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Article

French, 18th century, male.

Painter (porcelain/enamel).

Article

Bernadette Nelson

(d Lisbon, 1779).

Portuguese potter and painter. He became director and painting master of the Real Fábrica do Rato in Lisbon after the expulsion in 1771 of the first director Tomás Brunetto. With his predecessor, Almeida is associated with the factory’s most successful and distinctive period. Initially he collaborated with the potter and painter Severino José da Silva (d 1797) who was also vice-director and head of the potters’ workshop. Almeida planned to reform the factory, but his ideas were thwarted in 1772 when the board of directors instructed him to dismiss many employees including da Silva and the painters João and Antonio Berardi. However, in 1777 Almeida was granted a ten-year monopoly, the conditions being that he was obliged to have six well-trained artisans at hand, and he was to be given all the materials he needed, provided that he reimbursed the board of directors within the ten-year period. There was a marked change in style in the wares produced at the factory under Almeida’s direction. In particular, the large pieces enamelled with polychrome decoration were abandoned in favour of smaller and more delicately executed items of blue-and-white tableware that were influenced by wares from the Rouen faience factories (...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born c. c. 1766, in Heinitz, a village near Meissen; died 1828.

Painter (including gouache/porcelain), draughtsman. Landscapes, flowers.

A pupil of the Meissen porcelain factory's art school, in particular of Christian Lindner, Arnhold was appointed court drawing master and painter. From ...

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 1742; died 1803.

Painter (including porcelain), watercolourist.

Charles Éloi Asselin was the head of the painting workshop at the Manufacture de Sèvres (Sèvres Porcelain Factory), where a large gouache canvas has been preserved, depicting an Evening Party, and a small watercolour entitled ...

Article

(b Paris, 1724; d Paris, April 13, 1806).

French painter, writer and administrator . A pupil of Jean-Baptiste Pierre, he was approved (agréé) by the Académie Royale in Paris in 1750 and received (reçu) as a painter of flowers in 1752 on presentation of a Portrait of the King in a Medallion Surrounded by a Garland of Flowers and Attributes of the Arts (untraced). He was essentially a flower and animal painter; as a successor to Jean-Baptiste Oudry he played a key part in the continuation of a precise and polished type of still-life painting. Yet Bachelier also had pretensions towards becoming a history painter, a status he achieved officially in 1763 when he was admitted to the category of history painters at the Académie on the strength of his Death of Abel (Auxerre, Mus. A. & Hist.), for which he substituted a Roman Charity (Paris, Ecole N. Sup. B.-A.) in 1764.

Bachelier exhibited regularly at the Salon from ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1760, in Strasbourg; died c. 1831, in Paris.

Painter.

Baltz executed miniatures on porcelain, his subjects being portraits and landscapes. The miniatures are dispersed across various art collections in France, Russia and Germany.

London, 28 June 1962: Three Children in a Landscape, One Playing with a Bird...

Article

Ingrid Sattel Bernardini

(b Gotha, Dec 27, 1725; d Vienna, March 23, 1806).

German sculptor, painter and architect. He was the son of a court gardener who worked first in Gotha and then in Württemberg. He was originally intended to become an architect; in 1747 Duke Charles-Eugene of Württemberg sent him to train in Paris where, under the influence of painters such as Charles-Joseph Natoire and François Boucher, he turned to painting. The eight-year period of study in Rome that followed prompted Beyer to devote himself to sculpture, as he was impressed by antique works of sculpture and was also influenced by his close contacts with Johann Joachim Winckelmann and his circle. He also served an apprenticeship with Filippo della Valle, one of the main representatives of the Neo-classical tendency in sculpture. In 1759 Beyer returned to Germany, to take part in the decoration of Charles-Eugene’s Neues Schloss in Stuttgart.

In Stuttgart Beyer made an important contribution to the founding and improvement of facilities for the training of artists, notably at the Akademie, and to manufacture in the field of arts and crafts, particularly at the ...

Article

French, 18th century, female.

Active during the second half of the 18th century.

Painter. Flowers.

She painted designs on Sèvres porcelain.

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 12 April 1772, in Wolverhampton, in 1762 according to Larousse Dictionary; died 2 November 1819, in London.

Painter. Genre scenes.

Edward Bird first learned his trade in pottery works in Birmingham before moving to Bristol to create a drawing school. He pursued his creative career alongside his teaching activities, painting until his death in ...

Article

Swiss, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 31 December 1758, in Zollikon, near Zurich; died 25 January 1823, in Feuerthalen.

Painter (gouache), illuminator, draughtsman, engraver. Landscapes.

In his youth, Johann Heinrich Bleuler learnt porcelain painting at the Kilchberg-Schooren works, but gave it up to devote his energies to an artistic career, studying under Heinrich Uster. He then worked for Matthäus Pfenninger in Zurich, producing topographical views of Switzerland. Around ...