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Kirk Ambrose

(b Moscow, May 7, 1903; d Paris, Jan 25, 1988).

Lithuanian art historian, scholar of folklore and Egyptology, and diplomat of Russian birth. Son of the celebrated Lithuanian Symbolist poet of the same name, Jurgis Baltrušaitis II studied under Henri(-Joseph) Focillon at the Sorbonne and earned the PhD in 1931. The concerns of his mentor are evident in La stylistique ornementale dans la sculpture romane (1931), which reprises and extends arguments for the ‘law of the frame’ in Romanesque sculpture. Accordingly, the shapes of architectural members, such as capitals and tympana, determined the articulation of sculptural forms. This theory could account for the genesis of a wide array of monumental carvings, from foliate capitals to narrative reliefs, but ultimately it had a rather limited impact on the field of Romanesque sculptural studies. In a scathing critique, Schapiro argued that Baltrušaitis’s book—and by implication Focillon’s methods—robbed Romanesque sculptors of agency and neglected the religious and expressive meanings of this art form....

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 13 September 1920.

Sculptor.

Symbolism.

Kosmas took classes at the school of fine art in Athens, from which he graduated in 1945, obtained a grant to complete his training in Paris at the École des Beaux-Arts from 1952 to 1954...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 1889 or 1890, in Sozopol, Bulgaria; died 1977, in Athens.

Painter. Figure compositions, figures, nudes, landscapes. Murals.

Symbolism.

A pupil of Spiros Vikatos, George Roilos and George Jacobides at the Athens school of fine arts, George Gunaropulos received a government grant to study in Paris in ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in Belgium.

Born 6 August 1914, in Sitalona (Trichonida). Died 1989, in Ixelles, Belgium.

Painter.

Symbolism, Surrealism.

Sotiris Pylarinos trained at the Athens school of fine arts (1937-1944), the Rijksakademie van Beeldende Kunsten in Amsterdam (1947-1949), the Koninklijke Academie voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp (...