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Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 30 April 1764, in Milan; died 11 February 1849, in Florence.

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), watercolourist, engraver (line-engraving). Allegorical subjects, historical subjects, battles, genre scenes, scenes with figures. Decorative schemes, church decoration, decorative designs.

After studying in Milan and Rome, Ademollo was invited to Florence to decorate the Teatro della Pergola (which has since been destroyed). He settled in Florence until his death and was widely regarded as one of the neo-classical masters of the Tuscan School. At the start of his career, he painted principally arabesques, but went on to develop his technique to the point where Ferdinand III commissioned him to decorate the Pitti Palace and to paint historical and allegorical subjects for its individual rooms. One of his best-known works is ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 16 July 1756, in Lautrec (Tarn); died most probably, in Bordeaux.

Painter, decorative designer. Theatre decoration.

Pierre-Joseph Alaux studied painting and decoration with his father, Joseph, a painter, decorator and master weaver born at the beginning of the 18th century. Pierre-Joseph had several children, including three painter sons: Jean-Pierre the Elder, who created the 'neorama', Jean, nicknamed Romain, and Jean-Paul, known as Gentil. He worked principally in Bordeaux, a town then expanding rapidly, and where in ...

Article

Dutch, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1746, in Amsterdam; died 1813, in Amsterdam.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative artist, watercolourist. Genre scenes, figures, landscapes with figures, landscapes, still-lifes. Designs for tapestries.

Anthony Andriessen often worked in collaboration with Jurriaan Andriessen, his brother and teacher. In 1766 he was a member of the drawing academy. Johannes van Troostwijk was his pupil....

Article

Dutch, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 12 June 1742, in Amsterdam; died 31 July 1819.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman. Allegorical subjects, genre scenes, portraits, landscapes with figures, landscapes. Designs for tapestries, theatre decoration.

Jurriaan Andriessen was a pupil of Anthony Elliger; in 1760 he studied at the Amsterdam academy of drawing. He had many pupils, including Jean Grandjean, Daniel Dupré, Wouter Johannès van Troostwijk, Hendrik Voogt, his brother Anthony Andriessen, his son Christiaan and his granddaughter Cornelia Aletta van Hulst....

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 7 July 1754, in Parma; died 18 March 1830.

Painter, decorative designer.

Studied at the academy in Parma and under E. Petitot. He was awarded several prizes between 1778 and 1780. Appointed professor at the academy in 1821 in succession to Donnino Ferrari....

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1759, in St-Dié (Vosges); died 13 April 1832, in Paris.

Painter, miniaturist, enameller. Portraits.

Augustin was a self-trained artist. He often claimed to have never had a teacher, and no biographer has been able to find evidence of one. Nothing is known of his life before 1781, when he arrived in Paris with only three twenty-franc pieces, no friends or sponsors, and without yet having demonstrated or shown any hint of his talent. Given his position, his first attempts to establish himself were inevitably fraught with difficulty. However, his perseverance overcame these obstacles and he soon became successful. From 1791 to 1831, he exhibited regularly at the Paris Salon, and swiftly became a fashionable artist. From 1796, some artists began appending 'élève d'Augustin' (student of Augustin) to their signature. He trained many students, including Besselière, Madame de Mirbel, the Chevalier de Lestang-Parade, the Vicomte Desfossez, Fontallard, Ménageot, Pinchot, Sieurac, Mademoiselle Delacazette, and his wife, who was awarded a medal at the Salon of 1824. He himself was knighted a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur in 1821, and in 1824 received the official title of first miniature painter to the King's household....

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1744, in Pistoia (Tuscany); died 22 October 1816, in Bologna.

Painter, engraver, sculptor, decorative designer.

Baldi studied drawing and painting initially under Francesco Beneforti in Pistoia, then travelled to Bologna, where he entered the workshop of the painter Mauro Tezi, with whom he subsequently collaborated as an assistant. He enjoyed the patronage of Count Massimiliano Gini. He excelled expecially at painting flowers. According to Zani, Valentino Baldi was also an engraver and sculptor....

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active also active in Russia.

Died 1810, in Bologna.

Painter, decorative artist. Church decoration, theatre decoration, wall decorations.

Bolognese School.

Studied under his brother Giuseppe Gioachino and accompanied him on a voyage to Russia before returning to work in Bologna. His decorative work is to be found in the Bologna church of S Maria della Vita, in the church of SS Cosimo e Damiano, at the church of S Catarina, in the theatre in Ferrara, and in the Palazzo Bovi Silvestri. He also decorated the church of S Vitale in Ravenna....

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Cologne from 1786 to 1800.

Painter, engraver.

Peter Beckenkamp was decorator to the court of Cologne and was the brother of Kaspar Benedikt Beckenkamp.

