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Article

French, 18th century, male.

Active in Parisc.1700.

Engraver, designer of ornamental architectural features.

Baptiste Anthéaume made a set of furniture for embroiderers and upholsterers.

Article

Alastair Laing

(b Paris, Sept 29, 1703; d Paris, May 30, 1770).

French painter, draughtsman and etcher. Arguably it was he, more than any other artist, who set his stamp on both the fine arts and the decorative arts of the 18th century. Facilitated by the extraordinary proliferation of engravings, Boucher successfully fed the demand for imitable imagery at a time when most of Europe sought to follow what was done at the French court and in Paris. He did so both as a prolific painter and draughtsman (he claimed to have produced some 10,000 drawings during his career) and through engravings after his works, the commercial potential of which he seems to have been one of the first artists to exploit. He reinvented the genre of the pastoral, creating an imagery of shepherds and shepherdesses as sentimental lovers that was taken up in every medium, from porcelain to toile de Jouy, and that still survives in a debased form. At the same time, his manner of painting introduced the virtuosity and freedom of the sketch into the finished work, promoting painterliness as an end in itself. This approach dominated French painting until the emergence of Neo-classicism, when criticism was heaped on Boucher and his followers. His work never wholly escaped this condemnation, even after the taste for French 18th-century art started to revive in the second half of the 19th century. In his own day, the fact that he worked for both collectors and the market, while retaining the prestige of a history painter, had been both Boucher’s strength and a cause of his decline....

Article

Swedish, 18th century, male.

Active in Stockholm.

Painter. Genre scenes, architectural views.

For a long time Gustaf Hillerström was a weaver at the Gobelins factory. He favoured comic subjects.

Article

Chantal Gastinel-Coural

(b Seyssel-en-Bugey, Sept 23, 1723; d Lyon, Feb 23, 1804/5).

French silk designer, manufacturer, merchant and mechanical engineer. Little is known of his education and training before 1744. He was apparently a pupil of Pierre Sarrabat (b 1701), a painter and designer at the silk factory in Lyon. It is possible that Lasalle may have trained in Paris and may well have been in contact with the Savonnerie and Gobelins factories, where he could have acquired his penchant for depicting flowers. In July 1744 he began a five-year apprenticeship with Jean Mazamieu. He qualified as a master craftsman in August 1749 and then went into business on his own. His compositions were characterized by a spacious and well-balanced style, and his fabric designs, admired for their elegance and purity of form, were enlivened with birds, insects, small figures and landscapes. He rendered flowers to perfection, as seen in those he depicted as a frame for the woven portraits in which he specialized from ...

Article

(b Rouen, 1735; d Paris, 1802).

French painter, printmaker and designer. He came from a family of architects and engravers that had been active in Rouen since the 16th century, and he may have been distantly related to Jean de La Vallée. He first studied under Jean-Baptiste Descamps at the newly established Académie des Arts du Dessin in Rouen and in 1755 went to Paris and entered the studio of Jean-Baptiste-Marie Pierre. In 1759 he won the Prix de Rome with Elisha Multiplying the Poor Widow’s Oil (untraced), and from 1759 he was at the Ecole des Elèves Protégés in Paris. Already by this time he seems to have been producing landscapes in the manner of Nicolas Poussin and had begun to be referred to by the name Lavallée-Poussin. He was in Rome from 1761 to 1777, for part of the time at the Académie de France. He then stayed with Louis-Auguste Le Tonnelier, Baron de Breteuil, the Maltese Ambassador, whose house, the Garden of Malta, Lavallée decorated in ...