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Franz Adrian Dreier

(bapt Grossalmerode, Dec 17, 1663; d Altmünden, May 13, 1726).

German glass engraver. His father was the glassmaker Franz Gundelach (fl 1660), and from c. 1669 the family lived in Oranienbaum. By 1682 Gondelach must have been in Kassel, where he married Anna Dorothea Trümper in 1689 and acquired citizenship in 1694. From his arrival in Kassel he seems to have worked for Landgrave Charles of Hesse-Kassel. On 18 January 1688 he obtained an official appointment and is documented as ‘court master glassworker’, ‘court glass engraver’ or ‘princely glass engraver’. Gondelach has been accepted as the most important glass engraver of the Baroque period, as he skilfully mastered the techniques of tiefschnitt (deep-relief) and hochschnitt (high-relief) decoration. His most famous works are three jugs: the first (Pommersfelden, Schloss Weissenstein) was a present from the Landgrave to Lothar Franz von Schönborn in 1715, the second (made before 1714) is in Rosenborg Castle in Copenhagen, and the third (also made before ...


Camillo Semenzato

(b ?Venice, 1699; d Venice, Feb 21, 1781).

Italian sculptor. His father, Gregorio, was a glassworker from the Alto Adige. Morlaiter’s training as a sculptor may have taken place in Venice, and certainly his style has much in common with that of Venetian sculptors such as Filippo Parodi, Giuseppe Torretti and Francesco Cabianca; it also, however, has markedly Rococo characteristics that would have been more readily assimilated by an artist from outside the Venetian mainstream tradition.

Whatever Morlaiter’s artistic origins, he soon established a high reputation in Venice with a dynamic and precious manner, demonstrated in the Crucifix (c. 1732) he sculpted for S Maria degli Scalzi, which coincided well with contemporary taste. Typical also of his work, with their dynamic outline and luminous, faceted surfaces, are the marble figures of St Benedict and St Scholastica (1735; Fratta Polesine, SS Pietro e Paolo). Between 1735 and 1737 Morlaiter sculpted a marble frame with a Glory of Angels...