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Article

Philippe Durey

(b Le Havre, June 21, 1750; d Paris, April 15, 1818).

French sculptor, draughtsman and engraver. He arrived in Paris in 1765 to become a pupil of Augustin Pajou. Although he never won the Prix de Rome, he appears to have travelled to Rome in the early 1770s. About 1780 or 1781 he was involved in the decoration of Claude-Nicolas Ledoux’s Hôtel Thélusson, Paris. From 1784 to 1785 he carried out work at the château of Compiègne, including the decoration of the Salle des Gardes, where his bas-reliefs illustrating the Battles of Alexander (in situ) pleasantly combine a Neo-classical clarity of composition with a virtuosity and animation that are still Rococo in spirit.

Beauvallet was approved (agréé) by the Académie Royale in 1789. During the French Revolution he was a passionate republican and presented plaster busts of Marat and of Chalier (1793–4; both destr.) to the Convention. He was briefly imprisoned after the fall of Robespierre in ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Died 1827, in Paris.

Painter, lithographer.

He trained at the art school in Montpellier and gained a second-class medal in 1824. He was appointed director of the restoration of paintings at the Louvre in 1816. At the 1799 Salon he exhibited ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1770, in Paris; died 1846.

Engraver.

He engraved medals of the major personalities and events of the Empire, the Restoration, and the July Monarchy.

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 1727, in Florence; died 1785 or 1790, in London.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, art restorer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

Giovanni Battista Cipriani's family were from Pistoia. He was a pupil of Bartolozzi, and perfected his drawing technique by studying the work of Gabbiani. Cipriani was buried in Chelsea cemetery in London, beneath a monument by Bartolozzi. In 1750, he painted the organ screen in the school of the convent of S Maria Maddalena dei Pazzi. Around Pistoia, he painted a ...

Article

British, 18th century, male.

Born probably in London; died 21 September 1794, in Chiswick, drowned.

Painter, art restorer. Portraits, genre scenes.

Benjamin van der Gucht was the son and probably the pupil of the engraver John van der Gucht. He also studied at the St Martin's Lane Academy and was to be one of the first students to enrol at the newly founded Royal Academy Schools. He painted many portraits of actors, some of which were printed as mezzotints. He also painted genre scenes. In ...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1 October 1772, in Stauffen, near Freiburg; died 9 February 1844, in Florence.

Engraver (burin), art restorer, picture dealer.

Johann Metzger was a student at the academy in Munich, and later worked in Florence. He was a pupil of Morghen....

Article

British, 18th century, male.

Born c. 1730; died 30 November 1797, in London.

Painter, pastellist, art restorer, engraver. Portraits, genre scenes.

Henry Robert Morland was taught by his father George Henry Morland. He quickly made a name for himself and acquired a brilliant situation while still very young. He had the same taste for luxury as his father and his son did. Despite his success and an aptitude for work that is confirmed by the diversity of his activities (he was also a merchant), far from making his fortune, he suffered the same troubles with lawyers as his son George did. He exhibited at the Society of Artists, the Royal Academy, and, especially, at the Free Society of Artists in London....

Article

Spanish, 18th century, male.

Born 13 August 1693, in Valencia; died 6 November 1765, in Valencia.

Painter, engraver (burin), art restorer (painting). Religious subjects, portraits.

Hipólito Rovira y Brocandel studied in Rome. He was one of the most distinguished exponents of Spanish Baroque painting and worked for the Dominican church in Valencia....

Article

Austrian, 18th century, male.

Born 20 May 1725, in Iglau (now Jihlava, Czech Republic); died 21 November 1793, in Iglau.

Painter, engraver (etching), art restorer. Religious subjects, portraits.

Johann Nepomuk Steiner was greatly influenced by Mengs in Italy. He worked for the churches in and around Iglau, before going on to become court painter in Vienna in ...