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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 7 May 1943, in Wichita (Kansas).

Sculptor, environmental artist, performance artist, video artist.

Terry Allen studied at the Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles, receiving a BFA in 1966. His work is inspired by his travels in Mexico, Thailand, China and Colorado. He has taught at California State University Fresno (...

Article

Canadian, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1937, in Marquette (Manitoba).

Sculptor, mixed-media artist. Fabric art, environmental art.

Aganetha Dyck is best known for her sculptural work that involves a long-term collaboration with bees. Dyck places ready-made items in beehives, often repeatedly, and the bees build honeycombs onto the surfaces of these objects. An early example is her series ...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1944, in New York.

Sculptor, draughtsman, photographer, painter, installation.

Land Art, Environmental Art.

Richard Fleischner graduated from the Rhode Island School of Design with a BFA in 1966 and an MFA in 1968, both degrees focusing on sculpture. During the 1970s and 1980s, Fleischner became a leading figure in environmental art....

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in London.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor, photographer. Artists' books.

Conceptual Art, Land Art.

After studying in London at St Martin's from 1966 to 1968, Hamish Fulton went on to study photography in 1969. Fulton is interested in landscape and has much in common with Land Art, although his approach is quite different. Unlike Richard Long - with whom he travelled in South America - Fulton does not intervene on site. He builds his work around the physical impression that a space leaves on the body when walking, first in timeless photographs with brief captions and then, from ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Scotland.

Born 26 July 1956, in Cheshire.

Sculptor, environmental artist, installation artist, photographer. Subjects from nature.

Land Art.

Andy Goldsworthy studied fine art at Bradford School of Art (1974-1975) and at Preston Polytechnic (1975-1978). He is an environmental artist who works in the open air, creating temporary site-specific sculptures from natural and found objects, which may complement their surroundings or contrast starkly with them....

Article

real name Charles Rogers Grooms

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1 June 1937, in Nashville (Tennessee).

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, performance artist, environmental artist, installation artist, filmmaker.

Neo-Dadaism, Pop Art.

Born Charles Rogers Grooms, the red-headed Red Grooms studied at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (1955), the New School for Social Research in New York (1956), and under Hans Hofmann in Provincetown, Massachusetts (1957). He was one of the first performance artists amongst others such as Allan Kaprow, Claes Oldenburg, Jim Dine, and Robert Whitman. Grooms introduced his ‘happenings’ in New York City as early as 1957, the most famous being The Burning Building at the Delancey Street Museum. Grooms’ style of performance art, non-verbal yet with its theatrical narrative flow and comedic elements, quickly transferred into filmmaking, and he produced Shoot the Moon (1962), after A Trip to the Moon by Georges Méliès....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 5 April 1938, in Worcester, Massachusetts; died 8 February 2014, in New York.

Sculptor, installation artist, filmmaker, photographer. Land Art, Environmental Art, Public Art, Post-Minimalism.

Nancy Holt received a BA in Biology from Tufts University in 1960 and then briefly travelled through Europe, before moving to New York City. There, she met influential Minimalist and Post-Minimalist artists, many of whom would become collaborators, including: Carl Andre, Dan Graham, Eva Hesse, Joan Jonas, Donald Judd, Sol LeWitt, Robert Morris, and Richard Serra. Holt’s early artistic output was primarily photography, video, and Concrete poetry, mediums in which she continued to work throughout her career....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1948, in Paris.

Sculptor, environmental artist, video artist.

Computer Art (Virtual Art).

Catherine Ikam makes sculptures and virtual environments in which she conjures up three-dimensional images. She participates in collective exhibitions. Solo exhibitions of her work include: Jesuit chapel, Nîmes, Musée des Jacobins, Morlaix, ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1941, in Fürstenwalde an der Spree.

Assemblage artist, environmental artist, sculptor, photographer, mixed media. Artists' books.

During the 1960s, Dietmar Kirves worked with artists such as Joseph Beuys, Jochen Gerz and Terry Fox. He has lived in Berlin and Antwerp. He featured in the exhibition ...

Article

Susan Snodgrass

(b Madrid, 1961).

Chicago-based American sculptor, photographer, video artist, installation artist of Spanish birth. He received a BA in art and art history and a BA in Latin American and Spanish literature from Williams College in 1983. In 1989 he earned a MFA from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago.

Manglano-Ovalle’s hybrid practice emerged with Tele-vecindario: A Street-Level Video Block Party, a public art project created for Culture in Action, a community-based art program in Chicago in 1992–1993. Working with Latino youth in Chicago’s West Town community, an area often challenged by substandard housing, drugs, and gang violence, the artist facilitated a multimedia portrait of their lives in which these youth constructed their own images and concept of self. Issues of identity, community, and migration, as they relate to both cultural and geographic borders, have been explored throughout his career that includes collaborative modes of working, as well as individual works sited within the museum or gallery. For Manglano-Ovalle, culture encompassed a broad network of systems—artistic, political, environmental, scientific—in constant dialogue, negotiated by both artist and viewer....

Article

Cuban, 20th century, female.

Active in the United States.

Born 1948, in Havana; died 8 September 1985, in New York.

Sculptor, installation artist, performance artist, video artist, photographer.

Body Art, performance.

Ana Mendieta’s family left Cuba in 1961 for political reasons. She studied in the United States at the University of Iowa as a painter before radically changing her artistic direction. From 1972 to 1980, Mendieta created performance pieces, or ‘earth–body sculptures’, in Iowa and Mexico; these involved inserting her body into nature as a means of expressing and questioning her Afro-Cuban roots. She was particularly influenced by Santería, a syncretic South American religious movement, while exploring her status as a woman and an immigrant.

Mendieta joined the Artist in Residence Inc. (A.I.R.) Gallery in New York in 1978. A.I.R was the first all-female gallery to be opened in the United States. Mendieta’s active participation in the gallery was crucial to the development of her own feminist practice. While working at the gallery, Mendieta met her future husband, the Minimalist artist Carl Andre....

Article

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 27 May 1944, in New York City.

Installation artist, sculptor, designer. Land Art, environmental art, site-specific art.

Mary Miss studied at the University of California at Santa Barbara, graduating with a BA in 1966. She received her MFA from the Rhinehart School of Sculpture at the Maryland Art Institute in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active also active in the USA.

Born 29 April 1939, in Wattenscheid.

Sculptor, installation artist, action artist, draughtsman, video artist, painter.

Body Art, Land Art.

Klaus Rinke once stated the following in a truncated autobiographical note: '1954-1966: Made rather pathetic attempts at painting... ...