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Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 29 September 1703, in Paris; died 30 May 1770, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman (including red chalk/ink/wash), illustrator, engraver, lithographer. Historical subjects, mythological subjects, religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits, rustic scenes, genre scenes, interiors with figures, animals, landscapes with figures, landscapes...

Article

Buson  

Japanese, 18th century, male.

Born 1716, in the village of Kema, near Osaka; died 1783.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative artist. Landscapes, animals. Screens.

Nanga School.

Buson was one of the creators of the Nanga (literati) School. It was only at the beginning of the 17th century that the ...

Article

Dutch, 18th century, male.

Born 27 September 1696, in The Hague; died 1775, in The Hague.

Painter, miniaturist, copyist, decorative designer. Portraits.

Hendrik Carré studied with his father Hendrik Carré the Elder. In Amsterdam and at The Hague he painted theatre scenery, ceilings, interior decoration, portraits, miniatures and copies....

Article

Jane Shoaf Turner

(b Altona, Germany, June 11, 1741; d Amsterdam, Nov 9, 1799).

Dutch draughtsman and painter. He was the son of Johannes Cats, a Dutch bookdealer who moved back to Amsterdam from Germany following the death of his second wife shortly after Jacob’s birth. Jacob was trained as a bookbinder and as an engraver, first under Abraham Starre and later with Pieter Louw (d 1800). After further training with the pattern designer Gerard van Rossum (c. 1690–1772), he became a wallpaper painter in the Amsterdam factory of Jan Hendrik Troost van Groenendoelen, for whom he worked for three and a half years. Cats then established his own wallpaper factory, with financial assistance from his relative Willem Writs and from Jan de Bosch and Johann Goll van Franckenstein the elder. Cats was also a skilled amateur draughtsman, specializing in topographical views and landscapes, such as Two Shepherds Conversing before a Large Tree (Hamburg, Ksthalle). He also made copies (e.g. New York, O. Naumann priv. col., sold New York, Christie’s, ...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 16 October 1726, in Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland); died 7 February 1801, in Berlin.

Painter, engraver, miniaturist, enameller, illustrator. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Of Polish origin, he went to Berlin in 1743. Originally a painter of enamels, he then, after studying under Christian Bernhard Rode, gained a name for himself through the publication of the Berlin academy almanac, for which he executed a series of plates illustrating the main scenes of the ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

(b c. 1706; d 1753).

English engraver, designer of trade cards and furniture designer. In 1746 he published A New Book of Ornaments, and subsequently collaborated with Matthias Lock on a second edition (1752). The New Book contains designs for side-tables, torchères, clocks, frames, pier-glasses and fireplaces, very much in the Rococo idiom but also including such chinoiserie motifs as ho-ho birds and oriental figures. Copland also provided plates for the ...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1757, in London; died 1831, in Highgate.

Painter, watercolourist, miniaturist, enameller, draughtsman, illustrator. History painting, figures, portraits, landscapes.

Richard Corbould was a highly versatile artist, working in several different artistic fields. He painted landscapes, portraits and sometimes historical subjects with as much facility as he showed in his porcelain and enamel work. He also produced miniatures and illustrations....

Article

Dutch, 18th century, male.

Born 2 July 1693, in Amsterdam; died 16 September 1775, in Amsterdam.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman (including red chalk/wash), engraver, illustrator, decorative artist. Mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits, urban landscapes, architectural views, landscapes, figures. Wall decorations.

Louis Fabricius Dubourg was a pupil of Gérard de Lairesse, Jan van Huysum, and then Rademaker and Bernard Picard. He was sexton of the church of Amstel in Amsterdam. He painted a number of ceilings, mantelpieces and watercolours. Engravings for which he is noted include ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1749, in Versailles; died 1825, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, draughtsman (wash), engraver, decorative artist. Mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, historical portraits, hunting scenes, interiors with figures, gardens. Stage costumes and sets, furniture, designs for fabrics, frontispieces.

Dugourc's father, who was in the service of the Duke of Orléans, had a considerable fortune. Dugourc was permitted to attend the lessons taken by the Duke of Chartres (the future Philippe-Égalité), and at the age 15 left for Rome, attached to the embassy of the Count of Cani. From his infancy, he had shown an aptitude for drawing, perspective and architecture. However, the death of his mother, followed shortly after by the loss of his father's fortune, changed his life. From being an amateur, Dugourc became a professional artist, and executed paintings, sculptures and engravings. In a work published in ...

Article

Klaus Lankheit

(Johann)

(b ?April 9, 1691; d Mannheim, Jan 11, 1752).

German sculptor, stuccoist, draughtsman and illustrator. He was the most important sculptor active in Franconia and the Palatinate in the first half of the 18th century; nevertheless, although his very individual late Baroque sculpture, mostly carved in wood, was highly regarded by his contemporaries, he was quickly forgotten after his death. His rich oeuvre was severely depleted, particularly as a result of World War II. It was only after that date that his importance was reassessed. Egell probably served an apprenticeship with the Würzburg sculptor Balthasar Esterbauer (1672–1722) and collaborated on the interior decoration of the Banz monastery. His first documented work is an expressive Crucifix made in 1716 for St Michael’s Monastery in Bamberg (now in St Otto, Bamberg). His stylistic development was affected by his work between 1716–17 and 1719 as one of the team directed by Balthasar Permoser, which made all the sculptural decorations at the Zwinger in Dresden for ...