1-8 of 8 results  for:

  • Sculpture and Carving x
  • Twentieth-Century Art x
  • Nineteenth-Century Art x
  • Books, Manuscripts, and Illustration x
Clear all

Article

Kirk Ambrose

(b Moscow, May 7, 1903; d Paris, Jan 25, 1988).

Lithuanian art historian, scholar of folklore and Egyptology, and diplomat of Russian birth. Son of the celebrated Lithuanian Symbolist poet of the same name, Jurgis Baltrušaitis II studied under Henri(-Joseph) Focillon at the Sorbonne and earned the PhD in 1931. The concerns of his mentor are evident in La stylistique ornementale dans la sculpture romane (1931), which reprises and extends arguments for the ‘law of the frame’ in Romanesque sculpture. Accordingly, the shapes of architectural members, such as capitals and tympana, determined the articulation of sculptural forms. This theory could account for the genesis of a wide array of monumental carvings, from foliate capitals to narrative reliefs, but ultimately it had a rather limited impact on the field of Romanesque sculptural studies. In a scathing critique, Schapiro argued that Baltrušaitis’s book—and by implication Focillon’s methods—robbed Romanesque sculptors of agency and neglected the religious and expressive meanings of this art form....

Article

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1866, in Lubaczów; died 1924, in Cracow.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative artist, ceramicist, sculptor, designer. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes. Furniture.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Debicki studied at the Akademie der bildenden Künste in Vienna from 1881 to 1884, then in Munich, Paris, Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine) and Cracow. He first settled in Lemberg and began teaching in ...

Article

Julius Kaplan

(b nr Termonde, Sept 12, 1858; d Brussels, Nov 12, 1921).

Belgian painter, illustrator, sculptor, designer, photographer and writer. He was one of the foremost Symbolist artists and active supporters of avant-garde art in late 19th-century Belgium. His wealthy family lived in Bruges from 1859 to 1864, moved to Brussels in 1865, where Khnopff remained until his death, and spent their summers at a country home in Fosset, in the Ardennes. Fosset inspired numerous landscapes that owe a strong debt to Barbizon-style realism (see 1979 cat. rais., p. 210), which dominated advanced Belgian painting in the late 1870s. Khnopff abandoned law school in 1875, and, turning to literature and art, he studied with Xavier Mellery at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels. During visits to Paris (1877–80) he admired the work of Ingres and was especially attracted to the painterly art of Rubens, Rembrandt, the Venetian Renaissance and particularly Delacroix. At the Exposition Universelle of 1878 in Paris he discovered Gustave Moreau and Edward Burne-Jones, both of whom indelibly influenced his art. He studied with ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 23 February 1927, in Damelevières (Meurthe-et-Moselle).

Painter, sculptor, illustrator, draughtsman, writer. Interiors with figures, still-lifes, urban landscapes. Murals.

Symbolism.

Initially a teacher, then an advisory counsellor, Marchal moved to Paris, where he attended the Académie de la Grande-Chaumière and received guidance from Ossip Zadkine. He settled in Arras and then in Castres. He was a member of several societies and groups of the Commission Nationale d'Étude de la Pédagogie du Dessin. He was the author of a ...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 30 August 1866, in Ghent; died 1941, in Laethem-St-Martin.

Sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator. Figures. Groups, busts.

Symbolism.

Laethem-St-Martin Group (First School).

Georges Minne's father was anxious that his son follow in his footsteps and, as a result, Minne started out studying architecture at the academy in Ghent. He abandoned his architectural studies at the age of 18, however, opting instead to sculpt and engrave. He studied under Jean-Joseph Delvin and Théodore Joseph Canneel at the academy in Ghent. He spent time in Paris in 1891 and was confirmed in his early endeavours by his friends, the Belgian Symbolist poets Emile Verhaeren and Maurice Maeterlinck, and the Flemish poet Georges Rodenbach. He was invited by the ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1870; died 1927.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator.

Jugendstil, Symbolism.

Sascha Schneider was a close friend of the writer Karl May, many of whose works he had illustrated. He represented figures in an extreme academic style and his many male nudes derive from the symbolism of the Jugendstil. He was also responsible for the interior design in the hall of the book market (Buchhandlerhaus) in Leipzig....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 16 July 1924, in Rheims.

Painter, watercolourist, lithographer, sculptor, illustrator. Designs for tapestries, designs for stained glass.

Symbolism.

Luc Simon was born into the Simon family, who were masters of stained glass in Rheims for ten generations. He studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris. He spent some time in Tunisia and travelled across Africa in the steps of Arthur Rimbaud. In ...

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 11 April 1855, in Palermo; died 20 December 1926, in Rome.

Sculptor, painter, illustrator. Monuments.

Symbolism.

Ettore Ximenes was a student at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Palermo, and then a pupil of Domenico Morelli in Naples. He continued his training in Florence before settling in Rome. He rapidly acquired a reputation as a specialist in official monuments, winning commissions in Italy, France, Russia and the USA....