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Angela H. Moor, Ian L. Moor, and Susie Clark


The conservation of photographic materials relates to the passive and interventive techniques used to clean, stabilize, consolidate, repair, and restore original photographic positive and negative images.

See also Photography

Angela H. Moor and Ian L. Moor

Conservation for photographic materials must take into account the characteristics and properties that denote the photograph as an artifact, rather than just a visual image, and historic and technological information must be preserved to ensure the continuation of the provenance of the photograph. Regarding the photograph as an image will include all the visual, social, historic, artistic, and aesthetic information that is represented within the picture created by the photographer. This concept also relates to the individuality of style, interpretation, and presentation of the photographer in respect of that which he purposefully or accidentally captured in his work. Regarding the photograph as an artifact will include the visual and material characteristics that make up and form the essence of the photograph. These physical properties include the light-sensitive coatings found in non-colloidal images such as calotypes, salted paper prints, cyanotypes, and platinum prints or in the image-carrying colloid or colloidal emulsions, whether silver or pigmented, and their supporting bases, mountants, and presentation materials. These properties are relatively easy to recognize (...


Oldest and largest photography museum in the United States, located in Rochester, NY. Since it opened its doors to the public in November 1949, George Eastman House has played a pivotal role in shaping and expanding the field of American photography. George Eastman, founder of Eastman Kodak Company, never knew his home would become a museum; he bequeathed the mansion where he lived from 1905 until 1932 to the University of Rochester to serve as the residence of its president. In 1946 a board of trustees was formed to establish George Eastman House as an independent, non-profit museum, a memorial to Eastman and his advancements in photographic technology.

Working under director Oscar Solbert, a retired US Army general and former Kodak executive, was the museum’s first curator, Beaumont Newhall. Newhall transformed the museum from one primarily concerned with the technical applications of photography to one emphasizing its artistic development. The museum became an international centre of scholarship, and in ...


Deborah Cullen

[MoMA] (New York)

The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) was founded in 1929 by patrons Lillie P(lummer) Bliss, Cornelius J. Sullivan and Rockefeller family §(1) to establish an institution devoted to modern art. Over the next ten years the Museum moved three times and in 1939 settled in the Early Modern style building (1938–9) designed by Philip S. Goodwin and Edward Durell Stone that it still occupies at 11 West 53 Street. Subsequent renovations and expansions occurred in the 1950s and 1960s by Philip Johnson, in 1984 by Cesar Pelli and in 2002–4 by Yoshirō Taniguchi (b 1937). MoMA QNS, the temporary headquarters during this project, was subsequently used to provide art storage. In 2000, MoMA and the contemporary art space, P.S.1, Long Island City, Queens, announced their affiliation. Recent projects are shown at P.S.1 in Queens in a renovated public school building.

According to founding director, Alfred H(amilton) Barr...