapes, mountainscapes, landscapes with figures, harbour scenes...

Article

Greek, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1871, in Vasiliko; died 29 December 1929.

Painter. Religious subjects. Murals.

Soutzos studied in Athens. He painted religious subjects, frescoes and decorative works in churches.

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 1902, in Galaxidhion.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects. Murals, church decoration.

Spyros Vassiliou studied at the fine art school in Athens where he lived and worked. He was appointed to teach at the Papastratou Vocational College in 1930. His entire work was influenced by Byzantine art and Greek popular art, which moved towards poetic Surrealism....