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Article

Greek, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in France.

Born 1960, in Athens.

Painter (including gouache), draughtswoman, illustrator, lithographer. Landscapes, seascapes, animals. Artist's books.

Ianna Andreadis studied at the schools of fine art in Dijon, Bourges and Paris between 1978 and 1983. She studied prehistory at the Institut d'Art et d'Archéologie de Paris in ...

Article

Sophie Page

Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time.

Astrology developed into a scientific branch of learning in ancient Greece, but because of the opposition of the Church Fathers it was transmitted to early medieval Europe in only fragmentary form in technically unsophisticated textbooks and popular divinatory genres. Literary and scientific texts provided more general ideas about the nature and attributes of the planets which were influential on later iconography. The first significant astrological images appear in 11th-century illustrated astronomical texts (e.g. London, BL, Cotton MS. Tiberius BV), which were acquired and produced by monasteries to aid with time-keeping and the construction of the Christian calendar....

Article

Charles Buchanan

Type of large-format Bible, usually found in pandect (single-volume) form, produced in central Italy and Tuscany from around 1060 to the middle of the 12th century. They came out of the efforts of a reformist papacy intent on wresting control over ecclesiastical investiture from the Holy Roman Emperor. The Giant Bibles were produced in reformed canonries and monasteries and then exported to the same, not only in Italy but throughout Europe.

The term ‘Atlantic’ (from the mythological giant Atlas) is derived from their impressive size; dimensions range from 550 to 600 mms by 300 to 400 mms. Their script, derived from Caroline minuscule, is placed in two columns of around fifty-five lines. The texts are decorated with two initial types, which Edward B. Garrison designated as ‘geometrical’ and ‘full shaft’, both of which are derived from Carolingian and Ottonian exemplars, respectively. The iconography consists of full-length prophets, patriarchs, kings and saints as well as narrative scenes. The last are at times found as full-page cyclical illuminations and preface important textual divisions, especially Genesis. The iconography of the Giant Bibles is a specific Roman iconographical recension with its sources based in part on Early Christian pictorial cycles, such as the wall paintings of Old St Peter’s in Rome. These came from an era considered by the reformers to have been uncorrupted by the abuses that afflicted the Church when these Bibles were being made. While the Giant Bibles were promulgated by the Church of Rome as a symbol of its supreme authority, they also allowed the clergy to perform the liturgy, and the Divine Office in particular, properly....

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born in Thessalonica.

Painter, illustrator, engraver (wood), lithographer. Portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

René Ben Sussan illustrated André Gide 's L'Immoraliste, Prosper Mérimée's Carmen, H. Béraud's The Sisters Hortensia, E. Bove's A Father and His Daughter, R. M. Rilke's The Book of Dreams...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 1893, in Athens; died 1972.

Painter, draughtsman (charcoal), illustrator. Scenes with figures, landscapes. Posters, murals, stage costumes and sets.

Nuagisme.

Pericles Byzantios studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and returned to Greece in 1916. Early on, Byzantios was influenced by Bonnard and Vuillard. He used a broad stroke, softly animated lighting, and a pleasing palette of ochres and blues. His charcoal and pencil sketches allowed him to achieve an almost Expressionist line in his depiction of elegant women and Parisian passers by....

Article

Greek, 20th century, female.

Born in Kefallonia.

Painter, illustrator.

Wife of the sculptor Costas Valsamis, Zoe Catrava studied at the school of fine arts in Athens and in Paris and then at the Académie Lhote in 1956. Her work concentrated on illustrations and decorations. She exhibited at the Salon des Tuileries (...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 1910, in Athens; died 1985.

Painter, illustrator, decorative designer, poet. Mythological subjects, genre scenes, urban landscapes. Stage sets, stage costumes, icons.

Nico Engonopoulos spent his childhood in Istanbul, then known as Constantinople. After an aimless stay in Paris, he studied at the school of fine art in Athens ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1962.

Born 1935, in Athens.

Painter (including gouache), pastellist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Scenes with figures, figures, nudes, still-lifes. Stage sets.

Alexander Fassianos was a pupil of Moralis at the school of fine art in Athens from 1954 to 1960...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active and naturalised in France in 1916.

Born 23 May 1882, in Athens; died 20 March 1966.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman (ink/wash/red chalk/charcoal), newspaper cartoonist, engraver (etching), illustrator. Nudes, portraits, scenes with figures, landscapes, still-lifes, animals.

Demetrios Emmanuel Galanis attended the Cormon workshop of the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1900. He enrolled at the outbreak of war in 1914, and while serving in Corfu he acquired French nationality. A member of the Institute, he taught at the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts....

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 1906, in Athens.

Painter, illustrator. Stage sets.

Initially a student of Parthenis in Greece, Nicos Hadjakyriakos-Ghykas went to Paris in 1922 for 12 years and took courses at the Académie Ranson. On his return to Greece, he was appointed as a teacher at the Polytechnic. He was the proponent of Cubism which, in his own work, he succeeded in combining with oriental and Byzantine elements....