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Article

Jeanne-Marie Horat-Weber

(b Winterthur, Nov 14, 1723; d Berne, Oct 17, 1786).

Swiss painter, draughtsman and engraver. In 1741 he moved to Berne, where he took drawing lessons with Johann Grimm (1675–1747), whose school of drawing he took over in 1747. He visited the Bernese Oberland with Emanuel Handmann, Christian Georg Schütz (1718–91) and Friedrich Wilhelm Hirt (1721–72) in 1759 and in the same year travelled to Paris with Adrian Zingg (1734–86). This was his only trip abroad, but it determined him to work exclusively as a landscape painter. After nine months he returned to Berne, where his landscape views became popular, particularly with foreign travellers, enamoured of ‘Nature’ and keen to retain souvenirs of their travels. He was one of the first artists to portray the beauties of the Swiss countryside; his favourite subjects were the Aare Valley and views of Swiss lakes (e.g. View of Erlach on the Lake of Biel; Berne, Kstmus.). He invented a technique known as the ...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active at the end of the 18th and at the beginning of the 19th century.

Painter, engraver. Architectural views.

S. Acton lived in London between 1791 and 1802 and exhibited at the Royal Academy.

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active at the beginning of the 19th century.

Engraver. Architectural views.

Jean Adam was a pupil of the older Sellier and of Van Mechel. He made the plates for Belidore's Hydraulic Architecture ( Architecture Hydraulique), for Carnot's Attack and Defence of Strongholds...

Article

British, 18th century, male.

Born 3 July 1728, in Kirkcaldy (Fife); died 3 March 1792, in London.

Draughtsman, watercolourist, engraver, architect. Landscapes, architectural views, interiors, ruins. Decorative models.

Robert Adam was the son of William Adam, a well-known Scottish architect. He initially trained in his father's practice in partnership with his bothers, John and James. Examples of his early architectural work include Hopetoun House in Lothian (c. ...

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Milanc.1700.

Painter, engraver.

Essentially a portraitist, but also painted several emblematic subjects and architectural themes. His engravings include a series of plates representing Milan Cathedral that he signed in conjunction with the architect Carlo Butio.

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Ferrarac.1740.

Engraver, designer of ornamental architectural features.

Article

Aillard  

French, 18th century, male.

Active in Paris.

Engraver, designer of ornamental architectural features.

Aillard's known works are based on the drawings of Gilles-Paul Cauvet.

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Engraver, architect.

He is documented in Breslau (now Wroclaw) in 1749. He is thought to be confused with the painter known simply as Albrecht, whose drawings were the basis of etchings done in Memmingen in 1779.

Article

French, 18th century, female.

Active in 1760, in Paris.

Engraver, designer of ornamental architectural features. Flowers.

She engraved flowers in the style of Pillement.

Article

Mechthild Muller

(von)

(b Nuremberg, bapt March 25, 1650; d Munich, Jan 1, 1703).

German engraver and draughtsman. He mainly produced portraits, in the form of engravings, drawings and grisaille miniatures executed with a brush. From 1671 he was copper-engraver to Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria, who supported him when he undertook further training in Liège under Michel Natalis (1610–68) and in Paris under Nicolas de Poilly. From the latter Amling learnt how to use and arrange line to produce a very wide range of effects; he also picked up the stiff, two-dimensional look of de Poilly’s figures. He must surely have come into contact with Robert Nanteuil in Paris; he shared with him a delight in detail that appears photographic and a veristic style of reproduction.

Amling generally shows his sitters in three-quarter view, following a formulaic composition. Sometimes their features are exaggerated, as for example in the portraits on parchment of Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, and his wife ...