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Article

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in Araraquara (São Paulo); died 1992, in Asuncion, Paraguay.

Engraver (wood).

Abramo was primarily a wood engraver. In 1960, he founded an engraving studio in São Paulo in order to revive that technique. From 1948, he participated in artistic events in Brazil, receiving numerous prizes there, namely at the São Paulo Biennales in ...

Article

Roberto Pontual

(b Araraquara, 1903; d Asunción, Paraguay, 1992).

Brazilian printmaker and teacher. He worked initially as a printmaker and painter until 1933 when, influenced by Lasar Segall’s expressionism, he abandoned painting for wood-engraving, which he had first practised in São Paulo c. 1926. He initially treated social themes such as the São Paulo working class. Between 1935 and 1938 he produced a series of wood-engravings, Spain, based on the Spanish Civil War, for example War (1937; U. São Paulo, Inst. Estud. Bras.). In 1950 he won a trip abroad from the Salão Nacional de Belas Artes, Rio de Janeiro, and visited Italy, Switzerland, France and the Netherlands. On his return he made the series of wood-engravings, Rio, with scenes and landscapes characterized by a frank lyricism. He was named best national engraver in the first São Paulo Bienal in 1951. His constant activity as a teacher influenced many younger engravers. In 1957 he founded the Julian de la Herreria engraving workshop in Asunción, Paraguay, and in ...

Article

Jorge Luján-Muñoz

(b Guatemala, Jan 7, 1933).

Guatemalan painter and printmaker. From 1954 to 1957 he studied at the Escuela Nacional de Artes Plásticas in Guatemala City while researching folk art for the Dirección de Bellas Artes, but he was virtually self-taught and began as a draughtsman and painter of bullfighting scenes. In 1958 he travelled to New York on a Guatemalan government grant, prolonging his stay there with further grants, studying at the Arts Students League and Graphic Art Center, and finally settling there permanently. He was influential in Guatemala until c. 1960, but because of his long residence abroad his work did not fit easily in the context of Central American art. Before leaving Guatemala he had painted landscapes and nudes in a naturalistic style, but he soon adopted a more modern idiom partly inspired by aboriginal Guatemalan subjects. After moving to New York, and especially from 1958 to 1961, his art underwent a profound transformation as he sought to bring together elements of abstract art and Surrealism and experimented with textures, for example in cross-hatched pen-and-ink drawings such as ...

Article

Adela  

Argentinian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active also active in Spain.

Born 7 June 1947, in Realicó.

Painter, draughtswoman, lithographer.

In 1971, Adela became a history teacher. She lived in Buenos Aires until 1974 and then for a time in Miami before settling with her family in Barcelona and becoming a full-time painter and draughtswoman....

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, female.

Born 1928, in Montevideo.

Painter, engraver.

Having taught herself to paint at a very early age, Afamados de Sans enrolled in the engraving course at the national college of fine arts in Montevideo. She participated regularly in the national salon, where she obtained first prize in ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Born 1897, in Buenos Aires.

Painter, engraver.

The son of Emilio Cornelio Agrelo, Daniel Marcos Agrelo received guidance from his father, as well as from Alfonso Bosco, who introduced engraving to Argentina. He took part in collective exhibitions in Latin America and received distinctions. He founded an art journal: ...

Article

Argentinian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 16 September 1856, in Buenos Aires; died 16 September 1933, in Buenos Aires.

Engraver.

Emilio Carnelio Agrelo was self-taught and produced a large number of etchings. He introduced etching to Argentina in the last decade of the 19th century, before which the technique had been unknown. Emilio Agrela was obliged to pass his commissions on to artists in Paris. There is a room named after him at the national museum in Buenos Aires....

Article

Cuban, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947, in Pilon.

Engraver, lithographer, graphic designer.

Roger Aguilar graduated from the school of artistic education in Cuba in 1965. He has taken part in collective exhibitions since 1967. In 1975 he was awarded first prize for lithography at the National Engraving Salon. He works as a graphic artist for the Ministry of Culture....

Article

Mexican, 20th century, male.

Born 1900, in Jalisco; died 1990.

Painter, engraver. Murals.

Aguirre was self-taught and began to draw at a very early age, but abandoned all artistic activity during the revolution from 1915 to 1917. He then settled in Mexico City, where he became assistant professor of drawing at the university. In ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Active in Argentina, naturalised in 1909.

Born 20 October 1889, in Granada, Spain.

Painter, engraver. Local scenes (bullfighting).

Having arrived in Argentina at an early age, Alaminos studied at the school of fine arts in Tucumán. He became a teacher of painting there in ...