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French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born c. 1950.

Painter (including gouache), draughtswoman, lithographer. Figures, interiors with figures. Wall decorations.

Dominique Andrier studied architecture at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1970 to 1975. She has mostly painted since 1976. Since 1988, she has devoted herself to figurative painting, notably of women in their daily occupations, especially at their toilette....


French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active also active in Italy.

Born 31 October 1957, in Bordeaux.

Architect, designer, draughtswoman. Furniture, rug design.

Martine Bedin was awarded a bursary to study architecture in Florence in 1978, and then graduated from the École d'Architecture in Paris. She began her formal research in ...


also known as Bébelle

Belgian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1946, in Brussels.

Painter, designer. Landscapes, architectural interiors. Designs for wallpapers and fabrics.

In her early career Isabelle de Borchgrave painted in a naive style, but gradually evolved an intimate style depicting nature and house interiors. She works in pastels, gouache, watercolours, drawings and oils. She has become a designer of international repute, creating fabrics fashions, furnishing fabrics, wallpapers tiles and household linen....


Michael Spens

revised by Carla Tilghman

(b Toronto, Feb 28, 1929).

American architect, exhibition designer, furniture and jewlery designer, and teacher. He qualified at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, in 1954 and attended the Graduate School of Design, Harvard University, in 1956–7. After working in various architectural practices, from 1962 he practised independently in Venice, Los Angeles establishing the firm of Frank O. Gehry and Associates, Inc of which he remains the Design Principal. His early work focused on the potential of small-scale works to provide a succinct metaphorical statement, as with various exhibition designs for the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and his designs for the Joseph Magnin Stores at Costa Mesa and San Jose (both 1968), CA. In his early works he was interested more in the manipulation of architectural form than in technical innovation, and he was concerned with the conceptual and spatial content of buildings rather than the tighter demands of the architectural brief. Seeking an ‘open-ended’ approach to architecture, he was influenced by the work of fine artists such as Constantin Brancusi and Robert Rauschenberg. But his works of the late 1970s proved that his approach could provide habitable if haphazard buildings, as in the Wagner House (...


Walter Smith

revised by Carla Tilghman

(b Baghdad, Oct 31, 1950; d Miami, FL, Mar 31, 2016).

British architect, designer and teacher, of Iraqi birth. She studied at the Architectural Association, London, from 1972 to 1977 and then joined the Office for Metropolitan Architecture founded by Rem Koolhaas, one of her teachers; there she worked on the Dutch Parliament Building extension (1978), The Hague. In 1979 she opened her own practice in London, designing a flat in Eaton Place that won a gold medal from Architectural Design in 1982. She also began teaching at the Architectural Association (1980–87). During the 1980s she entered several architectural competitions, winning those for the Hong Kong Peak (1983, see fig.), the Kurfürstendamm (1986), Berlin, and for an art and media centre in Düsseldorf (1989). She also designed furniture and interiors (1985) for Bitar, London, and interiors (1990) for the Monsoon Restaurant, Sapporo, Japan. Her work seeks to develop the traditions of Modernism; it is inspired by Cubism, Futurism and Constructivism, but perhaps most profoundly by the Suprematism of Kazimir Malevich: she believed that the possibilities inherent in the work of such figures as Malevich had only begun to be realized. Sometimes described as ‘Neo-Suprematist’ and as resembling spaceships, her designs are typified by fragmented convex geometrical forms that engage and define the space around them, incorporating a Futurist sense of dynamic movement....


Deborah Cullen

[MoMA] (New York)

The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) was founded in 1929 by patrons Lillie P(lummer) Bliss, Cornelius J. Sullivan and Rockefeller family §(1) to establish an institution devoted to modern art. Over the next ten years the Museum moved three times and in 1939 settled in the Early Modern style building (1938–9) designed by Philip S. Goodwin and Edward Durell Stone that it still occupies at 11 West 53 Street. Subsequent renovations and expansions occurred in the 1950s and 1960s by Philip Johnson, in 1984 by Cesar Pelli and in 2002–4 by Yoshirō Taniguchi (b 1937). MoMA QNS, the temporary headquarters during this project, was subsequently used to provide art storage. In 2000, MoMA and the contemporary art space, P.S.1, Long Island City, Queens, announced their affiliation. Recent projects are shown at P.S.1 in Queens in a renovated public school building.

According to founding director, Alfred H(amilton) Barr...


Mexican, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1972, in Mexico City.

Painter, decorative artist. Landscapes, urban landscapes, architectural views, animals, plants, flowers.

Marcela Rosado studied drawing at Valle de Mexico university and began producing paintings, sculptures, pottery and jewellery at the Allende institute in San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato. She later trained at the Museo de Arte Moderno in Mexico City. Her abstract-style painting explores two themes: fauna and flora and houses. Geometric in composition and lacking in perspective, her work is notable for its strong colour contrasts. She also works as an interior designer....


French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 26 June 1948, in Baden-Baden, Germany.

Painter. Landscapes, seascapes, architectural views, architectural interiors. Murals, decorative panels.

Hervé de Sainte-Foy studied under Yves Bayer at the Académie Charpentier in 1967 and 1968 before enrolling at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris where he studied under Champlain-Midy, Yankel, Dayez and Licata. In ...


(b Paris, Jan 18, 1949).

French designer and architect. In the 1960s he attended the Ecole Nissim de Camondo in Paris. In the 1970s he designed the interiors of the night-clubs of La Main Bleue (1976) and Les Bains-Douche (1978) in Paris and in 1979 founded the company ‘Starck Product’. The first commission to bring him public attention was from President François Mitterand of France for refurbishing the private apartments in the Elysée Palace (1982), Paris. Starck also refurbished the Café Costes (1984), Paris, the Manin Restaurant (1988), Tokyo, the Royalton Hotel (1988), New York, and the Teatriz Restaurant (1990), Madrid. In these commissions he was responsible not only for the general layout but also for the design of such features as andirons, fire pokers and light fittings. His belief in integrated design is more fully realized in his architecture, most notably the La Flamme building (...