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Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1866, in Lubaczów; died 1924, in Cracow.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative artist, ceramicist, sculptor, designer. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes. Furniture.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Debicki studied at the Akademie der bildenden Künste in Vienna from 1881 to 1884, then in Munich, Paris, Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine) and Cracow. He first settled in Lemberg and began teaching in ...

Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 25 June 1852, in Reus (Catalonia); died 10 June 1926, in Barcelona.

Architect, sculptor, decorative designer.

Art Nouveau.

Antoni Gaudí y Cornet was descended from a branch of the Gaudin family of Clermont-Ferrand. His father was a coppersmith and then an inspector of weights and measures. The family lived in the town of Reus in the province of Tarragona. Gaudí was very influenced by his environment and a keen observer of nature, the sea, the mountains and the organic structure of things around him. He became an architect in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 6 April 1860, in Ay; died 1945, in Paris.

Sculptor, glassmaker, worker in precious metals, decorative artist.

Art Nouveau, Art Deco.

René J. Lalique studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs. He gradually moved away from jewellery, an art which he nevertheless revolutionised, to become a master artist in glass in around ...

Article

Donna Corbin

(b Münster, May 16, 1872; d Baierbrunn, Upper Bavaria, April 5, 1943).

German designer, architect, sculptor and painter. He was the son of a cabinetmaker and studied painting at the Staatliche Kunstakademie in Düsseldorf (1889–91) and in Berlin (1891–2) before settling in Munich in 1892. Working as a portrait painter and graphic designer, he contributed illustrations to a number of periodicals including Pan (from 1895) and Jugend (from 1896). His earliest furniture designs were a chair and mirror shown at the seventh Internationale Kunstausstellung held at the Glaspalast in Munich in 1897. In the following year he was commissioned by F. A. O. Krüger (b 1868), one of the founder-members of the Vereinigte Werkstätten für Kunst im Handwerk, Munich, to produce designs for the workshop. Like other designers of the Vereinigte Werkstätten, such as Richard Riemerschmid, Peter Behrens or Bruno Paul, Pankok produced designs in a variety of media, although his designs for furniture are probably his most original. His early furniture designs are characterized by a certain heaviness and ‘organic’ look, recalling the work of Antoni Gaudí and representing the more expressionistic, less functional, aspect of ...