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1744; died 1818.

Watercolourist, draughtsman, decorative designer, designer of ornamental architectural features. Architectural interiors, architectural views.

London, 25 June 1981: Interior Section of the Temple of the Sun, the Temple of Saturn and the Temple of Priapus (pen and wash...

Article

Flemish School, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Louvain (Brabant).

Died 1819.

Painter, decorative designer. Architectural views. Ornaments.

Berges' work included views of convents and monasteries in Louvain, but these have been lost since 1789.

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Ferrara.

Born 1749, in Ferrara; died 1823.

Painter, decorative designer, engraver, architect.

A pupil of Ghedini, Luigi Bertelli painted frescoes and an oil entitled Demon in the Flames for the Chiesa Nuova; he also made etchings for Arrivo...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1762, in Palmanova (Veneto); died 1844, in Milan.

Painter (gouache), draughtsman, decorative designer. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Giuseppe Bison started his career in Brescia and travelled to Venice at the age of 14 to study at the academy there under Antonio Maria Zanetti and Constantino Cedini. He also studied decorative painting under Antonio Mauri and was advised by Romani and Sedini. He left Venice for Trieste in ...

Article

N. A. Yevsina

(b Florence, 1745; d Dresden, May 17, 1820).

Italian architect, interior designer and decorative painter. He studied in Rome under Stefano Pozzi from 1766 to 1768 and then in Paris. On his return to Italy he studied antiquities, copying frescoes (with Franciszek Smuglewicz) and measuring and sketching the Baths of Titus (1774) and the villa of Pliny the younger at Laurentinum. He occasionally worked in Poland, where he showed his skill as an interior decorator. A designer of painted arabesque decoration, he combined classical architectural and landscape compositions with Baroque decorative effects. Notable examples include works at the palace of Izabella Poniatowska-Branicka and the royal palace in Warsaw, the Czartoryski Palace (the Pheasantry) at Natolin, and other great houses in Poland.

In late 1783 or early 1784 he was invited to St Petersburg by the heir to the Russian throne, Paul Petrovich (later Tsar Paul I, reg 1796–1801) for the building of his country residence at ...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1766, in Leutesdorf; died 1831, in Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland).

Painter, decorative artist.

Article

Nadia Tscherny

(b Montignac, Dordogne, Dec 16, 1771; d Poland, 1850).

French painter and designer. He came from a family of shopkeepers and tailors and he served in the Republican army during the wars of the Vendée. By 1798 he was a student of Jacques-Louis David, who provided a small apartment in the Louvre where Broc often lived. With a group of David’s students and some writers, Broc formed a dissenting sect called Primitifs, Les, Barbus (bearded ones), Méditateurs or Penseurs. Broc was typical of the Primitifs in finding inspiration in Greek vase painting and Italian 15th-century art.

The School of Apelles (1800; Paris, Louvre) was Broc’s first Salon entry and the first exhibited work by a member of the Primitifs. The picture represents Apelles speaking to his students about his unfinished allegory of Calumny. The composition derives from Raphael’s School of Athens (Rome, Vatican, Stanza Segnatura), and the picture on the easel is based on a drawing of Calumny...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active 1767-1834.

Painter. Landscapes, decorative schemes.

Joseph Browne is known through an undated engraving after his portrait by the Rev. Thomas Kerrich, an antiquary from Cambridge, which bears the script 'Joseph Browne, Norwicensis, Ruralium Prospectuum Pictor', suggesting he originated from Norwich and was a landscape painter. Shrubland Park in Suffolk has an overmantel signed ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 11 February 1763, in Toulon; died 28 February 1831, in Toulon.

Sculptor, draughtsman, art restorer. Religious subjects, seascapes. Decorative schemes.

Brun first studied sculpture at the workshop of the Port of Toulon, before moving to Rome in 1782, where he spent six months perfecting his art with the Roman masters of the day. With no means to support himself, he eventually returned to France. Two years later, influential patrons secured him a grant from the King, enabling him to study in Italy for a further four years. Upon his return to Toulon in ...

Article

Swiss, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 7 March 1770, in Erlen; died 12 December 1853.

Painter, decorative artist. Portraits.

Hans Joachim Brunschweiler was the cousin of Hans Joachim Brunschweiler. He was self-taught. He first travelled with a group of varnishers and lacquerers, working as a painter and decorative artist at that time. He also worked as a portraitist in Winterthur, Lucerne, Bern, and Schaffhausen, specialising in painting miniatures on ivory. Around ...

Article

Swiss, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 7 August 1774; died 29 December 1848, in Erlen.

Painter.

Johannes Brunschweiler was the brother of Hans Joachim Brunschweiler. He worked as a painter and decorator, but also tried his hand at painting portraits and miniatures.