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Article

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Born in Pernambuco.

Painter. Designs (wallpapers).

Ayres exhibited wallpapers at the Salon d'Automne in 1913.

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Born 1895, in Pergamino; died 1977.

Painter, illustrator, decorative designer. Figures, still-lifes.

Basaldua was a student at the national academy Buenos Aires and then went to work in Paris. He produced almost all the scenography for the opera and ballet productions at the Colon Theatre in Buenos Aires between ...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Born 1900, in Montevideo; died 1984.

Painter, engraver. Figure compositions, landscapes with figures. Wall decorations.

Berdia began his studies in the Montevideo circle of fine arts; then later in Buenos Aires, he worked under the supervision of Guillermo Laborde and frequented the studios of Giambaggi, Gomez Cornet and Falcini. In ...

Article

Biombo  

Sofía Sanabrais

Name used in Mexico and throughout Latin America for a folding screen. The word biombo is a transliteration of the Japanese word for folding screen—byōbu—an acknowledgement of its place of origin. The Japanese byōbu has long been a quintessential example of Japanese art and was a common diplomatic gift to foreign courts in the early modern period (see Screen, §1). Referred to as the ‘face of Japanese diplomacy’, byōbu were presented as ambassadors of Japanese culture to places as far off as London and Mexico City. Byōbu also found their way to New Spain as exports in the Manila Galleon trade. In 17th-century Mexico the Japanese screen was admired by artists and patrons, and was adapted and reinterpreted on a grand scale. The unique format of the biombo provided new ways for artists to depict subject-matter, and locally made biombos began appearing in the archival record in the first years of the 17th century. ...

Article

Brian Austen

(Hicks)

(b ?Sheffield, 1785; d Port of Spain, Trinidad, Nov 1846).

English sculptor, designer and architect. In 1810 he exhibited at the first Liverpool Academy Exhibition and showed models and drawings there in 1811, 1812 and 1814. These included designs for the restoration of the screen in Sefton church, Merseyside, and for a chimney-piece for Speke Hall, Liverpool, and two drawings of Joseph Ridgway’s house at Ridgmont, Horwich, Lancs. Bridgens designed furniture and furnishings in Gothic and Elizabethan styles for George Bullock. In 1814 he moved to London with Bullock, using his address at 4 Tenterden Street, Hanover Square, and prepared designs for Sir Godfrey Vassal Webster (1789–1836) for improvements to Battle Abbey, E. Sussex, and similarly for Sir Walter Scott’s home, Abbotsford House, at Melrose on the Borders. Two chair designs for Battle Abbey were published in Rudolph Ackermann’s Repository of Arts in September 1817, and Bridgens was also involved in the design of chairs supplied to Abbotsford House in ...

Article

Mexican, 20th century, male.

Born 1905, in Mexico City; died 1947, in Mexico City.

Painter, lithographer. Figure compositions, scenes with figures, landscapes. Wall decorations, stage sets.

Julio Castellanos studied at the Academia de San Carlos in Mexico City. He then travelled around Latin America, the USA, and Europe. He was appointed director of theatrical enterprises at the ministry of art, and designed numerous ballet sets. He also painted mural decorations, notable for a school in Coyoacan and another in Peralvillo. As a result of his official duties and the fact that he was also teaching, his output was fairly small....

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Born 1921, in Salto.

Painter, decorative designer. Murals.

José Echave was self-taught. He produced mural paintings and theatrical sets and was influenced by the Expressionist trend that characterised the development of painting in Latin America. He first exhibited in his native town of Salto. He later moved to Montevideo where he worked on a fresco with Portinari. His first solo exhibition took place in Salto around ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1929, in Buenos Aires.

Painter (including gouache), sculptor, decorative designer.

Kinetic Art.

GRAV (Groupe de Recherche d'Art Visuel).

Horacio García-Rossi studied at the national fine arts school in Buenos Aires between 1950 and 1957. In 1960 he was one of the co-founders of the ...

Article

Mexican, 20th century, male.

Born 1915, in Mexico City; died 21 April 2000, in Mexico City.

Painter, decorative designer, illustrator.

Gunther Gerzso's family settled in Mexico from Eastern Europe. He moved to Lugano in 1922, where he came into contact with an avant-garde artistic milieu that foreshadowed Surrealism. Gerzso received his training in Switzerland and the USA. For many years he worked as a theatre and cinema set designer while continuing his career as a painter. During the 1930s he created many sets and costumes for films by Buñuel and Allégret. He returned to Mexico in ...

Article

Colombian, 20th century, male.

Born 1899; died 1984, in Medellín.

Painter, decorative artist.

After studying in Italy, where he became familiar with Italian fresco work, Pedro Nel Gómez returned to Colombia to pursue a career as a painter and architect. He was one of the first artists in his country to decorate a public building with paintings; this was the Palacio Municipal in Medellín. His social painting is in typically Latin American style with representations of the daily life of fellow-countrymen and subjects related to Colombian tradition....