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Article

Martine Reid

(b Masset, Queen Charlotte Islands, BC, Nov 4, 1946).

Native American Haida sculptor, metalworker, printmaker and blanket-maker. He was the grandson of the Haida blanket- and basket-maker Florence Davidson (1895–1993), and great-grandson of the Haida wood-carver Charles Edenshaw. He began carving argillite as a teenager in Masset, and in 1966 he met Bill Reid, who offered him workshop space in Vancouver. There Davidson developed new carving skills and learnt the fundamentals of the two-dimensional (‘formline’) designs used by the Haida and other tribes of the northern Northwest Coast (see Native North American art, §III, 2). In 1969 he returned to Masset to carve a 12.2 m-high totem pole, the first heraldic column to be raised on the Queen Charlotte Islands since the end of the 19th century. In 1987 Davidson and his crew produced a set of three totem poles entitled Three Variations on Killer Whale Myths for the Pepsicola Sculptural Garden in Purchase, NY. In these totem poles Davidson worked within the strict conventions of the Haida style, refining it by introducing subtle variations in design but preserving a degree of conservative austerity in which movement and individual expression are sacrificed to overall unity of form. In his early work in silver Davidson used flat patterns influenced by Edenshaw, and he went on to develop these into an innovative style of his own in screenprints, silver and bronze. Davidson’s younger brother, ...

Article

Martine Reid

(b Victoria, BC, 1920; d Vancouver, BC, March 13, 1998).

Native Canadian Haida metalsmith, carver and printmaker. He was the son of a German–Scots–American father and a Haida mother, and grew up in British Columbia. From 1948 to 1950 he studied goldsmithing at Ryerson Institute of Technology in Toronto, and was subsequently apprenticed at the Platinum Art Company of Toronto. He then moved to Vancouver, where he established a jewellery workshop. His motivation to acquire skills as a goldsmith stemmed from his interest in the bracelet-making of his maternal forebears, the Haida of Queen Charlotte Islands, and he was particularly inspired by Charles Gladstone, his grandfather, and other relatives such as John Cross and Charles Edenshaw. Reid expanded the tradition by applying his knowledge of and skills in European jewellery techniques, while at the same time studying, analysing and discovering the structure of ancient Haida pieces in museums. His research led to recognition as an authority on Haida design and as an important link between traditional Haida culture and mainstream 20th-century art. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 17 March 1876, in Chicago; died 1932, in Clos Vert la Palasse (Toulon), France.

Sculptor, engraver, medallist.

Edward Sawyer studied under Jean Paul Laurens, Jean Antoine Injalbert, Charles Raoul Verlet, Emmanuel Fremiet and Auguste Rodin in Paris. He received several awards including a mention at the Salon des Artistes Français in Paris in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 8 July 1888, in Raton (New York); died 1947, in Staten Island (New York).

Painter, medallist. Murals.

John Ray Sinnock studied at the Pennsylvania Museum School of Industrial Art. He was appointed chief engraver of the United States Mint in Philadelphia. His portrait medals include those of President Herbert Hoover, Charles Dickens, Henry Morgenthau and Thomas Edison. As a painter, he specialised in murals. He was a member of the American Federation of Arts, the Philadelphia Sketch Club, and the Philadelphia Alliance. He exhibited medals at the Pennsylvania Academy....